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Page last updated
Fri 07 Aug 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Amblemini | Amblema

species Amblema plicata (Say, 1817): synonymy
     14 specimens available.

Unio plicata Say, 1817
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1817, Nich. Encyc. 2: [12].
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc. 4: [17].
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 50.
Type(s): NEOTYPE SMF_4305, Ohio, U.S.A.

Unio plicataSay (1817), Say (1819), Ravenel (1834), Conrad (1840)
Unio crassus var. plicataSay (1817)
Unio (Elliptio) plicataRafinesque (1820)
Unio plicatusLea (1829), Lea (1834), Jay (1835), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Küster (1856), Reeve (1864), Sowerby (1866), Call (1895)
Margarita (Unio) plicatusLea (1836)
Crenodonta plicataSchlüter (1838), Ortmann (1912)
Unio (Theliderma) plicataSwainson (1840)
Complanaria plicatusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) plicatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus plicatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Crenodonta) plicatusMörch (1853)
Unio (Dysnomia) plicataAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) plicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) plicatusCall (1900)
Amblema plicataOrtmann & Walker (1922), Modell (1942), Heard & Guckert (1970), Clarke (1973), Burch (1975), Gordon et al. (1979), Mathiak (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Davis & Fuller (1981), Oesch (1984), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Vidrine (1993), Rosenberg et al. (1994), Howells et al. (1996), Lydeard et al. (1996), Rosenberg et al. (1997), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Mulvey et al. (1997), Turgeon et al. (1998), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Johnson et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Graf & Ó Foighil (2000), Graf & Ó Foighil (2000), Bogan & Hoeh (2000), Turner et al. (2000), Hoeh et al. (2001), Kandl et al. (2001), Graf (2002), Hoeh et al. (2002), Huang et al. (2002), Graf (2002), Sietman (2003), Roe & Hoeh (2003), Serb et al. (2003), Krebs et al. (2003), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Campbell et al. (2005), Curole & Kocher (2005), Jones et al. (2005), Zanatta & Murphy (2006), Graf & Cummings (2006), Elderkin et al. (2007), Graf & Cummings (2007), Chapman et al. (2008), Manendo et al. (2008), Chapman et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2008), Araujo et al. (2009), Jadhav & Jamkhedkar (2009), Hoeh et al. (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Boyer et al. (2011), Williams et al. (2011), Grobler et al. (2011), Whelan et al. (2011), Haag (2012), McMurray et al. (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), ITIS (2012), IUCN (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012), Szumowski et al. (2012), Inoue et al. (2013), Pfeiffer & Graf (2013), Reis et al. (2013), He & Zhuang (2013), Marshall et al. (2014), Inoue et al. (2014), Williams et al. (2014), Prié & Puillandre (2014), Pfeiffer & Graf (2015), Jones (2015), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Chong et al. (2016), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Araujo et al. (2017), Zieritz et al. (2018), Bolotov et al. (2018), Wu et al. (2018), Johnson et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2018), Marshall et al. (2018), Roznere et al. (2018), Huang et al. (2019), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Burlakova et al. (2019), Lopes-Lima et al. (2019), Keogh & Simons (2019), Pfeiffer et al. (2019), Smith et al. (2019), Porto-Hannes et al. (2019), Inoue et al. (2020), Lopes-Lima et al. (2020), Bolotov et al. (2020)
Amblema (s.s.) plicataFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Crenodonta peruviana peruvianaMurray & Leonard (1962)
Amblema plicata plicataHaas (1969), Turgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Watters et al. (2009)
Amblema plicatusMackie et al. (1980)
Amblema p. plicataHoke (2005)

Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 315, pl. 82, figs. 13-14.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 58.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20246, small creeks, Kentucky.

Amblema costataRafinesque (1820), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), F.C. Baker (1928), Thiele (1934), MacNeil (1935), ITIS (2012)
Unio costatusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1852), Reeve (1864)
Margarita (Unio) undulatusLea (1836)
Complanaria costataAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) undulatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus costatusConrad (1853)
Amblema (plicata) costataUtterback (1915)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-costataFrierson (1927)
Crenodonta peruviana costataMurray & Leonard (1962)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataHeard & Guckert (1970), Clarke (1973), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio perplicatus Conrad, 1841
Conrad, 1841, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 19.
Conrad, 1850, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 276, pl. 38, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 261 [as ‘Plectomerus perplicatus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_129919, Jackson, Miss.

Unio perplicatusConrad (1841), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) perplicatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus perplicatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Dysnomia) perplicatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio plicatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Crenodonta perplicataOrtmann (1912), Ortmann (1914)
Amblema perplicataUtterback (1915), Davis & Fuller (1981), Lydeard et al. (1996), Krebs et al. (2003)
Amblema perplicatusOrtmann (1923)
Amblema costataOrtmann (1924)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-perplicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata perplicataTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Watters et al. (2009)
Amblema elliottiiMulvey et al. (1997)

Cokeria southalli Marshall, 1916
Marshall, 1916, Nautilus 29: 133.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_215130, James R., Huron, South Dakota.

