MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
Taxonomy
 
 
Geography
 
 
 

Page last updated
Sat 17 Feb 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini

subtribe CRISTARIINA Lopes-Lima, Bogan & Froufe in Lopes-Lima et al., 2017: cladomics
     8 genera

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 37
number of subtaxa (rank: genus) = 8

analyzed in 160 cladograms in 94 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 30, mean = 4.46
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) in an analysis = 7, mean = 2.39

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 111
maximum number of included terminals = 30, mean = 5.98
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) = 7, mean = 3.0
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.84

Rigorous Monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly = 69
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one subtaxon (genus) taxon and at least one rigorous outgroup (subtribe).
maximum number of included terminals = 27, mean = 5.67
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) = 7, mean = 3.33
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly = 0.83


Pairwise Cladogram Clustering

The graphs below depict in two dimensions all pair-wise ingroup distances within the cladome. See the Cladmoics FARQ for more information.


PCoA Ordination


NJ tree


Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
24 24 19 7 98 9 2 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

                    +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
                    |                                 
                    |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea         
                    +--+                              
                    |  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  +-----------------+  +--+                           
  |                 |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |                 |                                 
  |                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |                 |  |                              
  |                 |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +----- Strophitus_undulatus    
  |                    |                              
  |                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
  |                    +--+                           
  |                       +-- Lasmigona_costata       
--+                                                   
  |                       +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |  +--------------------+                           
  |  |                    +-- Cristaria_clessini **      
  |  |                                                
  |  |        +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |  |        |                                       
  |  +--------+  +----------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis **  
  |  |        |  |                                    
  |  |        +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica **    
  |  |           |  |                                 
  |  |           +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta **  
  +--+              |  +--+                           
     |              |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini **      
     |              +--+                              
     |                 |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **     
     |                 +--+                           
     |                    +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **      
     |                                                
     |  +-------------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
     |  |                                             
     |  |           +-------- Beringiana_japonica **     
     |  |  +--------+                                 
     +--+  |        |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana **   
        |  |        +--+                              
        |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai **    
        |  |           +--+                           
        +--+              +-- Beringiana_gosannensis **  
           |                                          
           |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula **      
           |  +-----------+                           
           |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
           |  |                                       
           +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **   
              |  |                                    
              |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos **   
              |  +--------+                           
              +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
                 |                                    
                 |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] ** 
                 |  |                                 
                 +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **   
                    |  |                              
                    +--+----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
                       |                              
                       |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
                       +--+                           
                          +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] ** 

Whelan et al., 2023 [Publ 4287], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 40 40 2 20.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

