MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
Taxonomy
 
 
Geography
 
 
 

Page last updated
Mon 06 May 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae

tribe LANCEOLARIINI Froufe, Lopes-Lima, & Bogan in Lopes-Lima et al., 2017: cladomics
     1 genus

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 15
number of subtaxa (rank: genus) = 1

analyzed in 77 cladograms in 50 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 12, mean = 2.47
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) in an analysis = 1, mean = 1.0

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 57
maximum number of included terminals = 12, mean = 2.98
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) = 1, mean = 1.0
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.89


Pairwise Cladogram Clustering

The graphs below depict in two dimensions all pair-wise ingroup distances within the cladome. See the Cladmoics FARQ for more information.


PCoA Ordination


NJ tree


Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 34 5 1 44 30 4 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **      
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **      
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[1]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[2]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta          
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica        
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[1]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana      
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[2]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[3]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[1]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[2]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[2]      
  |                                    
--+-------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[3]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_angula         
  |                                    
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                    
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                    
  |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |  |                                 
  +--+  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
  |  |  |                              
  |  +--+-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
  |     |                              
  |     +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
  |                                    
  |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |  |                                 
  |  |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[1]   
  +--+  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[2]   
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[1]
     +--+                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[2]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[3]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[4]

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 1 114 61 4 36.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

  +-------------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                                            
  +-------------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                                            
  |                    +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  |     +--------------+                                       
  |     |              |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta      
  |     |              +--+                                    
  |     |                 |  +----- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  |     |                 +--+                                 
  |     |                    |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
  |     |                    +--+                              
  +-----+                       +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
  |     |                                                      
  |     |  +----------------------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica 
  |     |  |                                                   
  |     |  |                 +----- Unio_gibbus                
  |     |  |                 |                                 
  |     |  |  +--------------+----- Unio_tumidus               
  |     +--+  |              |                                 
  |        |  |              |  +-- Unio_crassus               
  |        |  |              +--+                              
  |        |  |                 +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |        |  |                                                
  |        |  |     +-------------- Nodularia_breviconcha      
  |        +--+  +--+                                          
  |           |  |  |  +----------- Nodularia[2]               
  |           |  |  +--+                                       
  |           |  |     |  +-------- Nodularia_nuxpersicae      
  |           |  |     +--+                                    
  |           |  |        |  +----- Nodularia_nipponensis      
  |           |  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |           +--+           +--+                              
  |              |              +-- Nodularia[1]               
  |              |                                             
--+              |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |              |  +-----------+                              
  |              |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus     
  |              |  |                                          
  |              |  |        +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens        
  |              |  +--------+                                 
  |              +--+        |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei           
  |                 |        +--+                              
  |                 |           +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |                 |                                          
  |                 |  +----------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |                 +--+                                       
  |                    |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
  |                    +--+                                    
  |                       |  +----- Inversiunio_verrucosus     
  |                       +--+                                 
  |                          |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      
  |                          +--+                              
  |                             +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis   
  |                                                            
  |              +----------------- Lanceolaria_oxyrhyncha **     
  |              |                                             
  |  +-----------+  +-------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  |  |           |  |                                          
  |  |           +--+           +-- Lanceolaria_bilirata **       
  |  |              |  +--------+                              
  |  |              |  |        +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  |              +--+                                       
  |  |                 |  +-------- Lanceolaria_acrorrhyncha **   
  |  |                 +--+                                    
  |  |                    |  +----- Lanceolaria_kihirai **        
  |  |                    +--+                                 
  |  |                       |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                       +--+                              
  |  |                          +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **      
  |  |                                                         
  |  |                    +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
  +--+                    |                                    
     |                    |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea            
     |                    +--+                                 
     |                    |  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  +-----------------+  +--+                              
     |  |                 |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
     |  |                 |                                    
     |  |                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |  |                 |  |                                 
     |  |                 |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
     |  |                 +--+                                 
     |  |                    +----- Strophitus_undulatus       
     |  |                    |                                 
     |  |                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
     |  |                    +--+                              
     |  |                       +-- Lasmigona_costata          
     +--+                                                      
        |                       +-- Cristaria_plicata          
        |  +--------------------+                              
        |  |                    +-- Cristaria_clessini         
        |  |                                                   
        |  |        +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
        |  |        |                                          
        |  +--------+  +----------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis     
        |  |        |  |                                       
        |  |        +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica       
        |  |           |  |                                    
        |  |           +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta     
        +--+              |  +--+                              
           |              |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini         
           |              +--+                                 
           |                 |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai        
           |                 +--+                              
           |                    +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai         
           |                                                   
           |  +-------------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
           |  |                                                
           |  |           +-------- Beringiana_japonica        
           |  |  +--------+                                    
           +--+  |        |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana      
              |  |        +--+                                 
              |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai       
              |  |           +--+                              
              +--+              +-- Beringiana_gosannensis     
                 |                                             
                 |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
                 |  +-----------+                              
                 |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                 |  |                                          
                 +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii      
                    |  |                                       
                    |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos      
                    |  +--------+                              
                    +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens         
                       |                                       
                       |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    
                       |  |                                    
                       +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica      
                          |  |                                 
                          +--+----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi        
                             |                                 
                             |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta          
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 12 4 1 70 50 4 30.0
                       +-- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  +--------------------+                              
  |                    +-- Cristaria_plicata          
  |                                                   
  |           +----------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  |           |                                       
  |           |  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[5] **      
  |  +--------+  |                                    
  |  |        |  |     +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |        |  +-----+                              
  |  |        |  |     +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **      
--+  |        +--+                                    
  |  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[4] **      
  |  |           |  |                                 
  |  |           |  |  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[1] **
  |  |           |  |  |                              
  |  |           +--+  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[2] **
  |  |              |  |                              
  |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[3] **
  |  |              |  |                              
  |  |              +--+-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[4] **
  +--+                 |                              
     |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **      
     |                 |                              
     |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **      
     |                 |                              
     |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[3] **      
     |                                                
     |        +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
     |  +-----+                                       
     |  |     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
     |  |     +--+                                    
     |  |        |  +----- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
     |  |        +--+                                 
     |  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
     +--+           +--+                              
        |              +-- Aculamprotula_scripta      
        |                                             
        |           +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
        |  +--------+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae      
        |  |        +--+                              
        +--+           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
           |                                          
           |  +----------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
           |  |                                       
           +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus     
              |  +-----+                              
              |  |     +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens        
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei           
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 1 4 2 1 36.0
                    +-- Nodularia_breviconcha   
  +-----------------+                           
  |                 +-- Nodularia_douglasiae    
--+                                             
  |  +----------------- Lanceolaria_oxyrhyncha **  
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +-------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
     |  |                                       
     +--+           +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
        |  +--------+                           
        |  |        +-- Lanceolaria_bilirata **    
        +--+                                    
           |  +-------- Lanceolaria_acrorrhyncha **
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Lanceolaria_kihirai **     
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **   

