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Page last updated
Wed 26 Feb 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Elliptio

species Elliptio crassidens (Lamarck, 1819): synonymy
     5 specimens available.

Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 71, sp. 3, var. b. [in part]
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_MPL_0030, “du lac Erie” .

Unio crassidensLamarck (1819), Lea (1834), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Call (1895), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910)
Unio nigerFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1848)
Margarita (Unio) crassidensLea (1836)
Mysca crassidensSchlüter (1838)
Margaron (Unio) crassidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Elliptio) nigerMörch (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) crassidensAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (Limnium sec. Elliptio) crassidensFischer (1886)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) crassidensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) crassidensCall (1900)
Elliptio crassidensOrtmann (1912), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), F.C. Baker (1928), R.I. Johnson (1969), Gordon et al. (1979), Davis & Fuller (1981), Davis (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Graf (2000), Kandl et al. (2001), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Sietman (2003), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Graf & Cummings (2007), Burdick & White (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Campbell et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Boyer et al. (2011), IUCN (2011), Williams et al. (2011), Haag (2012), McMurray et al. (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Jones (2015), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Johnson et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2018), Burlakova et al. (2019), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019)
Elliptio (s.s.) nigerFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidensThiele (1934), Haas (1969), Burch (1975)
Elliptio nigerModell (1942)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970)
Elliptio crassidens crassidensR.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984)

Unio danielsii B.H. Wright, 1899
B.H. Wright, 1899, Nautilus 13(3): 31.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_168967, Spring Creek, Decatur Co., Georgia.

Unio danielsiiB.H. Wright (1899)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) danielsiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) niger-danielsiFrierson (1927)
Elliptio crassidens incrassatusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens danielsiiHaas (1969)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensR.I. Johnson (1970)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidensBurch (1975)
Elliptio crassidensParmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Watters et al. (2009), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus niger’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 291, pl. 80, figs. 1-4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 37.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20243, River Ohio.

Unio (Elliptio) nigraRafinesque (1820)
Potamilus nigerRafinesque (1818)
Unio cuneatusRavenel (1834)
Unio nigerFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1848), Agassiz (1852), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1868)
Margarita (Unio) crassidensLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) crassidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Elliptio) nigerMörch (1853)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) crassidensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio nigraUtterback (1915)
Elliptio crassidensOrtmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Vidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2014)
Elliptio (s.s.) nigerFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Elliptio nigerModell (1942)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidensBurch (1975)
Elliptio crassidens crassidensR.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984)

Unio (Elliptio) nigra var. fusca Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 293.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 39.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Elliptio) nigra var. fuscaRafinesque (1820)
Elliptio crassidensParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio (Elliptio) nigra var. maculata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 293.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 39.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Elliptio) nigra var. maculataRafinesque (1820)
Elliptio (s.s.) nigerFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia subrotundaR.I. Johnson (1980)
Elliptio crassidensParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio cuneatus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 263.

Unio cuneatusBarnes (1823), Lea (1829), Ravenel (1834)
Unio crassidensLea (1834), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Call (1895)
Unio nigerFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1848), Agassiz (1852)
Margarita (Unio) crassidensLea (1836)
Margarita (Unio) phaseolusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) crassidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Margaron (Unio) phaseolusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio fasciolarisConrad (1853)
Unio (Elliptio) nigerMörch (1853)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) crassidensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Elliptio nigraUtterback (1915)
Elliptio crassidensOrtmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Elliptio (s.s.) nigerFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidensBurch (1975)
Elliptio crassidens crassidensOesch (1984)

Obliquaria (Aximedia) venus Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.

Obliquaria (Aximedia) venusRafinesque (1831)
Unio venusFerussac (1835)
Quadrula (Fusconia) subrotundaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia subrotundaHaas (1969)
Elliptio crassidensParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio niger Conrad, 1836
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(6): 49, pl. 46.
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 253.
(reference to Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio nigerConrad (1836), Küster (1848)
Unio crassidensHanley (1843), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) crassidensLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) crassidensSimpson (1900)

Unio incrassatus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 286.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 217 [55], pl. 16, fig. 34.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84537, Columbus, Ga.

Unio incrassatusLea (1840), Küster (1861), Reeve (1865)
Margaron (Unio) incrassatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio nigerConrad (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) incrassatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio crassidensCall (1895)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) incrassatusSimpson (1900)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) crassidens var. incrassatusSimpson (1914)
Elliptio (s.s.) niger-incrassatusFrierson (1927)
Elliptio crassidens incrassatusClench & Turner (1956)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidensBurch (1975)
Elliptio crassidensParmalee & Bogan (1998), Brim Box & Williams (2000), Williams et al. (2008), IUCN (2011), Williams et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2014)

Unio crassus Sowerby, 1868
‘Say’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 95, sp. 520.
(misidentified reference to Unio crassus Say, 1817)

Unio crassusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinus var. gibbusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentina var. gibbaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata-calendisFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensHaas (1969)
Elliptio crassidensParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio discus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 62, sp. 310; errata.
(misidentified reference to Unio discus Lea, 1838)

Unio discusSowerby (1868)
Unio (sec. Elliptio) crassidensSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (Lampsilis) discusMartens (1900)
Elliptio (s.s.) nigerFrierson (1927)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensHaas (1969), R.I. Johnson (1970)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidensBurch (1975)
Elliptio crassidensParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Elliptio pachyodon Pilsbry, 1953
Pilsbry, 1953, ANSP Monogr. 8: 447, pl. 65, fig. 8.

Elliptio pachyodonPilsbry (1953)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidens crassidensR.I. Johnson (1970)
Elliptio (s.s.) crassidensBurch (1975)
Elliptio crassidensWatters et al. (2009)

Page updated: 09:02:06 Wed 26 Feb 2020

 
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