                                +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis **             
  +-----------------------------+                                         
  |                             |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **              
  |                             +--+                                      
  |                                |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **            
  |                                +--+                                   
--+                                   +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **              
  |                                                                       
  |  +----------------------------------- Anodonta_cygnea                 
  |  |                                                                    
  |  |                                +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana            
  |  |  +-----------------------------+                                   
  +--+  |                             +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata        
     |  |                                                                 
     |  |  +----------------------------- Anodonta_anatina                
     |  |  |                                                              
     |  |  |                       +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]     
     +--+  |                    +--+                                      
        |  |                    |  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]     
        |  |                    |  +--+                                   
        |  |  +-----------------+     +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis          
        |  |  |                 |                                         
        |  |  |                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis[2]            
        +--+  |                 +--+                                      
           |  |                    |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis[1]            
           |  |                    +--+                                   
           |  |                       +-- Pyganodon_lacustris             
           |  |                                                           
           |  |                       +-- Utterbackiana_couperiana        
           |  |                    +--+                                   
           |  |                    |  +-- Utterbackiana_heardi            
           |  |              +-----+                                      
           |  |              |     |  +-- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata     
           +--+              |     +--+                                   
              |              |        +-- Utterbackiana_hartfieldorum     
              |  +-----------+                                            
              |  |           |     +----- Lasmigona_costata               
              |  |           |  +--+                                      
              |  |           |  |  |  +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus       
              |  |           |  |  +--+                                   
              |  |           +--+     +-- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis
              |  |              |                                         
              |  |              |  +----- Lasmigona_complanata            
              |  |              +--+                                      
              |  |                 |  +-- Arcidens_confragosus            
              |  |                 +--+                                   
              |  |                    +-- Arcidens_wheeleri               
              +--+                                                        
                 |     +----------------- Pressodonta_viridis             
                 |     |                                                  
                 |  +--+              +-- Anodontoides_denigratus         
                 |  |  |  +-----------+                                   
                 |  |  |  |           +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus      
                 |  |  +--+                                               
                 |  |     |  +----------- Strophitus_undulatus            
                 |  |     +--+                                            
                 |  |        |  +-------- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis[2]   
                 |  |        +--+                                         
                 |  |           |  +----- Strophitus_radiatus             
                 +--+           +--+                                      
                    |              |  +-- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis[1]   
                    |              +--+                                   
                    |                 +-- Strophitus_williamsi            
                    |                                                     
                    |              +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon         
                    |  +-----------+                                      
                    |  |           |  +-- Platynaias_subviridis           
                    |  |           +--+                                   
                    |  |              +-- Platynaias_compressa            
                    +--+                                                  
                       |              +-- Alasmidonta_holstonia           
                       |  +-----------+                                   
                       |  |           +-- Alasminota_etowaensis           
                       |  |                                               
                       +--+           +-- Alasmidonta_raveneliana         
                          |  +--------+                                   
                          |  |        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata           
                          |  |                                            
                          +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa            
                             |  +-----+                                   
                             |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_uwharriensis        
                             +--+                                         
                                |  +----- Alasmidonta_undulata            
                                +--+                                      
                                   |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata         
                                   +--+                                   
                                      +-- Alasmidonta_arcula              

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020 [Publ 4120], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
30 30 5 3 7 0 0 31.0
  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |  |                                    
  |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[5] **    
  |  |        |                           
--+  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[6] **    
  |  |        |                           
  |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[15] ** 
  |  |        |                           
  |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[16] ** 
  |  |  +-----+                           
  |  |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[17] ** 
  +--+  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[18] ** 
     |  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[19] ** 
     |  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[20] ** 
     |  |                                 
     |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[1] **  
     |  |  |                              
     |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[2] **  
     |  |  |                              
     +--+  +----- Beringiana_japonica[3] **  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[4] **  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[5] **  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **    
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[6] **  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **    
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1] **
        |  |                              
        +--+----- Beringiana_japonica[7] **  
           |                              
           +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[4] **    
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[8] **  
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[9] **  
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[10] ** 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[11] ** 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[12] ** 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[13] ** 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[14] ** 
           |                              
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3] **    
           +--+                           
              +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2] **

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
27 27 24 7 4 1 1 8.0
  +-------------------------------- Anodonta_cygnea           
  |                                                           
  |                       +-------- Cristaria_bellua **          
  |  +--------------------+                                   
  |  |                    |  +----- Cristaria_clessini **        
--+  |                    +--+                                
  |  |                       |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **         
  |  |                       +--+                             
  |  |                          +-- Cristaria_truncata **        
  |  |                                                        
  |  |              +-------------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis **    
  +--+              |                                         
     |  +-----------+  +----------- Anemina_arcaeformis **       
     |  |           |  |                                      
     |  |           +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica **      
     |  |              |  |                                   
     |  |              +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta **    
     |  |                 |  +--+                             
     |  |                 |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini **        
     |  |                 +--+                                
     +--+                    |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **       
        |                    +--+                             
        |                       +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **        
        |                                                     
        |                       +-- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
        |  +--------------------+                             
        |  |                    +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **       
        |  |                                                  
        |  |              +-------- Beringiana_japonica **       
        +--+  +-----------+                                   
           |  |           |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana **     
           |  |           +--+                                
           |  |              |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai **      
           |  |              +--+                             
           +--+                 +-- Beringiana_gosannensis **    
              |                                               
              |                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula **        
              |  +--------------+                             
              |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **        
              |  |                                            
              +--+  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **     
                 |  |                                         
                 |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos **     
                 +--+-----------+                             
                    |           +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **        
                    |                                         
                    |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **   
                    +--+                                      
                       |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **       
                       +--+                                   
                          |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **     
                          +--+                                
                             |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **         
                             +--+                             
                                +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **   