Cokeria southalliMarshall (1916), Haas (1969)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-southalliFrierson (1927)
Amblema costataThiele (1934)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataR.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio peruviana Lamarck, 1819
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth. 2: pl. 248, fig. 7 [as Unio sp.].
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 71, sp. 4.

Unio peruvianaLamarck (1819), Bory de St. Vincent (1827)
Unio plicatusLea (1829), Lea (1834), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Reeve (1864), Sowerby (1866)
Unio plicataRavenel (1834)
Margarita (Unio) plicatusLea (1836)
Unio (Theliderma) peruvianaSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) plicatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus plicatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Crenodonta) plicatusMörch (1853)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) plicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema peruvianaUtterback (1915), Ortmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928)
Amblema costataOrtmann (1925)
Amblema (s.s.) plicataFrierson (1927)
Crenodonta peruviana peruvianaMurray & Leonard (1962)
Amblema plicata plicataHaas (1969), Watters et al. (2009)
Amblema plicataBurch (1975), Mathiak (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)

Unio rariplicata Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 71, sp. 5.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MPL_0037, Habite la rivière de l’Ohio. Michaud.

Unio rariplicataLamarck (1819), Deshayes (1830)
Unio plicatusLea (1829), Ferussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Reeve (1864), Sowerby (1866), Call (1895)
Unio plicataRavenel (1834), Conrad (1840)
Margarita (Unio) plicatusLea (1836)
Unio (Theliderma) rariplicataSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) plicatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus plicatusConrad (1853)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) plicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema rariplicataUtterback (1915), F.C. Baker (1928)
Amblema plicataOrtmann & Walker (1922), R.I. Johnson (1969), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema (s.s.) plicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata plicataHaas (1969), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio crassus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 118.
(misidentified reference to Unio crassus Say, 1817)

Unio crassusBarnes (1823)
Unio plicatusLea (1829), Ferussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) crassusLea (1836)
Unio (Theliderma) crassusSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) plicatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus plicatusConrad (1853)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) plicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) subrotundaFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)
Amblema plicataHe & Zhuang (2013)

Unio undulatus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 120, pl. 2.
(homonym of Unio undulata Say, 1817)

Unio undulatusBarnes (1823), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Singley (1893), Call (1895), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio plicatusLea (1829), Sowerby (1866)
Unio costatusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1852), Reeve (1864)
Margarita (Unio) undulatusLea (1836)
Unio (Theliderma) undulatusSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) undulatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus costatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Dysnomia) undulatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) undulataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) undulatusCall (1900)
Quadrula undulataOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1910)
Crenodonta undulataOrtmann (1912)
Amblema (plicata) costataUtterback (1915)
Megalonaias giganteaOrtmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Burch (1975)
Amblema costataOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Amblema (Megalonaias) giganteaFrierson (1927)
Crenodonta peruviana costataMurray & Leonard (1962)
Amblema plicataR.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984), Vidrine (1993), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Megalonaias nervosaHowells et al. (1996), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio gigantea Lea, 1834
‘Barnes’ Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 31, 35.
(misidentified reference to Unio (crassus var.) giganteus Barnes, 1823)

Unio giganteaLea (1834)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) plicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio costatus Conrad, 1836
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(2): pl. 17, fig. 7.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 4, sp. 16.
(reference to Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio costatusConrad (1836), Küster (1852)
Unio plicatusFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) undulatusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) undulatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus costatusConrad (1853)
Unio undulatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) undulataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema plicataHe & Zhuang (2013)

Unio undulatus Hanley, 1843
‘Barnes’ Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 175, pl. 20, fig. 26.
(reference to Unio undulatus Barnes, 1823)

Unio undulatusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) undulatusLea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) undulataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema costataOrtmann (1924), F.C. Baker (1928)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998), He & Zhuang (2013)

Unio atrocostatus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 163.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 70 [44], pl. 2, fig. 5 [as ‘atro-costatus’].

Unio atrocostatusLea (1845), Reeve (1864), Sowerby (1868)
Complanaria atrocostatusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) atrocostatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus perplicatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Dysnomia) atrocostatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Dysnomia) atrocostatusPaetel (1890)
Unio undulatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-perplicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataWilliams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Megalonaias nervosaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio hippopoeus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 163 [as ‘hippopœus’].
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 67 [41], pl. 1, fig. 1 [as ‘hippopœus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84096, L. Erie.

Unio hippopoeusLea (1845), Küster (1861)
Margaron (Unio) hippopæusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Plectomerus plicatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Diplodon) hippopæusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio hippopæusReeve (1864)
Unio plicatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) plicata var. hippopæaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-hippopaeaFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataClarke (1973), Burch (1975), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio latecostatus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 163.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 68 [42], pl. 1, fig. 2.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPE ANSP_127444, Ala. River, Selma, Alabama.