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 1 199 40 4 33.0
  +----------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                                         
  |                    +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  |                    |                                    
  |        +-----------+  +----- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  |        |           |  |                                 
  |        |           +--+----- Aculamprotula_scripta      
  |        |              |                                 
  |        |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
  |        |              +--+                              
  |        |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
  +--------+                                                
  |        |           +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  |        |  +--------+                                    
  |        |  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus               
  |        |  |        +--+                                 
  |        |  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |        |  |           +--+                              
  |        +--+              +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |           |                                             
  |           |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |           |  +-----------+                              
  |           |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus     
  |           |  |                                          
  |           +--+        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
--+              |  +-----+                                 
  |              |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
  |              |  |     +--+                              
  |              +--+        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae      
  |                 |                                       
  |                 |  +-------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |                 +--+                                    
  |                    |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens        
  |                    +--+                                 
  |                       |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei           
  |                       +--+                              
  |                          +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |                                                         
  |                    +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  |                    |                                    
  |  +-----------------+  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **      
  |  |                 |  |                                 
  |  |                 +--+----- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **      
  |  |                    |                                 
  |  |                    |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                    +--+                              
  |  |                       +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **      
  |  |                                                      
  |  |     +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |  |     |                                                
  |  |  +--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata          
  +--+  |  |  |                                             
     |  |  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
     |  |     |  |                                          
     |  |     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
     |  |        |  +--------+                              
     |  |        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
     |  |        +--+                                       
     |  |           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    
     |  |           +--+                                    
     |  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi        
     |  |              +--+                                 
     +--+                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica      
        |                 +--+                              
        |                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    
        |                                                   
        |              +-------- Alasmidonta_marginata      
        |              |                                    
        |              +-------- Lasmigona_costata          
        |              |                                    
        |              +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
        |              |                                    
        |              +-------- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
        |              |                                    
        +--------------+-------- Strophitus_undulatus       
                       |                                    
                       |  +----- Anodonta_anatina           
                       +--+                                 
                       |  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
                       |  +--+                              
                       |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
                       |                                    
                       |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
                       +--+                                 
                          |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
                          +--+                              
                             +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3745], fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 77 25 2 32.0
                 +----- Unio_gibbus              
                 |                               
     +-----------+----- Unio_tumidus             
     |           |                               
     |           |  +-- Unio_crassus             
     |           +--+                            
  +--+              +-- Unio_pictorum            
  |  |                                           
  |  |  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |  |  |                                        
  |  +--+           +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
  |     |  +--------+                            
  |     |  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |     +--+                                     
  |        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |        +--+                                  
  |           |  +----- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |           +--+                               
--+              |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei         
  |              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
  |                                              
  |           +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
  |  +--------+                                  
  |  |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **    
  |  |        +--+                               
  |  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  |  |           +--+                            
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **    
  |  |                                           
  +--+     +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
     |  +--+                                     
     |  |  |  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis      
     |  |  +--+                                  
     |  |     |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |     +--+                               
     |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
     |  |        +--+                            
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
        |                                        
        |        +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        |        |                               
        |  +-----+  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |     |  |                            
        |  |     +--+-- Anodonta_cygnea          
        |  |        |                            
        +--+        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
           |                                     
           |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
           |  +-----+                            
           |  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Lasmigona_costata        

Wu et al., 2018 [Publ 3836], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 49 29 4 33.0
           +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis  
  +--------+                                  
  |        |  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **  
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii **    
  |           +--+                            
  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **
  |              +--+                         
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_triformis ** 
--+                                           
  |           +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |           |                               
  |           +-------- Cristaria_plicata     
  |  +--------+                               
  |  |        |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
  |  |        |  +--+                         
  |  |        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica 
  |  |        +--+                            
  +--+           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida    
     |           +--+                         
     |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula    
     |                                        
     |  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea       
     |  |                                     
     +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina      
        |  |                                  
        +--+  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus  
           |  |                               
           +--+  +----- Platynaias_compressa  
              |  |                            
              +--+----- Alasmidonta_marginata 
                 |                            
                 |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta   
                 +--+                         
                    +-- Pyganodon_grandis     

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 40 24 4 33.0
           +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
  +--------+                                     
  |        |  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
  |        +--+                                  
  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |           +--+                               
  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
--+              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **    
  |                                              
  |  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati   
  |  |                                           
  |  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  +--+  +-----------+                            
     |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus   
     |  |                                        
     +--+        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]  
        |  +-----+                               
        |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]  
        |  |     +--+                            
        +--+        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
           |                                     
           |  +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei         
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis    

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 197 39 4 33.0
  +----------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati  
  |                                                      
  |                    +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
  |  +-----------------+                                 
  |  |                 |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |  |                 +--+                              
--+  |                    |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |  |                    +--+                           
  |  |                       +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **   
  |  |                                                   
  |  |     +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  |  |     |                                             
  |  |  +--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata       
  +--+  |  |  |                                          
     |  |  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis     
     |  |     |  |                                       
     |  |     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula      
     |  |        |  +--------+                           
     |  |        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida      
     |  |        +--+                                    
     |  |           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] 
     |  |           +--+                                 
     |  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi     
     +--+              +--+                              
        |                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica   
        |                 +--+                           
        |                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] 
        |                                                
        |                    +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
        |           +--------+                           
        |           |        +-- Lasmigona_costata       
        |           |                                    
        |           |     +----- Anodonta_anatina        
        |           +-----+                              
        |           |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
        +-----------+     +--+                           
                    |        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
                    |                                    
                    |     +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
                    |  +--+                              
                    |  |  |  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
                    |  |  +--+                           
                    +--+     +-- Strophitus_undulatus    
                       |                                 
                       |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
                       +--+                              
                          |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
                          +--+                           
                             +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 198 40 4 33.0
  +----------------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                             
  +----------------- Alasmidonta_marginata      
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina           
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                                             
  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
  |                                             
  +----------------- Lasmigona_costata          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                             
  +----------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
  |                                             
  +----------------- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
  |                                             
  +----------------- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |                                             
  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus     
  |                                             
  |              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |        +--+                                 
--+           |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **      
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus               
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  |        |                                    
  +--------+     +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  |        |  +--+                              
  |        |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_scripta      
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_heudei           
  |        |                                    
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |        |                                    
  +--------+-------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |        |                                    
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens        
  |        |                                    
  |        |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae      
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |  |                                          
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
     |  +--------+                              
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi        
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica      
              +--+                              
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3764], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 18 0 1 128 25 2 36.0
     +-- Unio_crassus             
     |                            
     +-- Unio_pictorum            
     |                            
     +-- Unio_tumidus             
     |                            
     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
     |                            
     +-- Cuneopsis_heudei         
  +--+                            
  |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |                               
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
--+  |                            
  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata        
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus     
  +--+                            
     +-- Sinanodonta_lauta        
     |                            
     +-- Cristaria_plicata        
     |                            
     +-- Cristaria_radiata        
     |                            
     +-- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |                            
     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |                            
     +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
     |                            
     +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
     |                            
     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **    
     |                            
     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **    

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 33 21 4 32.0
     +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **      
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
--+     +--+                              
  |        +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **      
  |                                       
  |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
  |  |                                    
  +--+  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[3]
     |  |                                 
     +--+  +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]
        |  |                              
        +--+-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
           |                              
           +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 54 24 4 32.0
                    +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
              +-----+                                    
              |     |  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta      
              |     +--+                                 
              |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
              |        +--+                              
  +-----------+           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  |           |                                          
  |           |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |           |  +-----+                                 
  |           |  |     |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |           |  |     +--+                              
  |           +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |              |                                       
  |              |  +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  |              +--+                                    
--+                 |  +----- Unio_crassus               
  |                 +--+                                 
  |                    |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |                                                      
  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  |  +-----------------+                                 
  |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                 +--+                              
  |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  +--+                                                   
     |  +-------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
     |  |                                                
     |  |           +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
     |  |           |                                    
     +--+  +--------+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
        |  |        |  +--+                              
        |  |        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
        |  |        +--+                                 
        +--+           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
           |           +--+                              
           |              +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
           |                                             
           |  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea            
           +--+                                          
              |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
              +--+                                       
                 |  +-------- Lasmigona_costata          
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   

