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Page last updated
Wed 15 May 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Quadrulini | Quadrula

species Quadrula quadrula (Rafinesque, 1820): synonymy
     10 specimens available.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) quadrula Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 307.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 51.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20224, Salt River.

Unio rugosus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 126, text fig. 5.
(homonym of Unio rugosa Poiret, 1801)

Unio dombeyana Barnes, 1828
Barnes, 1828, Amer. J. Sci. 13(2): ??.
(misidentified reference to Unio dombeyana Valenciennes, 1827)

Unio lacrymosus Lea, 1828
Lea, 1828, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 272 [14], pl. 6, fig. 8.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84165, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio apiculatus Say, 1829
Say, 1829, New Harm. Dissem. 2(20): 309, sp. 8.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: pl. 52.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 131, 207, 225.

Unio asper Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 85 [95], pl. 9, fig. 15.
Type(s): UNKNOWN USNM_84212, Claiborne, Ala. R., Alabama.

Unio asperrimus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 71 [81], pl. 5, fig. 3.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84174, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio asperimus Ravenel, 1834
‘Lea’ Ravenel, 1834, Cat. Rec. Shells: 5.
(error for Unio asperrimus Lea, 1831)

Unio quadrulus Say, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: pl. 53.
Conrad, 1840, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 2(13): 112, pl. 62.
(reference to Obliquaria (Quadrula) quadrula Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio asper Jay, 1839
‘Lea’ Jay, 1839, Cat. Rec. Shells: 55.
(reference to Unio asper Lea, 1831)

Quadrula lachrymosa Swainson, 1840
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 378.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 177.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 256.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 497.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 9, sp. 33.
Call, 1895, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 7: 21.
F.C. Baker, 1898, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci. 3(1): 83, pl. 25, fig. 1; pl. 12, fig. 2.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 776.
Call, 1900, Ind. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res. (1899): 489.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus 23(11): 140.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus 23: 116.
Ortmann, 1912, Ann. Carnegie Mus. 8: 253.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 839, 841.
Ortmann & Walker, 1922, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (112): 14, 16.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 47.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 84.
R.I. Johnson, 1980, Bull. MCZ 149(2): 90.
Vidrine, 1993, Histr. Distr. Freshw. Mussels LA: 53.
Strayer & Jirka, 1997, Pearly Mussels NY (26): 98.
(error for Unio lacrymosus Lea, 1828)

Unio rumphianus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 5]: 276 [32], pl. 22, fig. 34.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84189, West Georgia.

Unio nobilis Conrad, 1854
Conrad, 1854, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 297, pl. 27, figs. 2. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio nobilis Conrad, 1854)
Type(s): NOMEN NUDUM ANSP_43019, Louisiana.

Unio blandianus Lea, 1856
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 263.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 65, pl. 11, fig. 47.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84190, Othcaloosa Cr., Ga.

Unio forsheyi Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 155.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 357 [39], pl. 60, fig. 182.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84169, Texas.

Unio speciosus Lea, 1862
Lea, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 14: 168.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 9]: 207 [29], pl. 31, fig. 276.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84172, Leon Co., Texas.

Unio quadratus Reeve, 1864
‘Rafinesque’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 6, sp. 24.
(error for Obliquaria (Quadrula) quadrula Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio turgidus Reeve, 1864
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 3, sp. 10.
(misidentified reference to Unio turgidus Lea, 1838)

Unio lunulatus Pratt, 1876
Pratt, 1876, Proc. Davenport Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 168, pl. 31, fig. 1a-b [as ‘unul atus’; corrected in Errata].
(correct name for Unio unul atus Pratt, 1876)

Unio unul atus Pratt, 1876
Pratt, 1876, Proc. Davenport Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 168.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio lunulatus Pratt, 1876)

Quadrula quadrula contraryensis Utterback, 1915
Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(4): 138, pl. 18, figs. 47a-b.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria (Quadrula) quadrula Rafinesque, 1820)
Type(s): NEOTYPE CM_61.6892, Lake Contrary, St. Joseph, Buchanan Co., Missouri.

Quadrula (Quadrula) quadrula bullocki F.C. Baker, 1928
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 87, pl. 46, figs. 1-3.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria (Quadrula) quadrula Rafinesque, 1820)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) UMMZ_209203, Fox River, nr. De Pere, Wisc.

Quadrula (s.s.) gigantea Haas, 1930
‘Raf.’ Haas, 1930, Senckenbergiana 12(6): 327.
(error for Obliquaria (Quadrula) quadrula Rafinesque, 1820)

Quadrula contrayensis R.I. Johnson, 1969
‘Utterback’ R.I. Johnson, 1969, Nautilus 82(4): 132.
(error for Quadrula quadrula contraryensis Utterback, 1915)

Page updated: 16:07:56 Wed 15 May 2019

 
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