Unio latecostatusLea (1845), Küster (1861)
Margaron (Unio) laticostasusLea (1852)
Plectomerus costatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Diplodon) laticostatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Margaron (Unio) laticostatusLea (1870)
Unio laticostatusSingley (1893)
Unio undulatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) undulata var. latecostataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-costataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicataHowells et al. (1996), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)

Margaron (Unio) laticostasus Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 21.
(error for Unio latecostatus Lea, 1845)

Margaron (Unio) laticostasusLea (1852)

Unio hippopaeus Lea, 1852
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 21 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 261 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 497 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 11, sp. 40 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 767 [as ‘hippopæa’].
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 816 [as ‘hippopæa’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 61.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 287.
Clarke, 1973, Malacologia 13(1-2): 35.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 165.
Strayer & Jirka, 1997, Pearly Mussels NY (26): 98.
He & Zhuang, 2013, Freshwater Bivalves China: 27.
(error for Unio hippopoeus Lea, 1845)

Unio hippopaeusLea (1852)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio heros Küster, 1855
‘Say’ Küster, 1855, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 136, pl. 40, figs. 1-2.
(misidentified reference to Unio heros Say, 1829)

Unio herosKüster (1855)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) plicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata plicataHaas (1969), Watters et al. (2009)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio pearlensis Conrad, 1855
Conrad, 1855, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 7: 256.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_129918, Pearl River, Miss.

Unio pearlensisConrad (1855)
Unio perlensisReeve (1864)
Margaron (Unio) perplicatusLea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-perplicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio plicatus Küster, 1856
‘Say’ of Authors.
Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 137, pl. 40, fig. 3.
Chenu, 1859, Manuel Conchyl. 2: 143, pl. 706.
(reference to Unio plicata Say, 1817)

Unio plicatusKüster (1856)
Margaron (Unio) plicatusLea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) undulataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Strophitus undulatusVidrine (1993)
Amblema plicataHe & Zhuang (2013)

Unio laticostatus Adams & Adams, 1857
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 497.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31.
Singley, 1893, Geol. Surv. Texas (1892): 317.
(error for Unio latecostatus Lea, 1845)

Unio laticostatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) undulata var. latecostataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio perlensis Reeve, 1864
‘Conrad’ of Authors.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 11, sp. 42.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 163.
(error for Unio pearlensis Conrad, 1855)

Unio perlensisReeve (1864)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-perplicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio perplicatus Reeve, 1864
‘Conrad, Anthony, MS.’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 9, sp. 35; errata [changed to ‘U. atrocostatus’].
(reference to Unio perplicatus Conrad, 1841; error for Unio atrocostatus Lea, 1845)

Unio perplicatusReeve (1864)
Unio multiplicatusCall (1895)
Unio (s.s.) multiplicatusCall (1900)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900)

Unio brazosensis Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 144.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 309 [69], pl. 48, fig. 122.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84110, Brazos River, Tex.

Unio brazosensisLea (1868), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) brazosensisLea (1870)
Unio plicatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-perplicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio lincecumii Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 144.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 312 [72], pl. 49, fig. 125.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84112, Dallas Co., Texas.

Unio lincecumiiLea (1868), Singley (1893)
Margaron (Unio) lincecumiiLea (1870)
Unio plicatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-perplicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio pauciplicatus Lea, 1872
Lea, 1872, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 24: 156.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 29 [33], pl. 9, fig. 26.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84111, Austin, Texas.

Unio pauciplicatusLea (1872), Singley (1893)
Unio plicatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-perplicataFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio quintardii Cragin, 1887
Cragin, 1887, Bull. Washburn Coll. 2: 6.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_63304, Sac & Fox Reservation, Oklahoma.

Unio quintardiiCragin (1887)
Unio undulatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicata var. quintardiiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema perplicata quintardiUtterback (1915)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-quintardiFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataR.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio lincecurei Paetel, 1890
‘Lea’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 157.
(error for Unio lincecumii Lea, 1868)

Unio lincecureiPaetel (1890)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) perplicataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio pilsbryi Marsh, 1891
Marsh, 1891, Nautilus 5(1): 1.
Pilsbry, 1892, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 44: 131, pl. 8, figs. 7-8.
Pilsbry, 1892, Nautilus 6: pl. 1, figs. 7-8.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41589, Little Red River, Ark.

Unio pilsbryiMarsh (1891)
Unio undulatusCall (1895)
Quadrula (sec. Crenodonta) undulata var. pilsbryiSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Amblema perplicata quintardiUtterback (1915)
Amblema (s.s.) plicata-pilsbryiFrierson (1927)
Amblema plicata costataHaas (1969)
Amblema plicataR.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), He & Zhuang (2013)
Amblema plicata plicataWatters et al. (2009)

Page updated: 15:13:16 Fri 07 Aug 2020

 
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