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
18 55 40 3 57 0 0 57.0
                    +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis[2] **     
                    |                                          
  +-----------------+  +----------- Anemina_arcaeformis[5] **     
  |                 |  |                                       
  |                 |  |  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[3] **     
  |                 +--+  |                                    
  |                    |  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[7] **     
  |                    |  |                                    
  |                    +--+  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis[4] **     
  |                       |  |                                 
  |                       |  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis[6] **     
  |                       |  |                                 
  |                       +--+----- Anemina_arcaeformis[8] **     
  |                          |                                 
  |                          +----- Anemina_arcaeformis[9] **     
  |                          |                                 
  |                          |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[1] **     
  |                          +--+                              
  |                             +-- Anemina_euscaphys **          
--+                                                            
  |                             +-- Sinanodonta_angula **         
  |                 +-----------+                              
  |                 |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **         
  |  +--------------+                                          
  |  |              |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **    
  |  |              +--+                                       
  |  |                 |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **        
  |  |                 +--+                                    
  |  |                    |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **      
  |  |                    +--+                                 
  |  |                       |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **    
  |  |                       +--+                              
  |  |                          +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **          
  |  |                                                         
  |  |              +-------------- Acuticosta_ovata[1]        
  |  |              |                                          
  |  |              |  +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis[3]    
  +--+  +-----------+  |                                       
     |  |           |  +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis[4]    
     |  |           |  |                                       
     |  |           +--+----------- Acuticosta_chinensis[6]    
     |  |              |                                       
     |  |              |        +-- Acuticosta_chinensis[1]    
     |  |              |  +-----+                              
     |  |              |  |     +-- Acuticosta_ovata[2]        
     |  |              +--+                                    
     |  |                 |  +----- Acuticosta_chinensis[5]    
     |  |                 |  |                                 
     |  |                 +--+----- Acuticosta_chinensis[7]    
     |  |                    |                                 
     |  |                    |  +-- Acuticosta_chinensis[2]    
     +--+                    +--+                              
        |                       +-- Acuticosta_ovata[3]        
        |                                                      
        |                       +-- Lepidodesma_languilati     
        |  +--------------------+                              
        |  |                    +-- Cristaria_plicata **          
        |  |                                                   
        |  |           +----------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
        |  |           |                                       
        |  |           |  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[5]      
        |  |  +--------+  |                                    
        |  |  |        |  |     +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
        |  |  |        |  +-----+                              
        |  |  |        |  |     +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
        +--+  |        +--+                                    
           |  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[4]      
           |  |           |  |                                 
           |  |           |  |  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[1]
           |  |           |  |  |                              
           |  |           +--+  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[2]
           |  |              |  |                              
           |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[3]
           |  |              |  |                              
           |  |              +--+-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[4]
           +--+                 |                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
              |                 |                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
              |                 |                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[3]      
              |                                                
              |        +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
              |  +-----+                                       
              |  |     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
              |  |     +--+                                    
              |  |        |  +----- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
              |  |        +--+                                 
              |  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
              +--+           +--+                              
                 |              +-- Aculamprotula_scripta      
                 |                                             
                 |           +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
                 |  +--------+                                 
                 |  |        |  +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae      
                 |  |        +--+                              
                 +--+           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
                    |                                          
                    |  +----------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
                    |  |                                       
                    +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus     
                       |  +-----+                              
                       |  |     +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
                       +--+                                    
                          |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens        
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei           
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
18 18 16 5 0 0 0 16.0
                 +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **    
  +--------------+                                
  |              |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **      
  |              +--+                             
  |                 |  +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **     
  |                 +--+                          
  |                    +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **    
--+                                               
  |              +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai **   
  |  +-----------+                                
  |  |           |  +----- Beringiana_gosannensis ** 
  |  |           +--+                             
  |  |              |  +-- Beringiana_japonica **    
  |  |              +--+                          
  +--+                 +-- Beringiana_beringiana **  
     |                                            
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula **     
     |  +--------------+                          
     |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
     |  |                                         
     +--+           +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
        |  +--------+                             
        |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **     
        |  |        +--+                          
        +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos **  
           |                                      
           |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
           +--+                                   
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
              +--+                                
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
                 +--+                             
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
16 34 5 6 32 0 0 38.0
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[1] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[2] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta **          
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica **        
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[1] **    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana **      
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[2] **    
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai[3] **    
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[1] **     
  |                                    
  +-------- Buldowskia_iwakawai[2] **     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[1] **      
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[2] **      
  |                                    
--+-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **        
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis **        
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[3] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_angula **         
  |                                    
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                    
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                    
  |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |  |                                 
  +--+  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
  |  |  |                              
  |  +--+-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
  |     |                              
  |     +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
  |                                    
  |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |  |                                 
  |  |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[1]   
  +--+  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[2]   
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[1]
     +--+                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[2]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[3]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[4]

