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Page last updated
Wed 05 Jun 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Cristariina

genus Cristaria Schumacher, 1817: cladomics
     9 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 9

analyzed in 100 cladograms in 67 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 5, mean = 1.21

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 12
maximum number of included terminals = 5, mean = 2.75
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.83


Pairwise Cladogram Clustering

The graphs below depict in two dimensions all pair-wise ingroup distances within the cladome. See the Cladmoics FARQ for more information.


PCoA Ordination


NJ tree


Konopleva et al., 2023 [Publ 4269], fig. S1, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 5 51 8 5 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

        +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  +-----+                               
  |     |  +----- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  |     +--+                            
  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica  
  |        +--+                         
  |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini    
--+                                     
  |     +-------- Beringiana_beringiana 
  |  +--+                               
  |  |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii 
  |  |  +--+                            
  |  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
  +--+     +--+                         
     |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta     
     |                                  
     |  +-------- Cristaria_radiata **     
     |  |                               
     +--+     +-- Cristaria_truncata **    
        |  +--+                         
        |  |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **     
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Cristaria_bellua **      
           +--+                         
              +-- Cristaria_clessini **    

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 27 23 6 3.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

                       +-------- Cristaria_bellua **          
  +--------------------+                                   
  |                    |  +----- Cristaria_clessini **        
  |                    +--+                                
  |                       |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **         
  |                       +--+                             
  |                          +-- Cristaria_truncata **        
  |                                                        
  |              +-------------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis    
--+              |                                         
  |  +-----------+  +----------- Anemina_arcaeformis       
  |  |           |  |                                      
  |  |           +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica      
  |  |              |  |                                   
  |  |              +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta    
  |  |                 |  +--+                             
  |  |                 |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini        
  |  |                 +--+                                
  +--+                    |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai       
     |                    +--+                             
     |                       +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai        
     |                                                     
     |                       +-- Pletholophus_honglinhensis
     |  +--------------------+                             
     |  |                    +-- Pletholophus_tenuis       
     |  |                                                  
     |  |              +-------- Beringiana_japonica       
     +--+  +-----------+                                   
        |  |           |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana     
        |  |           +--+                                
        |  |              |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai      
        |  |              +--+                             
        +--+                 +-- Beringiana_gosannensis    
           |                                               
           |                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula        
           |  +--------------+                             
           |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida        
           |  |                                            
           +--+  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii     
              |  |                                         
              |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos     
              +--+-----------+                             
                 |           +-- Sinanodonta_tumens        
                 |                                         
                 |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]   
                 +--+                                      
                    |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
                    +--+                                   
                       |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica     
                       +--+                                
                          |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta         
                          +--+                             
                             +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]   

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 3 2 2 1.0
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
  +--------+                             
  |        +-- Pletholophus_honglinhensis
--+                                      
  |  +-------- Cristaria_radiata **         
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Cristaria_clessini **        
     +--+                                
        |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **         
        +--+                             
           +-- Cristaria_truncata **        

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 4 2 1 4.0
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
--+                             
  |  +----- Cristaria_clessini **  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
     +--+                       
        +-- Cristaria_radiata **   

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 34 5 3 45 13 5 36.0
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[1] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[2] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta          
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica        
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[1]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana      
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[2]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[3]    
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[1]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[2]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[2]      
  |                                    
--+-------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[3] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_angula         
  |                                    
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                    
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                    
  |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |  |                                 
  +--+  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
  |  |  |                              
  |  +--+-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
  |     |                              
  |     +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
  |                                    
  |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |  |                                 
  |  |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[1]   
  +--+  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[2]   
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[1]
     +--+                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[2]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[3]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[4]

Klishko et al., 2014 [Publ 3666], fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 2 2 2 --
     +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Cristaria_radiata **    
--+                           
  |  +-- Beringiana_beringiana
  +--+                        
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana 

Klishko et al., 2016 [Publ 3733], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 2 2 2 --
     +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Cristaria_radiata **    
--+                           
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana 
  +--+                        
     +-- Beringiana_beringiana

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 139 4 2 --
           +-- Cristaria_plicata **  
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cristaria_radiata **  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 139 4 2 --
           +-- Cristaria_plicata **  
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cristaria_radiata **  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3764], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 18 0 2 130 4 2 19.0
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |                           
  +-- Lasmigona_costata       
  |                           
  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |                           
  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
  |                           
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus    
--+                           
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta       
  |                           
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |                           
  +-- Cristaria_radiata **       
  |                           
  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis     
  |                           
  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  |                           
  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi     
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola    
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]   
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]   