Fukata & Iigo, 2020 [Publ 4106], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 51 25 4 32.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  |  +--------------+                                 
  |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  |              +--+                              
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
--+  |                                                
  |  |     +-------------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |  |     |                                          
  |  |     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |  |     |     |                                    
  |  |     |  +--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |  |  +--+  |  |  +--+                              
  +--+  |  |  |  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
     |  |  |  |  +--+                                 
     |  |  |  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
     |  |  |  |     +--+                              
     |  |  +--+        +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
     |  |     |                                       
     |  |     |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     |  |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
     |  |     |  |                                    
     |  |     +--+     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
     +--+        |  +--+                              
        |        |  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
        |        +--+                                 
        |           |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
        |           +--+                              
        |              +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
        |                                             
        |           +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
        |  +--------+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |  |        +--+                              
        |  |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
        |  |                                          
        +--+     +-------- Unio_tumidus               
           |  +--+                                    
           |  |  |  +----- Unio_crassus               
           |  |  +--+                                 
           |  |     |  +-- Unio_pictorum              
           |  |     +--+                              
           +--+        +-- Unio_delphinus             
              |                                       
              |        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
              |  +-----+                              
              |  |     +-- Cuneopsis_heudei           
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata   
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     

Fukata & Iigo, 2019 [Publ 4108], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 11 11 2 32.0
  +----------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
        +--+                              
           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 70 36 3 32.0
                          +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
                 +--------+                              
                 |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
                 |                                       
  +--------------+     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
  |              |  +--+                                 
  |              |  |  |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
  |              |  |  +--+                              
  |              +--+     +-- Platynaias_compressa       
  |                 |                                    
  |                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                 +--+                                 
--+                    |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                                                      
  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **      
  |  +-----------------+                                 
  |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                 +--+                              
  |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **      
  +--+                                                   
     |  +-------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
     |  |                                                
     |  |              +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
     |  |  +-----------+                                 
     +--+  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |  |           +--+                              
        |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
        |  |                                             
        +--+           +----- Unio_crassus               
           |  +--------+                                 
           |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
           |  |        +--+                              
           |  |           +-- Unio_pictorum              
           |  |                                          
           +--+     +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
              |  +--+                                    
              |  |  |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
              |  |  +--+                                 
              |  |     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      
              |  |     +--+                              
              +--+        +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]
                 |                                       
                 |        +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
                 |  +-----+                              
                 |  |     +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 69 35 3 32.0
                          +-- Anodonta_anatina           
                 +--------+                              
                 |        +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
                 |                                       
  +--------------+     +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |              |  +--+                                 
  |              |  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |              |  |  +--+                              
  |              +--+     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                 |                                    
  |                 |  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
  |                 +--+                                 
--+                    |  +-- Platynaias_compressa       
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
  |                                                      
  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **      
  |  +-----------------+                                 
  |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                 +--+                              
  |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **      
  +--+                                                   
     |  +-------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
     |  |                                                
     |  |              +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
     |  |  +-----------+                                 
     +--+  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |  |           +--+                              
        |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
        |  |                                             
        +--+           +----- Unio_crassus               
           |  +--------+                                 
           |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
           |  |        +--+                              
           |  |           +-- Unio_pictorum              
           |  |                                          
           +--+     +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
              |  +--+                                    
              |  |  |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
              |  |  +--+                                 
              |  |     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      
              |  |     +--+                              
              +--+        +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]
                 |                                       
                 |        +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
                 |     +--+                              
                 |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
                 +-----+                                 
                       |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 69 35 3 32.0
  +-------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                                      
  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1] **      
  |  +-----------------+                                 
--+  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                 +--+                              
  |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2] **      
  |  |                                                   
  +--+                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
     |  +--------------+                                 
     |  |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
     |  |              +--+                              
     |  |                 +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
     |  |                                                
     +--+              +----- Unio_crassus               
        |  +-----------+                                 
        |  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
        |  |           +--+                              
        |  |              +-- Unio_pictorum              
        +--+                                             
           |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
           |  +-----------+                              
           |  |           +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
           |  |                                          
           +--+           +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
              |  +--------+                              
              |  |        +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
              +--+                                       
                 |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]

Kim et al., 2021 [Publ 4197], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 12 11 3 32.0
        +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis     
  +-----+                                  
  |     |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
  |     +--+                               
  |        |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |        +--+                            
  |           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
--+                                        
  |     +-------- Unio_tumidus             
  |  +--+                                  
  |  |  |  +----- Unio_crassus             
  |  |  +--+                               
  |  |     |  +-- Unio_delphinus           
  |  |     +--+                            
  +--+        +-- Unio_pictorum            
     |                                     
     |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
     |     +--+                            
     |     |  +-- Nodularia_breviconcha    
     +-----+                               
           |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
           +--+                            
              +-- Cuneopsis_heudei         

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 36 36 4 32.0
                          +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **        
           +--------------+                                  
           |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **          
           |              +--+                               
           |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **      
  +--------+                                                 
  |        |  +----------------- Acuticosta_chinensis        
  |        |  |                                              
  |        |  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata           
  |        |  |        |                                     
  |        +--+  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana        
  |           |  |     |  +--+                               
  |           |  |     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida          
  |           |  |     +--+                                  
  |           |  |        |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis         
  |           +--+        +--+                               
  |              |           +-- Anemina_euscaphys           
  |              |                                           
  |              |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea             
  |              |  +--------+                               
  |              |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina            
  |              +--+                                        
--+                 |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa        
  |                 +--+                                     
  |                    |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis           
  |                    +--+                                  
  |                       |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis      
  |                       +--+                               
  |                          +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis    
  |                                                          
  |                    +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa      
  |                    |                                     
  |  +-----------------+     +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis 
  |  |                 |  +--+                               
  |  |                 |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana       
  |  |                 +--+                                  
  |  |                    |  +-- Aculamprotula_polysticta    
  |  |                    +--+                               
  |  |                       +-- Aculamprotula_scripta       
  +--+                                                       
     |                 +-------- Unio_tumidus                
     |  +--------------+                                     
     |  |              |  +----- Unio_crassus                
     |  |              +--+                                  
     |  |                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum               
     |  |                 +--+                               
     |  |                    +-- Unio_delphinus              
     +--+                                                    
        |                    +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata    
        |  +-----------------+                               
        |  |                 +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis
        |  |                                                 
        |  |                 +-- Nodularia_breviconcha       
        +--+  +--------------+                               
           |  |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae        
           |  |                                              
           |  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus   
           +--+  +-----------+                               
              |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus      
              |  |                                           
              |  |     +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens         
              +--+  +--+                                     
                 |  |  |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis       
                 |  |  +--+                                  
                 |  |     |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei            
                 +--+     +--+                               
                    |        +-- Cuneopsis_demangei          
                    |                                        
                    |  +-------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula      
                    +--+                                     
                       |  +----- Inversiunio_jokohamensis    
                       +--+                                  
                          |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus       
                          +--+                               
                             +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis    