Sano et al., 2022 [Publ 4311], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 12 5 0 0 0 22.0
              +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **   
  +-----------+                               
  |           |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **     
  |           +--+                            
  |              |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **   
  |              +--+                         
  |                 +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **    
--+                                           
  |           +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai **  
  |  +--------+                               
  |  |        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica **   
  |  |        +--+                            
  |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_gosannensis **
  +--+           +--+                         
     |              +-- Beringiana_beringiana ** 
     |                                        
     |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_tumens **    
     +--+                                     
        |  +----------- Sinanodonta[2] **        
        +--+                                  
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_calipygos ** 
           +--+                               
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta **     
              +--+                            
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
                 +--+                         
                    +-- Sinanodonta[1] **        

Konopleva et al., 2023 [Publ 4269], fig. S1, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
13 13 11 6 43 3 1 18.0
              +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +-----------+                              
  |           |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                                          
  |        +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
--+  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  +----- Amuranodonta_kijaensis **  
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica **    
  |  |        +--+                           
  |  |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini **      
  +--+                                       
     |     +-------- Beringiana_beringiana **   
     |  +--+                                 
     |  |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **   
     |  |  +--+                              
     |  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
     +--+     +--+                           
        |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
        |                                    
        |  +-------- Cristaria_radiata **       
        |  |                                 
        +--+     +-- Cristaria_truncata **      
           |  +--+                           
           |  |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Cristaria_bellua **        
              +--+                           
                 +-- Cristaria_clessini **      