Froufe et al., 2017 [Publ 3802], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 8 3 --
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
  |                                            
--+                 +-- Cristaria_plicata **      
  |  +--------------+                          
  |  |              +-- Cristaria_radiata **      
  +--+                                         
     |  +-------------- Beringiana_beringiana  
     |  |                                      
     +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_lucida     
        |  |                                   
        +--+  +-------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii  
           |  |                                
           +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]
              |  |                             
              +--+  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta      
                 |  |                          
                 +--+-- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
                    |                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 120 22 6 --
                       +-- Cristaria_plicata **      
  +--------------------+                          
  |                    +-- Cristaria_clessini **     
  |                                               
  |        +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
  |        |                                      
  +--------+  +----------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis 
  |        |  |                                   
  |        +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica   
  |           |  |                                
  |           +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta 
--+              |  +--+                          
  |              |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini     
  |              +--+                             
  |                 |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai    
  |                 +--+                          
  |                    +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai     
  |                                               
  |  +-------------------- Pletholophus_tenuis    
  |  |                                            
  |  |           +-------- Beringiana_japonica    
  |  |  +--------+                                
  +--+  |        |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana  
     |  |        +--+                             
     |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai   
     |  |           +--+                          
     +--+              +-- Beringiana_gosannensis 
        |                                         
        |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
        |  +-----------+                          
        |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
        |  |                                      
        +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii  
           |  |                                   
           |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos  
           |  +--------+                          
           +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens     
              |                                   
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
              |  |                                
              +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
                 |  |                             
                 +--+----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
                    |                             
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta      
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Zhou et al., 2007 [Publ 2658], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Zhou et al., 2007 [Publ 2658], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 1 1 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Zhang et al., 2004 [Publ 2735], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Breton et al., 2011 [Publ 3376], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Jiang et al., 2010 [Publ 3438], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013 [Publ 3531], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Chen et al., 2012 [Publ 3624], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Huang et al., 2013 [Publ 3629], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Xue et al., 2016 [Publ 3659], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 4 2 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Wei et al., 2016 [Publ 3665], fig. 0

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Plazzi et al., 2011 [Publ 3676], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Peng et al., 2012 [Publ 3689], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Sheng et al., 2014 [Publ 3704], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Zhou et al., 2016 [Publ 3710], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 1 1 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Wu et al., 2016 [Publ 3711], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 2 2 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Xia et al., 2016 [Publ 3712], fig. 7B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 1 1 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3745], fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 4 3 --
  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida 

Guerra et al., 2017 [Publ 3772], fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 1 1 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Guerra et al., 2017 [Publ 3772], fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Fonseca et al., 2016 [Publ 3775], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  

Smith et al., 2018 [Publ 3790], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3792], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 32 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Wen et al., 2017 [Publ 3795], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 7 4 --
              +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai  
--+                                    
  |  +----------- Pletholophus_tenuis  
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
           +--+                        
              +-- Beringiana_beringiana

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 8 4 --
              +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai  
  |                                    
--+        +----- Beringiana_fukuharai 
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica  
  |  |     +--+                        
  +--+        +-- Beringiana_beringiana
     |                                 
     |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis  
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana 
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta    
           +--+                        
              +-- Sinanodonta_tumens   

Froufe et al., 2017 [Publ 3802], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Bolotov et al., 2018 [Publ 3826], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **  
--+                            
  |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
     +--+                      
        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  

Huang et al., 2018 [Publ 3828], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 42 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  

Wu et al., 2018 [Publ 3836], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 52 5 2 --
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis  
  |                              
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **    
--+                              
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana 
  |  +--+                        
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida   
     +--+                        
        +-- Sinanodonta_angula   

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017 [Publ 3837], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 23 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 7 2 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 204 8 3 --
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
  |                                            
--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata **      
  |  |                                         
  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis    
     |  |                                      
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
        |  +--------+                          
        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
        +--+                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
           +--+                                
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
              +--+                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 81 24 2 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 201 8 3 --
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
  |                                            
--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata **      
  |  |                                         
  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis    
     |  |                                      
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula     
        |  +--------+                          
        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida     
        +--+                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]
           +--+                                
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi    
              +--+                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica  
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 202 8 3 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Wang et al., 2018 [Publ 3846], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  

Aunins et al., 2018 [Publ 3863], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  

Wu et al., 2019 [Publ 3864], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Wang et al., 2018 [Publ 3865], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  

Cha et al., 2018 [Publ 3916], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 44 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 44 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Pfeiffer et al., 2019 [Publ 3937], fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Pfeiffer et al., 2019 [Publ 3937], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019 [Publ 4042], fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 2 2 --
  +----- Cristaria_radiata **   
--+                          
  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                       
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **     
--+                               
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii 
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis   
     +--+                         
        +-- Pletholophus_reinianus