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 71 33 4 32.0
           +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
  |        +--+                              
  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                          
--+        +-------- Cristaria_plicata       
  |        |                                 
  |  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |  |     |  +--+                           
  |  |     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  +--+        +--+                           
     |           +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
     |                                       
     |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  +--------+                           
     |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
              +--+                           
                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Konopleva et al., 2023 [Publ 4269], fig. S1, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 53 30 4 33.0
                 +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati  
  +--------------+                                 
  |              |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
  |              +--+                              
  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |                 +--+                           
--+                    +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **   
  |                                                
  |  +-------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  |  |                                             
  |  |              +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |  +-----------+                              
  +--+  |           |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     |  |           +--+                           
     |  |              +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  |                                          
     |  |        +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis     
     +--+  +-----+                                 
        |  |     |  +----- Amuranodonta_kijaensis  
        |  |     +--+                              
        |  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica    
        |  |        +--+                           
        |  |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini      
        +--+                                       
           |     +-------- Beringiana_beringiana   
           |  +--+                                 
           |  |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii   
           |  |  +--+                              
           |  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
           +--+     +--+                           
              |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta       
              |                                    
              |  +-------- Cristaria_radiata       
              |  |                                 
              +--+     +-- Cristaria_truncata      
                 |  +--+                           
                 |  |  +-- Cristaria_plicata       
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Cristaria_bellua        
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Cristaria_clessini      

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4296], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 20 18 3 32.0
  +-------------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis         
  |                                                              
  |                          +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **         
  |  +-----------------------+                                   
--+  |                       |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **       
  |  |                       +--+                                
  |  |                          +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **           
  |  |                                                           
  +--+                    +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata     
     |  +-----------------+                                      
     |  |                 |  +----- Lasmigona_costata            
     |  |                 +--+                                   
     |  |                    |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus         
     |  |                    +--+                                
     +--+                       +-- Pyganodon_grandis            
        |                                                        
        |  +----------------------- Unio_tumidus                 
        |  |                                                     
        |  |                    +-- Aculamprotula_scripta        
        +--+  +-----------------+                                
           |  |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis  
           |  |                                                  
           +--+                 +-- Cuneopsis_heudei             
              |  +--------------+                                
              |  |              +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens          
              |  |                                               
              +--+           +----- Nodularia_douglasiae         
                 |  +--------+                                   
                 |  |        |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus    
                 |  |        +--+                                
                 +--+           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus       
                    |                                            
                    |  +----------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula       
                    +--+                                         
                       |  +-------- Inversiunio_yanagawensis     
                       +--+                                      
                          |  +----- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata     
                          +--+                                   
                             |  +-- Pseudocuneopsis_yangshuoensis
                             +--+                                
                                +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis 

Liu et al., 2023 [Publ 4310], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 21 19 1 21 19 3 47.0
  +-------------------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis         
  |                                                                    
  |                                   +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **       
--+  +--------------------------------+                                
  |  |                                +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **           
  |  |                                                                 
  +--+  +-------------------------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **         
     |  |                                                              
     |  |                       +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata     
     |  |  +--------------------+                                      
     +--+  |                    |  +----- Lasmigona_costata            
        |  |                    +--+                                   
        |  |                       |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus         
        |  |                       +--+                                
        +--+                          +-- Pyganodon_grandis            
           |                                                           
           |  +-------------------------- Unio_tumidus                 
           |  |                                                        
           |  |                       +-- Aculamprotula_scripta        
           +--+  +--------------------+                                
              |  |                    +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis  
              |  |                                                     
              +--+                    +-- Cuneopsis_heudei             
                 |  +-----------------+                                
                 |  |                 +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens          
                 |  |                                                  
                 +--+              +----- Nodularia_douglasiae         
                    |  +-----------+                                   
                    |  |           |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus    
                    |  |           +--+                                
                    +--+              +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus       
                       |                                               
                       |  +-------------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula       
                       +--+                                            
                          |  +----------- Inversiunio_yanagawensis     
                          +--+                                         
                             |  +-------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata     
                             +--+                                      
                                |  +----- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis 
                                +--+                                   
                                   |  +-- Pseudocuneopsis_wuana        
                                   +--+                                
                                      +-- Pseudocuneopsis_yangshuoensis

Liu et al., 2023 [Publ 4310], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 21 14 1 21 19 3 44.0
  +-------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis         
  |                                                        
  |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_grayii **           
  |  |                                                     
--+  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **         
  |  |                                                     
  |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **       
  |  |                                                     
  +--+              +-------- Lasmigona_costata            
     |  +-----------+                                      
     |  |           |  +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata     
     |  |           +--+                                   
     |  |              |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis            
     |  |              +--+                                
     |  |                 +-- Strophitus_undulatus         
     +--+                                                  
        |  +----------------- Unio_tumidus                 
        |  |                                               
        |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis  
        |  +--------------+                                
        |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_scripta        
        |  |                                               
        +--+              +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens          
           |  +-----------+                                
           |  |           +-- Cuneopsis_heudei             
           |  |                                            
           |  |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae         
           |  +--------+                                   
           +--+        |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus    
              |        +--+                                
              |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus       
              |                                            
              |  +----------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula       
              |  |                                         
              +--+----------- Inversiunio_yanagawensis     
                 |                                         
                 |  +-------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata     
                 +--+                                      
                    |  +----- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis 
                    +--+                                   
                       |  +-- Pseudocuneopsis_wuana        
                       +--+                                
                          +-- Pseudocuneopsis_yangshuoensis

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-aa

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 93 44 4 32.0
           +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
  |        +--+                              
  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                          
  |           +----- Cristaria_plicata       
  |     +-----+                              
  |     |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
--+     |     +--+                           
  |  +--+        +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
  |  |  |                                    
  |  |  |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai    
  |  |  +--+                                 
  |  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens      
  |  |        +--+                           
  |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  +--+                                       
     |           +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
     |     +-----+                           
     |     |     +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     |  +--+                                 
     |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
     |  |  +--+                              
     |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  |     +--+                           
     |  |        +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
     +--+                                    
        |     +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
        |  |  +--+                           
        |  |     +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
        +--+                                 
           |     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
           |  +--+                           
           |  |  +-- Platynaias_compressa    
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
              +--+                           
                 +-- Lasmigona_complanata    

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-nt

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 94 45 4 32.0
                 +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +--------------+                                 
  |              |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
  |              +--+                              
  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                                
  |        +-------------- Cristaria_plicata       
--+        |                                       
  |  +-----+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  |  |     |  +--------+                           
  |  |     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
  |  |     +--+                                    
  |  |        |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai    
  |  |        +--+                                 
  |  |           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  |  |           +--+                              
  +--+              |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens      
     |              +--+                           
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
     |                                             
     |  +----------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
     |  |                                          
     |  +----------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     |  |                                          
     +--+  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea         
        |  |                                       
        |  |           +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
        |  +-----------+                           
        |  |           +-- Anodonta_anatina        
        +--+                                       
           |        +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           |  +-----+                              
           |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           |  |     +--+                           
           +--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
              |                                    
              |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
              +--+                                 
                 |  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Platynaias_compressa    

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8a, S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 89 44 4 32.0
                 +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +--------------+                                 
  |              |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
  |              +--+                              
  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                                
  |        +-------------- Cristaria_plicata       
  |        |                                       
--+  +-----+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  |  |     |  +--------+                           
  |  |     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
  |  |     +--+                                    
  |  |        |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai    
  |  |        +--+                                 
  |  |           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  |  |           +--+                              
  |  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens      
  +--+              +--+                           
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
     |                                             
     |           +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     |  +--------+                                 
     |  |        |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
     |  |        +--+                              
     |  |           |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  |           +--+                           
     +--+              +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
        |                                          
        |  +-------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
        |  |                                       
        |  |        +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+  +-----+                              
           |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           |  |     +--+                           
           +--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
              |                                    
              |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
              +--+                                 
                 |  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Platynaias_compressa    

