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Page last updated
Fri 07 Aug 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Leptodea

species Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820): synonymy
     7 specimens available.

Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [‘Potamilus fragilis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 295.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 41.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20209, creeks, Kentucky.

Unio (Leptodea) fragilisRafinesque (1820)
Potamilus fragilisRafinesque (1818)
Unio fragilisDeshayes (1830), Conrad (1836), Küster (1848)
Symphynota fragilisFerussac (1835)
Unio gracilisHanley (1843)
Metaptera fragilisAgassiz (1852), Conrad (1853)
Lasmonos fragilisUtterback (1916)
Leptodea fragilisOrtmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), Ortmann (1925), F.C. Baker (1928), Thiele (1934), Murray & Leonard (1962), Burch (1975), Mathiak (1979), Gordon et al. (1979), Mackie et al. (1980), R.I. Johnson (1980), Oesch (1984), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Roe & Lydeard (1998), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Smith (2000), Graf (2002), Huang et al. (2002), Krebs et al. (2003), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Sietman (2003), Hoke (2005), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Zanatta & Murphy (2006), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Boyer et al. (2011), Haag (2012), McMurray et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Sousa et al. (2014), Jones (2015), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Williams et al. (2017), IUCN (2017), Marshall et al. (2018), Burlakova et al. (2019), Keogh & Simons (2019), Smith et al. (2019), Inoue et al. (2020)
Lampsilis (Leptodea) fragilisFrierson (1927)

Medionidus mcglameriae van der Schalie, 1939
van der Schalie, 1939, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (407): 1, pl. 1, figs. 1-3.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE UMMZ_130460, Tombigbee River, Epes, Sumpter Co., Alabama.

Medionidus mcglameriaevan der Schalie (1939), Haas (1969), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1977), Bogan (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), IUCN (2000), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), ITIS (2012)
Medionidus macglameriaeTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993)
Leptodea fragilisWilliams et al. (2008), Bogan (2010), Williams et al. (2017)

Lasmonos fragilis Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 81.
(homonym of Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820)

Lasmonos fragilisRafinesque (1831), Utterback (1916)
Dipsas fragilisFerussac (1835)
Leptodea leptodonOrtmann & Walker (1922), Haas (1969), Oesch (1984)
Leptodea fragilisDavis & Fuller (1981), Lydeard et al. (1996), Howells et al. (1996), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio gracilis Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 274.

Unio gracilisBarnes (1823), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866), Singley (1893), Call (1895)
Symphynota gracilisLea (1829), Jay (1835)
Symphynota fragilisFerussac (1835)
Unio fragilisConrad (1836), Küster (1848)
Margarita (Unio) gracilisLea (1836)
Metaptera gracilisStimpson (1851), Agassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) gracilisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Metaptera fragilisConrad (1853)
Unio (Metaptera) gracilisAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (Proptera) gracilisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) gracilisCall (1900)
Proptera gracilisOrtmann (1910), Haas (1969)
Paraptera gracilisOrtmann (1912)
Lasmonos fragilisUtterback (1916)
Leptodea fragilisOrtmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), F.C. Baker (1928), Murray & Leonard (1962), Burch (1975), Oesch (1984), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Lampsilis (Leptodea) fragilisFrierson (1927)

Unio (Leptodea) fragilis var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 295.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 41.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820; homonym of Unio (Elliptio) viridis var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Leptodea) fragilis var. fuscataRafinesque (1820)

Unio fragilis Swainson, 1823
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr. 3(1): pl. 171.
Deshayes, 1830, Enc. Méth. 2: 587.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(6): 55, pl. 30.
(reference to Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio fragilisSwainson (1823), Conrad (1836), Küster (1848)
Symphynota gracilisLea (1829)
Symphynota fragilisFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) atratusLea (1836)
Mysca (Lymnadia) fragilisSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) gracilisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Metaptera fragilisConrad (1853)
Unio gracilisCall (1895)
Lampsilis (Proptera) gracilisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Leptodea) fragilisFrierson (1927)
Proptera gracilisHaas (1969)

Unio planus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 272, text fig. 16.
(homonym of Unio planus Studer, 1820)

Unio planusBarnes (1823)
Symphynota gracilisLea (1829)
Symphynota fragilisFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) gracilisLea (1836)
Unio leptodonConrad (1836), Küster (1861)
Unio gracilisHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) gracilisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Leptodea leptodonConrad (1853)
Lampsilis (Leptodea) leptodonFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Leptodea) velumFrierson (1927)
Proptera laevissimaFrierson (1927)
Leptodea fragilisF.C. Baker (1928), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Proptera gracilisHaas (1969)

Unio (Niaa) atrata Swainson, 1823
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr. 3(1): pl. 171.

Unio (Niaa) atrataSwainson (1823)
Margarita (Unio) atratusLea (1836)
Unio atratusSowerby (1839), Hanley (1856)
Unio atrataHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) atratusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Niäa) atratusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Naïa) atratusPaetel (1890)
Lampsilis (Proptera) gracilisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Leptodea) fragilisFrierson (1927)
Leptodea fragilisParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Mya plana Eaton, 1826
‘Barnes’ Eaton, 1826, Zool. Text-Book: 221.
(reference to Unio planus Barnes, 1823)

Mya planaEaton (1826)
Margaron (Unio) gracilisLea (1870)
Lampsilis (Proptera) gracilisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Leptodea fragilisParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Margarita (Unio) atratus Lea, 1836
‘Swain.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
(reference to Unio (Niaa) atrata Swainson, 1823)

Margarita (Unio) atratusLea (1836)
Unio atrataHanley (1843)
Unio atratusHanley (1856)
Proptera gracilisHaas (1969)

Unio leptodea var. planus Jay, 1850
‘Barnes’ Jay, 1850, Cat. Rec. Shells: 61.
(reference to Unio planus Barnes, 1823)

Unio leptodea var. planusJay (1850)
Leptodea fragilisParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Lampsilis simpsoni Ferriss, 1900
Ferriss, 1900, Nautilus 14: 38, text fig.

Lampsilis simpsoniFerriss (1900)
Lampsilis (Proptera) simpsoniSimpson (1914)
Lasmonos simpsoniUtterback (1916)
Lampsilis (Leptodea) fragilis-simpsoniFrierson (1927)
Proptera gracilisHaas (1969)
Leptodea fragilisR.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Lampsilis gracilis lacustris F.C. Baker, 1922
F.C. Baker, 1922, Nautilus 35(4): 131.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 237, pl. 80, figs. 5-7; pl. 81, figs. 1-2.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio gracilis Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) UMMZ_209186, L. Butte de Morts, Wisc.

Lampsilis gracilis lacustrisF.C. Baker (1922)
Leptodea fragilis lacustrisF.C. Baker (1928)
Leptodea fragilisR.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Medionidus macglameriae Turgeon et al., 1988
‘van der Schalie’ of Authors.
Turgeon et al., 1988, Am. Fisher. Soc. Spec. Publ. (16): 31.
Williams et al., 1993, Fisheries 18(9): 13.
(error for Medionidus mcglameriae van der Schalie, 1939)

Medionidus macglameriaeTurgeon et al. (1988)
Medionidus mcglameriaeTurgeon et al. (1998)

Unio plantus Williams et al., 2008
‘Barnes’ Williams et al., 2008, Freshw. Mussels AL and Mobile Basin: 419.
(error for Unio planus Barnes, 1823)

Unio plantusWilliams et al. (2008)

Page updated: 15:18:13 Fri 07 Aug 2020

 
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