Bolotov et al., 2020 [Publ 4084], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 8 5 --
        +-------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  +-----+                               
  |     |  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |     +--+                            
  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica  
--+        +--+                         
  |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini    
  |                                     
  |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **     
  +--+                                  
     |  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana 
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii 
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta     
           +--+                         
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  

Riccardi et al., 2019 [Publ 4089], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Fukata & Iigo, 2020 [Publ 4106], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 53 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020 [Publ 4120], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 36 29 2 --
  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Sinanodonta_tumens      
  |  |                                    
  |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[5]    
  |  |        |                           
--+  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[6]    
  |  |        |                           
  |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[15] 
  |  |        |                           
  |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[16] 
  |  |  +-----+                           
  |  |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[17] 
  +--+  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[18] 
     |  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[19] 
     |  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[20] 
     |  |                                 
     |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[1]  
     |  |  |                              
     |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[2]  
     |  |  |                              
     +--+  +----- Beringiana_japonica[3]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[4]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[5]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[1]    
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[6]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[2]    
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1]
        |  |                              
        +--+----- Beringiana_japonica[7]  
           |                              
           +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[4]    
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[8]  
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[9]  
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[10] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[11] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[12] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[13] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[14] 
           |                              
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3]    
           +--+                           
              +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2]

Wu et al., 2020 [Publ 4121], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 49 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 72 11 5 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 11 5 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 11 5 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Wu et al., 2018 [Publ 4143], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 2 2 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Wu et al., 2020 [Publ 4147], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 2 2 --
  +----- Cristaria_plicata **  
--+                         
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida 
  +--+                      
     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis

Chen et al., 2020 [Publ 4170], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 2 2 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Zhang et al., 2013 [Publ 4214], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 1 1 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Zieritz et al., 2021 [Publ 4231], fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 48 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 73 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 2 --
  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 2 --
  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta  

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022 [Publ 4263], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 2 2 --
  +----- Cristaria_plicata ** 
--+                        
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida
  +--+                     
     +-- Anemina_euscaphys 

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022 [Publ 4263], fig. S5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Dai et al., 2023 [Publ 4285], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 52 2 2 --
  +----- Cristaria_plicata **   
--+                          
  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                       
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 4 2 --
  +----------- Cristaria_truncata **        
--+                                      
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Pletholophus_honglinhensis
     +--+                                
        |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis       
        +--+                             
           +-- Pletholophus_reinianus    

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 11 2 --
  +----------------------- Pletholophus_honglinhensis
  |                                                  
--+  +-------------------- Cristaria_truncata **        
  |  |                                               
  +--+                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula        
     |  +--------------+                             
     |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida        
     +--+                                            
        |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii     
        |  |                                         
        +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos     
           |  +--------+                             
           |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens        
           +--+                                      
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]   
              |  |                                   
              +--+-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi       
                 |                                   
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica     
                 +--+                                
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta         
                    +--+                             
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]   

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 5 5 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 5 5 --
  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **     
  |                                  
--+        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |  +-----+                         
  |  |     +-- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis   
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi   
        +--+                         
           +-- Beringiana_beringiana 

Pfarrer et al., 2022 [Publ 4305], fig. 2-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 13 4 --
  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
--+                            
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **  
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai
     +--+                      
        +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai 

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 17 4 --
  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
--+                            
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **  
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai 
     +--+                      
        +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai

Smith, 2021 [Publ 4331], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-aa

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 95 6 3 --
        +----- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +-----+                          
  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |     +--+                       
--+        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |                                
  |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida  
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens  
        +--+                       
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-nt

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 96 6 3 --
  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                                   
--+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--------+                       
  |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                                
     |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai
     +--+                             
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida  
        +--+                          
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens  
           +--+                       
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 3 2 --
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis 
--+                             
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8a, S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 91 6 3 --
  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                                   
--+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--------+                       
  |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                                
     |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai
     +--+                             
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida  
        +--+                          
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens  
           +--+                       
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8b, S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 91 6 3 --
  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                                   
--+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--------+                       
  |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                                
     |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai
     +--+                             
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida  
        +--+                          
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens  
           +--+                       
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Dai et al., 2024 [Publ 4358], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 51 2 2 --
  +----- Cristaria_plicata **   
--+                          
  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                       
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Wu et al., 2021 [Publ 4366], fig. 2, I

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 90 3 2 --
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis 
--+                             
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Wu et al., 2021 [Publ 4366], fig. 3-BI

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 73 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 

Wu et al., 2021 [Publ 4366], fig. 3-ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 73 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 

Wu et al., 2021 [Publ 4366], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 68 4 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 

Wu et al., 2021 [Publ 4366], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 90 3 2 --
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis 
--+                             
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida  

Page updated: 10:06:15 Wed 05 Jun 2024

 
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