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8b, S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 89 44 4 32.0
                 +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +--------------+                                 
  |              |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola **    
  |              +--+                              
  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                                
  |        +-------------- Cristaria_plicata       
--+        |                                       
  |  +-----+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  |  |     |  +--------+                           
  |  |     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
  |  |     +--+                                    
  |  |        |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai    
  |  |        +--+                                 
  |  |           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  |  |           +--+                              
  +--+              |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens      
     |              +--+                           
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
     |                                             
     |  +----------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
     |  |                                          
     |  |        +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     |  |  +-----+                                 
     +--+  |     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
        |  |     +--+                              
        |  |        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
        |  |        +--+                           
        +--+           +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
           |                                       
           |        +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           |  +-----+                              
           |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           |  |     +--+                           
           +--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
              |                                    
              |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
              +--+                                 
                 |  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Platynaias_compressa    

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 32 12 4 --
     +----- Acuticosta_ovata         
  +--+                               
  |  |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |  +--+                            
  |     +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
--+                                  
  |     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |  +--+                            
  |  |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  +--+                               
     |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
     +--+                            
        +-- Lepidodesma_languilati   

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 32 12 4 --
  +-------- Strophitus_radiatus      
  |                                  
  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |                                  
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati   
  |                                  
  +-------- Acuticosta_ovata         
  |                                  
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Cristaria_plicata        
--+                                  
  |     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  |                                  
  |     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |                                  
  |  +----- Utterbackia_imbecillis   
  |  |                               
  +--+----- Utterbackiana_couperiana 
     |                               
     |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata  
     +--+                            
        +-- Lasmigona_costata        

Zhou et al., 2007 [Publ 2658], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 21 13 3 --
        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus   
  |                                  
--+     +-- Lanceolaria_triformis **    
  |  +--+                            
  |  |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  +--+                               
     |  +-- Acuticosta_ovata         
     +--+                            
        +-- Acuticosta_chinensis     

Zhang et al., 2004 [Publ 2735], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 12 10 3 --
                 +----- Acuticosta_chinensis     
  +--------------+                               
  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |              +--+                            
--+                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  |                                              
  |  +----------------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  +--+                                           
     |  +-------------- Cuneopsis_heudei         
     +--+                                        
        |  +----------- Nodularia_douglasiae     
        +--+                                     
           |  +-------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata 
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus   

Ouyang et al., 2011 [Publ 3408], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 4 0 1 11 7 3 32.0
        +----- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  +-----+                            
  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica 
  |     +--+                         
  |        +-- Sinanodonta_pacifica  
--+                                  
  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae  
  |  +-----+                         
  |  |     +-- Cuneopsis_heudei      
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii **    
     |  |                            
     +--+----- Acuticosta_chinensis  
        |                            
        |  +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **  
        +--+                         
           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa

Xue et al., 2016 [Publ 3659], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 14 10 2 --
              +-- Cristaria_plicata        
        +-----+                            
        |     +-- Platynaias_compressa     
        |                                  
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis      
  |     |  +--+                            
  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys        
  |     +--+                               
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
--+        +--+                            
  |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |                                        
  |           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  |  +--------+                            
  |  |        +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  +--+                                     
     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
     +--+                                  
        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
        +--+                               
           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
           +--+                            
              +-- Unio_pictorum            

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 139 25 2 --
                    +----- Unio_tumidus             
           +--------+                               
           |        |  +-- Unio_pictorum            
           |        +--+                            
           |           +-- Unio_crassus             
  +--------+                                        
  |        |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |        |  |                                     
  |        |  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |        +--+  +-----+                            
  |           |  |     +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
  |           |  |                                  
  |           +--+     +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
  |              |  +--+                            
  |              |  |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei         
  |              +--+                               
--+                 |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |                 +--+                            
  |                    +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |                                                 
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |  +-----------------+                            
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
  |  |                                              
  |  |                 +-- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |        +--------+                            
  |  |        |        +-- Cristaria_radiata        
  +--+  +-----+                                     
     |  |     |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |     +--+                                  
     |  |        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |  |        +--+                               
     |  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
     +--+           +--+                            
        |              +-- Sinanodonta_lauta        
        |                                           
        |  +-------------- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |                                        
        |  |        +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        +--+  +-----+                               
           |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
           |  |     +--+                            
           |  |        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
           +--+                                     
              |        +-- Lasmigona_costata        
              |  +-----+                            
              |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
              +--+                                  
                 |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
                 +--+                               
                    |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
                    +--+                            
                       +-- Strophitus_undulatus     

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 139 25 2 --
              +----- Unio_tumidus             
        +-----+                               
        |     |  +-- Unio_crassus             
        |     +--+                            
        |        +-- Unio_pictorum            
  +-----+                                     
  |     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |     |  |                                  
  |     |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |     |  |                                  
  |     +--+     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |        +-----+                            
  |        |     +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
  |        |                                  
  |        |  +----- Cuneopsis_heudei         
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |           +--+                            
--+              +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
  |                                           
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |  +-----------+                            
  |  |           +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
  |  |                                        
  |  |           +-- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |  +--------+                            
  |  |  |        +-- Cristaria_radiata        
  |  +--+                                     
  |  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
  |  |  +--+                                  
  |  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
  +--+     +--+                               
     |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta        
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
     |                                        
     |     +-------- Anodonta_anatina         
     |     |                                  
     |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
     |     |                                  
     |     |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
     +-----+-----+                            
           |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
           |                                  
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
           |  |                               
           |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
           +--+                               
              +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
              |                               
              |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
              +--+                            
                 +-- Lasmigona_costata        

Fonseca et al., 2016 [Publ 3775], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 30 17 2 --
                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
     +-----------+                            
     |           +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
     |                                        
  +--+           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |  |  +--------+                            
  |  |  |        +-- Aculamprotula_coreana    
  |  |  |                                     
  |  +--+        +-- Unio_pictorum            
  |     |  +-----+                            
  |     |  |     +-- Unio_delphinus           
  |     +--+                                  
  |        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |        +--+                               
--+           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |           +--+                            
  |              +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |                                           
  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata        
  |        |                                  
  |  +-----+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys        
  |  |     |  +--+                            
  |  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis      
  |  |     +--+                               
  +--+        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |                                        
     |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa     
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
              +--+                            
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3792], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 31 17 2 --
                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
     +-----------+                            
     |           +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
     |                                        
  +--+           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |  |  +--------+                            
  |  |  |        +-- Aculamprotula_coreana    
  |  |  |                                     
  |  +--+        +-- Unio_delphinus           
  |     |  +-----+                            
  |     |  |     +-- Unio_pictorum            
  |     +--+                                  
  |        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |        +--+                               
--+           |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |           +--+                            
  |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |                                           
  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
  |  +--+                                     
  |  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa     
  |  |  +--+                                  
  |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
  |  |     +--+                               
  +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   
     |                                        
     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata        
     |     |                                  
     +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
           |  +--+                            
           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis      
              +--+                            
                 +-- Anemina_euscaphys        

