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Page last updated
Fri 02 Dec 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

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Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Alasmidontina

genus Lasmigona Rafinesque, 1831: cladomics
     8 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 8

analyzed in 81 cladograms in 54 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 7, mean = 1.64

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 24
maximum number of included species = 7, mean = 3.17
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.42


King et al., 1999, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 9 2 7 2 2 2 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

        +-- Lasmigona_complanata **   
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lasmigona_costata **      
  |                                
--+  +----- Alasmidonta_heterodon  
  |  |                             
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus   
  |  |                             
  +--+  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **    
     |  |                          
     |  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis[1] **
     |  |                          
     +--+-- Lasmigona_subviridis[2] **
        |                          
        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis[3] **
        |                          
        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis[4] **

Smith et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 15 7 --

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

           +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata         
  +--------+                                   
  |        +-- Lasmigona_etowaensis **            
  |                                            
--+        +-- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis
  |  +-----+                                   
  |  |     +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus       
  |  |                                         
  +--+     +-- Utterbackiana_couperiana        
     |  +--+                                   
     |  |  +-- Utterbackiana_heardi            
     +--+                                      
        |  +-- Utterbackiana_hartfieldorum     
        +--+                                   
           +-- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata     

King et al., 1999, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 7 4 5 4 4 3 5.0
              +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Pyganodon_fragilis   
  |                                    
--+        +----- Lasmigona_costata **    
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     |  +-- Lasmigona_complanata ** 
  |  |     +--+                        
  +--+        +-- Lasmigona_alabamensis **
     |                                 
     |  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Alasmidonta_heterodon
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis ** 
           +--+                        
              +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Inoue et al., 2018, fig. 1, 3a-c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 21 0 5 199 12 6 18.0
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
  |                              
  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon      
  |                              
  +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
  |                              
  +-- Beringiana_beringiana      
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_kennerlyi         
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_confragosus       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_wheeleri          
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata **       
  |                              
--+-- Lasmigona_compressa **        
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_costata **          
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_decorata **         
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **       
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
  |                              
  +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus  
  |                              
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]

Breton et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 12 9 4 35 8 4 9.0
                 +-- Lasmigona_complanata **       
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Lasmigona_costata **          
  |                                             
--+  +-------------- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |  |                                          
  |  |           +-- Lasmigona_compressa **        
  |  |        +--+                              
  +--+        |  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **       
     |  +-----+                                 
     |  |     |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
     |  |     +--+                              
     |  |        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
     +--+                                       
        |        +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
        |  +-----+                              
        |  |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
              +--+                              
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Inoue et al., 2014, fig. 3A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 15 12 4 17 11 6 12.0
        +----------- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus  
  +-----+                                       
  |     |  +-------- Lasmigona_costata **          
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +----- Lasmigona_complanata **       
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Arcidens_confragosus       
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Arcidens_wheeleri          
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |  |                                          
  |  |     +-------- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |  |  +--+                                    
  +--+  |  |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
     |  |  +--+                                 
     |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
     |  |     +--+                              
     +--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
        |                                       
        |        +-- Lasmigona_compressa **        
        |  +-----+                              
        |  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **       
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata      
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
              +--+                              
                 +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa       

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 7 4 4 35 8 4 6.0
              +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
        +-----+                              
        |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
  +-----+                                    
  |     |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |        +--+                              
--+           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                                          
  |           +-- Lasmigona_costata **          
  |  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Lasmigona_complanata **       
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus       
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **        
           +--+                              
              +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **       

Chong et al., 2008, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 21 10 3 18 5 4 20.0
  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea          
  |                                           
  +----------------- Pyganodon_fragilis       
  |                                           
  +----------------- Lasmigona_holstonia **      
  |                                           
  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina         
  |                                           
  +----------------- Unio_tumidus             
  |                                           
  |              +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
  +--------------+                            
  |              +-- Anodonta_californiensis  
  |                                           
--+              +-- Beringiana_beringiana    
  +--------------+                            
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |                                           
  |              +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus
  |              |                            
  +--------------+-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
  |              |                            
  |              +-- Lasmigona_complanata **     
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
  |  |                                        
  |  |        +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
  |  +--------+                               
  +--+        |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon    
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Lasmigona_compressa **      
     |                                        
     |  +----------- Anodonta_oregonensis[4]  
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Anodonta_oregonensis[3]  
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Anodonta_oregonensis[2]  
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis[1]  
              +--+                            
                 +-- Anodonta_kennerlyi       

Krebs et al., 2003, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 10 5 3 31 6 5 7.0
  +----------- Utterbackiana_couperiana
  |                                    
  +----------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
  |                                    
  +----------- Alasmidonta_triangulata 
  |                                    
--+        +-- Lasmigona_complanata **    
  +--------+                           
  |        +-- Lasmigona_costata **       
  |                                    
  |        +-- Strophitus_radiatus     
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     +-- Strophitus_undulatus    
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                           
           +-- Anodonta                

Zanatta et al., 2007, fig. 1A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 3 13 11 3 7.0
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa ** 
  |                       
--+-- Lasmigona_costata **   
  |                       
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata **

Zanatta et al., 2007, fig. 1B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 3 13 11 3 7.0
  +-- Lasmigona_costata **   
  |                       
--+-- Lasmigona_compressa ** 
  |                       
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata **

Hoeh, 1990, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 3 13 11 3 7.0
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata **
  |                       
--+-- Lasmigona_compressa ** 
  |                       
  +-- Lasmigona_costata **   