Bolotov et al., 2018 [Publ 3826], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 83 16 2 --
                    +----- Unio_tumidus           
                 +--+                             
                 |  |  +-- Unio_crassus           
                 |  +--+                          
  +--------------+     +-- Unio_pictorum          
  |              |                                
  |              |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]
  |              +--+                             
  |                 |  +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae  
  |                 +--+                          
--+                    +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]
  |                                               
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **   
  |  +-----------------+                          
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **     
  |  |                                            
  |  |           +-------- Cristaria_plicata      
  +--+  +--------+                                
     |  |        |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis    
     |  |        +--+                             
     |  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
     +--+           +--+                          
        |              +-- Sinanodonta_lauta      
        |                                         
        |  +-------------- Anodonta_anatina       
        +--+                                      
           |  +----------- Pyganodon_grandis      
           +--+                                   
              |  +-------- Simpsonaias_ambigua    
              +--+                                
                 |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus   
                 +--+                             
                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata  
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Lasmigona_costata      

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017 [Publ 3837], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 22 22 3 --
                 +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
                 |                                    
           +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
           |     |  +--+                              
           |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
           |     +--+                                 
           |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  +--------+        +--+                              
  |        |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
  |        |                                          
  |        |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |        |  +--------+                              
  |        |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
  |        +--+                                       
  |           |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa       
  |           +--+                                    
--+              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |              +--+                                 
  |                 |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                                                   
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  +-----------------+                              
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  |                                                
  +--+  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
     |  |                                             
     |  |           +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
     +--+  +--------+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |  |        +--+                              
        |  |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
        +--+                                          
           |        +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
           |  +-----+                                 
           |  |     |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
           |  |     +--+                              
           +--+        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
              |                                       
              |  +-------- Unio_tumidus               
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Unio_crassus               
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Unio_pictorum              
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Unio_delphinus             

Wang et al., 2018 [Publ 3846], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 30 16 2 --
                 +----- Anodonta_anatina           
           +-----+                                 
           |     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
           |     +--+                              
  +--------+        +-- Platynaias_compressa       
  |        |                                       
  |        |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |        |  |                                    
  |        +--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
  |           |  +--+                              
  |           |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |           +--+                                 
--+              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  +--------------+                              
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                                             
  +--+  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
     |  |                                          
     |  |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae       
     +--+  +-----+                                 
        |  |     |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
        |  |     +--+                              
        +--+        +-- Cuneopsis_heudei           
           |                                       
           |  +-------- Unio_tumidus               
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Unio_crassus               
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum              
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Unio_delphinus             

Aunins et al., 2018 [Publ 3863], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 39 25 4 --
              +----- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +-----------+                              
  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                          
  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata       
--+        |                                 
  |  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  |  |     |  +--+                           
  |  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |  |        +--+                           
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida      
     |                                       
     |           +-- Anodonta_anatina        
     |  +--------+                           
     |  |        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  |                                    
     +--+        +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
        |  +-----+                           
        |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
              +--+                           
                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2019 [Publ 3864], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 45 25 4 --
              +----- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +-----------+                              
  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                          
--+     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  +--+                                    
  |  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  |  +--+                                 
  |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |  |     +--+                              
  +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     |        +--+                           
     |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     |                                       
     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata       
     |     |                                 
     +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
           |  +--+                           
           |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida      
              +--+                           
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    

Wang et al., 2018 [Publ 3865], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 30 16 3 --
           +----- Acuticosta_chinensis  
  +--------+                            
  |        |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **    
  |        +--+                         
  |           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **
--+                                     
  |        +----- Anodonta_anatina      
  |  +-----+                            
  |  |     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
  |  |     +--+                         
  +--+        +-- Platynaias_compressa  
     |                                  
     |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata     
     |  |                               
     +--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys     
        |  +--+                         
        |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
           +--+                         
              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida    

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 43 21 3 --
                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
        +--------+                                 
        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  +-----+                                          
  |     |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |     |  |     |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |     +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |        |                                       
  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +----- Unio_crassus               
--+           +--+                                 
  |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  +--------------+                              
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  |                                             
  |  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
  +--+        |                                    
     |  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
     |  |     |  +--+                              
     |  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
     |  |     +--+                                 
     +--+        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
        |                                          
        |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
        +--+                                       
           |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata       
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 43 21 3 --
                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
        +--------+                                 
        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  +-----+                                          
  |     |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |     |  |     |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |     +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |        |                                       
  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +----- Unio_crassus               
--+           +--+                                 
  |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  +--------------+                              
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  |                                             
  |  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
  +--+  +--+                                       
     |  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata       
     |  |  +--+                                    
     |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |  |     +--+                                 
     +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
        |                                          
        |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
        |     |                                    
        +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
              |  +--+                              
              |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Anemina_euscaphys          

Bolotov et al., 2020 [Publ 4084], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 34 17 2 --
              +----------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica
  +-----------+                                      
  |           |  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae      
  |           +--+                                   
  |              |  +----- Unio_tumidus              
  |              +--+                                
  |                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum             
  |                 +--+                             
--+                    +-- Unio_crassus              
  |                                                  
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **        
  |  +-----------------+                             
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria **               
  |  |                                               
  |  |              +----- Anodonta_anatina          
  +--+  +-----------+                                
     |  |           |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata  
     |  |           +--+                             
     |  |              +-- Anodonta_cygnea           
     |  |                                            
     +--+        +-------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis    
        |  +-----+                                   
        |  |     |  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis       
        |  |     +--+                                
        |  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica      
        +--+        +--+                             
           |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini        
           |                                         
           |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata         
           +--+                                      
              |  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana     
              +--+                                   
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii     
                 +--+                                
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta         
                    +--+                             
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana      

Riccardi et al., 2019 [Publ 4089], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 18 16 2 --
                       +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
                    +--+                           
                    |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  +-----------------+                              
  |                 |  +-- Unio_mancus             
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Unio_elongatulus        
  |                                                
  |              +-------- Cristaria_plicata       
--+              |                                 
  |  +-----------+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
  |  |           |  +--+                           
  |  |           |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  |  |           +--+                              
  |  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  +--+              +--+                           
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
     |                                             
     |  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina        
     |  |                                          
     |  |           +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     +--+  +--------+                              
        |  |        |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
        |  |        +--+                           
        +--+           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
           |                                       
           |  +----------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
           +--+                                    
              |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
              +--+                                 
                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Wu et al., 2020 [Publ 4121], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 48 26 4 --
              +----- Acuticosta_chinensis    
  +-----------+                              
  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
  |                                          
--+     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  +--+                                    
  |  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  |  +--+                                 
  |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |  |     +--+                              
  +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     |        +--+                           
     |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     |                                       
     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata       
     |     |                                 
     +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
           |  +--+                           
           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
              +--+                           
                 +-- Anemina_euscaphys       

Zieritz et al., 2021 [Publ 4231], fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 47 21 3 --
                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
        +--------+                                 
        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  +-----+                                          
  |     |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |     |  |     |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |     +--+        +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |        |                                       
  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +----- Unio_crassus               
--+           +--+                                 
  |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  +--------------+                              
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  |                                             
  |  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
  +--+  +--+                                       
     |  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa       
     |  |  +--+                                    
     |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |  |     +--+                                 
     +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
        |                                          
        |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
        |     |                                    
        +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
              |  +--+                              
              |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Anemina_euscaphys          

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 74 24 2 --
                 +----- Unio_tumidus             
     +-----------+                               
     |           |  +-- Unio_pictorum            
     |           +--+                            
  +--+              +-- Unio_crassus             
  |  |                                           
  |  |  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |  |  |                                        
  |  +--+           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |     |  +--------+                            
  |     |  |        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
  |     +--+                                     
  |        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |        +--+                                  
  |           |  +----- Cuneopsis_heudei         
--+           +--+                               
  |              |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
  |                                              
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |  +--------------+                            
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
  |  |                                           
  |  |     +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |  +--+                                     
  +--+  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |  +--+                                  
     |  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |  |     +--+                               
     |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta        
     |  |        +--+                            
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
        |                                        
        |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        |  +--+                                  
        |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
        |  |  +--+                               
        |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |     +--+                            
        +--+        +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
           |                                     
           |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
           |  +-----+                            
           |  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Lasmigona_costata        

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 74 24 2 --
                 +----- Unio_tumidus             
     +-----------+                               
     |           |  +-- Unio_pictorum            
     |           +--+                            
  +--+              +-- Unio_crassus             
  |  |                                           
  |  |  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |  |  |                                        
  |  +--+           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae     
  |     |  +--------+                            
  |     |  |        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
  |     +--+                                     
  |        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |        +--+                                  
  |           |  +----- Cuneopsis_heudei         
--+           +--+                               
  |              |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula   
  |              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
  |                                              
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |  +--------------+                            
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **     
  |  |                                           
  |  |     +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |  +--+                                     
  +--+  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |  +--+                                  
     |  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |  |     +--+                               
     |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
     |  |        +--+                            
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta        
        |                                        
        |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        |  +--+                                  
        |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |  +--+                               
        |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
        |  |     +--+                            
        +--+        +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
           |                                     
           |        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
           |  +-----+                            
           |  |     +-- Lasmigona_costata        
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus     
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022 [Publ 4263], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 34 13 4 --
                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        +--------+                              
        |        +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  +-----+                                       
  |     |  +-------- Unio_pictorum              
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |                                             
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
  +--+                                          
     |  +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
     |  |                                       
     +--+        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
        |  +-----+                              
        |  |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Cristaria_plicata          
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
              +--+                              
                 +-- Anemina_euscaphys          

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022 [Publ 4263], fig. S5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 37 15 4 --
           +----- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **       
--+                                          
  |        +----- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
  |  |     +--+                              
  +--+        +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
     |                                       
     |  +-------- Unio_pictorum              
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
           +--+                              
              +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 26 0 1 38 29 4 43.0
                             +-- Anemina_arcaeformis         
  +--------------------------+                               
  |                          +-- Amuranodonta_kijaensis      
  |                                                          
  |                       +----- Pletholophus_tenuis         
  |  +--------------------+                                  
  |  |                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi         
--+  |                    +--+                               
  |  |                       +-- Beringiana_beringiana       
  |  |                                                       
  |  |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **        
  |  |  |                                                    
  |  |  +----------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis        
  +--+  |                                                    
     |  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati      
     |  |                                                    
     |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_oxyrhyncha **      
     |  |                                                    
     |  +----------------------- Cristaria_plicata           
     |  |                                                    
     |  |                    +-- Alasmidonta_marginata       
     +--+                 +--+                               
        |                 |  +-- Lasmigona_costata           
        +-----------------+                                  
        |                 |  +-- Anodonta_anatina            
        |                 +--+                               
        |                    +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata    
        |                                                    
        |  +-------------------- Aculamprotula_fibrosa       
        |  |                                                 
        |  |              +----- Middendorffinaia_mongolica  
        |  |  +-----------+                                  
        +--+  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae        
           |  |           +--+                               
           |  |              +-- Nodularia_breviconcha       
           |  |                                              
           |  |              +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis       
           +--+  +-----------+                               
              |  |           +-- Cuneopsis_heudei            
              |  |                                           
              |  |           +-- Diaurora_aurorea            
              |  |        +--+                               
              |  |        |  +-- Diaurora_laeve              
              |  +--------+                                  
              +--+        |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus   
                 |        +--+                               
                 |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus      
                 |                                           
                 |           +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis
                 |  +--------+                               
                 |  |        +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata    
                 |  |                                        
                 +--+        +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis    
                    |  +-----+                               
                    |  |     +-- Inversiunio_reinianus       
                    +--+                                     
                       |  +----- Tchangsinaia_piscicula      
                       +--+                                  
                          |  +-- Unio_pictorum               
                          +--+                               
                             +-- Unio_crassus                

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 38 29 4 --
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati      
  |                                                    
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola **        
  |     +--------------+                               
  |     |              +-- Lanceolaria_oxyrhyncha **      
  |     |                                              
  |     |              +-- Alasmidonta_marginata       
  +-----+           +--+                               
  |     |           |  +-- Lasmigona_costata           
  |     |  +--------+                                  
  |     |  |        |  +-- Anodonta_anatina            
  |     |  |        +--+                               
  |     +--+           +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata    
  |        |                                           
  |        |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata           
--+        |  |                                        
  |        +--+        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis         
  |           |  +-----+                               
  |           |  |     +-- Amuranodonta_kijaensis      
  |           +--+                                     
  |              |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis         
  |              +--+                                  
  |                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi         
  |                 +--+                               
  |                    +-- Beringiana_beringiana       
  |                                                    
  |  +-------------------- Aculamprotula_fibrosa       
  |  |                                                 
  |  |              +----- Middendorffinaia_mongolica  
  |  |  +-----------+                                  
  +--+  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae        
     |  |           +--+                               
     |  |              +-- Nodularia_breviconcha       
     |  |                                              
     |  |              +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis       
     +--+  +-----------+                               
        |  |           +-- Cuneopsis_heudei            
        |  |                                           
        |  |           +-- Diaurora_aurorea            
        |  |        +--+                               
        |  |        |  +-- Diaurora_laeve              
        |  +--------+                                  
        +--+        |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus   
           |        +--+                               
           |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus      
           |                                           
           |           +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis
           |  +--------+                               
           |  |        +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata    
           |  |                                        
           +--+        +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis    
              |  +-----+                               
              |  |     +-- Inversiunio_reinianus       
              +--+                                     
                 |  +----- Tchangsinaia_piscicula      
                 +--+                                  
                    |  +-- Unio_pictorum               
                    +--+                               
                       +-- Unio_crassus                

Plazzi et al., 2011 [Publ 3676], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 8 2 --
-- Lanceolaria_grayii

Zhou et al., 2017 [Publ 3788], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 6 2 --
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **     
  |                                    
--+     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
     +--+                              
        +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 16 2 --
                       +-- Cristaria_plicata          
           +-----------+                              
           |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai        
  +--------+                                          
  |        |  +----------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |        |  |                                       
  |        +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens         
  |           |  +-----+                              
  |           |  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lauta          
  |           +--+                                    
--+              |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai       
  |              +--+                                 
  |                 |  +-- Beringiana_japonica        
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +-- Beringiana_beringiana      
  |                                                   
  |  +-------------------- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  |                                                
  +--+                 +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
     |  +--------------+                              
     |  |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
     +--+                                             
        |  +-------------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
        +--+                                          
           |  +----------- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]
           +--+                                       
              |  +-------- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[3]
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[4]
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 9 2 --
           +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +--------+                                  
  |        |  +----- Anodonta_anatina         
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
--+           +--+                            
  |              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Unio_tumidus             
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Unio_crassus             
              +--+                            
                 +-- Unio_delphinus           

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018 [Publ 3862], fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 9 2 --
              +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
              |                              
  +-----------+----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |           |                              
  |           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+           +--+                           
  |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |                                          
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  +--+                                       
     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa  
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus            
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Unio_crassus            
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Unio_pictorum           
              +--+                           
                 +-- Unio_delphinus          