Hoeh, 1990, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 16 2 3 13 11 3 18.0
  +----- Pyganodon_fragilis         
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackia_peggyae        
  |                                 
  +----- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                                 
  +----- Anodonta_kennerlyi         
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackiana_couperiana[1]
  |                                 
--+----- Utterbackiana_couperiana[2]
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata
  |                                 
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata **          
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Utterbackiana_implicata    
  |                                 
  |  +-- Lasmigona_complanata **       
  |  |                              
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **        
  |  |                              
  |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta        
  +--+                              
     +-- Pyganodon_gibbosa          
     |                              
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |                              
     +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        

Hoeh, 1990, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 3 13 11 3 7.0
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata **
  |                       
--+-- Lasmigona_compressa ** 
  |                       
  +-- Lasmigona_costata **   

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 6 2 3 32 3 3 7.0
  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
  |                           
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis    
  |                           
--+  +-- Lasmigona_complanata ** 
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata **    
  |                           
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  
  +--+                        
     +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 8 4 3 35 6 6 7.0
  +-------------- Strophitus_undulatus      
  |                                         
  |        +----- Lasmigona_complanata **      
--+  +-----+                                
  |  |     |  +-- Lasmigona_costata **         
  |  |     +--+                             
  +--+        +-- Arcidens_confragosus      
     |                                      
     |  +-------- Utterbackia_imbecillis    
     |  |                                   
     +--+-------- Alasmidonta_marginata     
        |                                   
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis         
        +--+                                
           |  +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus
           +--+                             
              +-- Lasmigona_compressa **       

Moyer & Díaz-Ferguson, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 4 0 0 6.0
  +----- Lasmigona_costata **   
--+                          
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa ** 
  +--+                       
     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **

Hewitt et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 6 3 3 6 3 3 7.0
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis   
  |                             
  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **
--+-----+                       
  |     +-- Strophitus_undulatus
  |                             
  |  +----- Lasmigona_costata **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Arcidens_wheeleri   
     +--+                       
        +-- Lasmigona_complanata **

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 5 0 2 115 2 2 10.0
        +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Lasmigona_etowaensis **     
--+                                  
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
  +--+                               
     |  +-- Lasmigona_costata **        
     +--+                            
        +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 6 0 2 113 2 2 10.0
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis        
  |                                  
  |     +-- Lasmigona_costata **        
--+-----+                            
  |     +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus
  |                                  
  |  +----- Lasmigona_etowaensis **     
  +--+                               
     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
     +--+                            
        +-- Anodonta_oregonensis     

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 23 3 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **    
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 23 3 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **    
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 14 3 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_costata **       
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 39 3 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa **     
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 39 3 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa **     
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **  
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 4 3 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis   

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 4 3 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis   

Lydeard et al., 1996, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 5 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_radiatus    
--+                             
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata **      
  +--+                          
     +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata

Lydeard et al., 1996, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_radiatus    
--+                             
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata **      
  +--+                          
     +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_radiatus    
--+                             
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata
  +--+                          
     +-- Lasmigona_costata **      

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 4 4 --
  +----- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |                              
--+----- Utterbackiana_couperiana
  |                              
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata 
  +--+                           
     +-- Lasmigona_costata **       

Manendo et al., 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 1 1 --
  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis **
--+                       
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Krebs, 2004, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 1 1 --
  +-- Lasmigona_costata **
--+                    
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis

Krebs, 2004, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 1 1 --
  +-- Lasmigona_costata **
--+                    
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **  
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **  
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **  
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 2 2 --
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus
--+                          
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa ** 
  +--+                       
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis
--+                    
  +-- Lasmigona_costata **

Huang et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Inoue et al., 2014, fig. 3B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 6 2 --
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis   
  |                             
  +-------- Pyganodon_cataracta 
  |                             
--+-------- Pyganodon_fragilis  
  |                             
  +-------- Pyganodon           
  |                             
  |  +----- Lasmigona_subviridis **
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Arcidens_confragosus
     +--+                       
        +-- Arcidens_wheeleri   

Xue et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 3 3 --
  +----- Lasmigona_compressa **  
  |                           
--+  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |  |                        
  +--+-- Alasmidonta_marginata
     |                        
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Zhou et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 139 4 4 --
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
--+                              
  |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 139 4 4 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis    
  |                           
  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                           
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 126 4 4 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 3 2 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis[2]    
  |                              
--+  +-- Lasmigona_costata **       
  |  |                           
  +--+-- Pyganodon_grandis[1]    
     |                           
     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 32 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Bolotov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 42 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 57 4 3 --
  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                              
--+  +----- Lasmigona_compressa **  
  |  |                           
  +--+----- Alasmidonta_marginata
     |                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta  
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 23 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 199 6 5 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 197 6 5 --
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
--+                        
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 200 6 5 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **

Wu et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **

Cha et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 44 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Metzger et al., 2018, fig. 1C

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 122 4 4 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis    
  |                           
  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                           
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Riccardi et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 49 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 5 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa 
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 5 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa 
--+                           
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  
  +--+                        
     +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 5 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa 
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa **  

Chen et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 5 3 --
  +----- Lasmigona_compressa **   
--+                            
  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  +--+                         
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis     

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 48 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 73 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa **     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Page updated: 11:39:11 Fri 02 Dec 2022

 
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