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018 [Publ 3862], fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 9 2 --
  +----------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **  
  |                                          
  |        +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
--+  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  +--+        +--+                           
     |           +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     |                                       
     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa  
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus            
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Unio_crassus            
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Unio_pictorum           
              +--+                           
                 +-- Unio_delphinus          

Cha et al., 2018 [Publ 3916], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 21 3 --
                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
        +--------+                                 
        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
  +-----+                                          
  |     |        +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |     |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |     +--+        +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |        |                                       
  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  |        +--+                                    
--+           |  +----- Unio_crassus               
  |           +--+                                 
  |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |                                                
  |  +----------------- Lanceolaria_grayii **         
  |  |                                             
  |  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
  |  |  +--+                                       
  +--+  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa       
     |  |  +--+                                    
     |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |  |     +--+                                 
     +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
        |        +--+                              
        |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
        |                                          
        |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
        |     |                                    
        +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
              |  +--+                              
              |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       

Pfeiffer et al., 2019 [Publ 3937], fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 7 2 --
  +----------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **
  |                                  
  |     +----- Unio_gibbus           
--+  +--+                            
  |  |  |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae  
  |  |  +--+                         
  |  |     +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula
  +--+                               
     |     +-- Cristaria_plicata     
     |  +--+                         
     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea       
        +--+                         
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis     

Pfeiffer et al., 2019 [Publ 3937], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 7 2 --
     +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **
  +--+                               
  |  |  +----- Unio_gibbus           
  |  +--+                            
  |     |  +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula
  |     +--+                         
--+        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae  
  |                                  
  |        +-- Cristaria_plicata     
  |     +--+                         
  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
  +-----+                            
        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea       
        +--+                         
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis     

Liu et al., 2017 [Publ 3939], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 15 3 --
  +-------------------- Lanceolaria_grayii **       
  |                                              
  |              +----- Unio_tumidus             
  |              |                               
--+  +-----------+----- Unio_gibbus              
  |  |           |                               
  |  |           |  +-- Unio_crassus             
  |  |           +--+                            
  |  |              +-- Unio_pictorum            
  +--+                                           
     |  +-------------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
     |  |                                        
     |  |           +-- Cuneopsis_heudei         
     |  +-----------+                            
     +--+           +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens      
        |                                        
        |  +----------- Nodularia_breviconcha    
        |  |                                     
        +--+  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae[3]  
           |  |                                  
           +--+  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]  
              |  |                               
              +--+  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]  
                 |  |                            
                 +--+-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae    
                    |                            
                    +-- Nodularia_nipponensis    

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020 [Publ 4120], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 36 32 2 --
  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae 
--+                           
  |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **   
  +--+                        
     +-- Inversiunio_reinianus

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 12 2 --
     +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  +--+                                        
  |  |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
  |  +--+                                     
  |     |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  |     +--+                                  
  |        |  +----- Unio_tumidus             
--+        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Unio_crassus             
  |           +--+                            
  |              +-- Unio_delphinus           
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |  |                                        
  +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
     |  |                                     
     +--+        +-- Platynaias_compressa     
        |  +-----+                            
        |  |     +-- Platynaias_subviridis    
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
              +--+                            
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 9 2 --
           +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +--------+                                  
  |        |  +----- Anodonta_anatina         
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
--+           +--+                            
  |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Unio_tumidus             
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Unio_crassus             
              +--+                            
                 +-- Unio_delphinus           

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 12 2 --
              +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
  +-----------+                                  
  |           |  +----- Unio_tumidus             
  |           +--+                               
  |              |  +-- Unio_crassus             
--+              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Unio_delphinus           
  |                                              
  |  +----------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  |  |                                           
  +--+  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
     |  |                                        
     +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |                                     
        +--+        +-- Platynaias_compressa     
           |  +-----+                            
           |  |     +-- Platynaias_subviridis    
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 9 2 --
                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
              +--+                            
              |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
  +-----------+                               
  |           |  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
  |           +--+                            
--+              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **   
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa   
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Unio_tumidus             
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Unio_crassus             
              +--+                            
                 +-- Unio_delphinus           

Teiga-Teixeira et al., 2020 [Publ 4173], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 0 0 --
-- Lanceolaria_grayii

Kano et al., 2019 [Publ 4194], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 5 2 --
  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii **      
--+                              
  |  +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis
  +--+                           
     +-- Nodularia_nipponensis   

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 2e

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 16 2 --
                    +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana        
  +-----------------+                                     
  |                 |  +----- Anodonta_anatina            
  |                 +--+                                  
  |                    |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis    
--+                    +--+                               
  |                       +-- Pyganodon_grandis           
  |                                                       
  |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata **      
  |  |                                                    
  +--+  +-------------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa      
     |  |                                                 
     |  |              +----- Unio_tumidus                
     +--+  +-----------+                                  
        |  |           |  +-- Unio_crassus                
        |  |           +--+                               
        |  |              +-- Unio_delphinus              
        +--+                                              
           |              +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis
           |  +-----------+                               
           |  |           +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata    
           +--+                                           
              |  +----------- Nodularia_douglasiae        
              |  |                                        
              +--+  +-------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula      
                 |  |                                     
                 +--+     +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis       
                    |  +--+                               
                    |  |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei            
                    +--+                                  
                       |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus   
                       +--+                               
                          +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus      

Dai et al., 2023 [Publ 4285], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 52 16 4 --
              +-- Acuticosta_chinensis  
  +-----------+                         
  |           +-- Lanceolaria_grayii **    
  |                                     
--+        +----- Cristaria_plicata     
  |  +-----+                            
  |  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |  |     +--+                         
  +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
     |                                  
     |  +-------- Anodonta_cygnea       
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Platynaias_compressa  
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
           +--+                         
              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis

Dai et al., 2024 [Publ 4358], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 51 26 4 --
              +----------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola **         
              |                                               
  +-----------+  +-------------- Acuticosta_chinensis         
  |           |  |                                            
  |           |  |        +----- Cristaria_plicata            
  |           +--+  +-----+                                   
  |              |  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis          
  |              |  |     +--+                                
  |              +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana         
  |                 |                                         
  |                 |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina             
  |                 +--+                                      
--+                    |  +----- Platynaias_compressa         
  |                    +--+                                   
  |                       |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis            
  |                       +--+                                
  |                          +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis       
  |                                                           
  |                          +-- Aculamprotula_scripta        
  |  +-----------------------+                                
  |  |                       +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis  
  |  |                                                        
  |  |                       +-- Unio_crassus                 
  +--+  +--------------------+                                
     |  |                    +-- Unio_delphinus               
     |  |                                                     
     |  |              +-------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata     
     +--+  +-----------+                                      
        |  |           |  +----- Pseudocuneopsis_yangshuoensis
        |  |           +--+                                   
        |  |              |  +-- Pseudocuneopsis_yemaoi       
        |  |              +--+                                
        +--+                 +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis 
           |                                                  
           |                 +-- Nodularia_breviconcha        
           |  +--------------+                                
           |  |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae         
           |  |                                               
           +--+              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus    
              |  +-----------+                                
              |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus       
              +--+                                            
                 |  +----------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula       
                 +--+                                         
                    |  +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens          
                    +--+                                      
                       |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis        
                       +--+                                   
                          |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei             
                          +--+                                
                             +-- Cuneopsis_demangei           

Page updated: 08:51:03 Mon 06 May 2024

 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."