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 10

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 12 8 2 2 0 0 14.0
                 +-- Beringiana_japonica **    
  +--------------+                          
  |              +-- Beringiana_beringiana **  
  |                                         
--+              +-- Sinanodonta_angula **     
  |  +-----------+                          
  |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  |  |                                      
  +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     |  |                                   
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos **  
     |  +--------+                          
     +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **     
        |                                   
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        |  |                                
        +--+-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
           |                                
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
           +--+                             
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
              +--+                          
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 39 37 6 61 8 2 44.0
                                +----- Buldowskia_iwakawai **        
  +-----------------------------+                                 
  |                             |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **        
  |                             +--+                              
  |                                +-- Anemina_euscaphys **          
  |                                                               
  |                    +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **        
  |                    |                                          
  |                    |        +----- Beringiana_fukuharai **       
  |  +-----------------+  +-----+                                 
--+  |                 |  |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica **        
  |  |                 |  |     +--+                              
  |  |                 +--+        +-- Beringiana_beringiana **      
  |  |                    |                                       
  |  |                    |  +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **         
  |  |                    +--+                                    
  |  |                       |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens **         
  |  |                       +--+                                 
  |  |                          |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **          
  +--+                          +--+                              
     |                             +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **       
     |                                                            
     |  +----------------------------- Cristaria_plicata **          
     |  |                                                         
     |  |                          +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
     |  |                 +--------+                              
     |  |                 |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |                 |                                       
     |  |  +--------------+     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
     +--+  |              |  +--+                                 
        |  |              |  |  |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
        |  |              |  |  +--+                              
        |  |              +--+     +-- Platynaias_compressa       
        |  |                 |                                    
        |  |                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |  |                 +--+                                 
        +--+                    |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
           |                    +--+                              
           |                       +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
           |                                                      
           |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
           |  +-----------------+                                 
           |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
           |  |                 +--+                              
           |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
           +--+                                                   
              |  +-------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
              |  |                                                
              |  |              +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
              |  |  +-----------+                                 
              +--+  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
                 |  |           +--+                              
                 |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
                 |  |                                             
                 +--+           +----- Unio_crassus               
                    |  +--------+                                 
                    |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
                    |  |        +--+                              
                    |  |           +-- Unio_pictorum              
                    |  |                                          
                    +--+     +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
                       |  +--+                                    
                       |  |  |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
                       |  |  +--+                                 
                       |  |     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      
                       |  |     +--+                              
                       +--+        +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]
                          |                                       
                          |        +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
                          |  +-----+                              
                          |  |     +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
                          +--+                                    
                             |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
                             +--+                                 
                                |  +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
                                +--+                              
                                   +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 38 36 6 60 8 2 44.0
                                +----- Buldowskia_iwakawai **        
  +-----------------------------+                                 
  |                             |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **        
  |                             +--+                              
  |                                +-- Anemina_euscaphys **          
  |                                                               
  |                          +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **        
  |                       +--+                                    
  |                       |  |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai **       
  |                       |  +--+                                 
--+                       |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica **        
  |  +--------------------+     +--+                              
  |  |                    |        +-- Beringiana_beringiana **      
  |  |                    |                                       
  |  |                    |  +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **         
  |  |                    +--+                                    
  |  |                       |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens **         
  |  |                       +--+                                 
  |  |                          |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **       
  |  |                          +--+                              
  +--+                             +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **          
     |                                                            
     |  +----------------------------- Cristaria_plicata **          
     |  |                                                         
     |  |                          +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |                 +--------+                              
     |  |                 |        +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
     |  |                 |                                       
     |  |  +--------------+     +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
     +--+  |              |  +--+                                 
        |  |              |  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
        |  |              |  |  +--+                              
        |  |              +--+     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
        |  |                 |                                    
        |  |                 |  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
        |  |                 +--+                                 
        +--+                    |  +-- Platynaias_compressa       
           |                    +--+                              
           |                       +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
           |                                                      
           |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
           |  +-----------------+                                 
           |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
           |  |                 +--+                              
           |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
           +--+                                                   
              |  +-------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
              |  |                                                
              |  |              +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
              |  |  +-----------+                                 
              +--+  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
                 |  |           +--+                              
                 |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
                 |  |                                             
                 +--+           +----- Unio_crassus               
                    |  +--------+                                 
                    |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
                    |  |        +--+                              
                    |  |           +-- Unio_pictorum              
                    |  |                                          
                    +--+     +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
                       |  +--+                                    
                       |  |  |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
                       |  |  +--+                                 
                       |  |     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      
                       |  |     +--+                              
                       +--+        +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]
                          |                                       
                          |        +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
                          |     +--+                              
                          |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
                          +-----+                                 
                                |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
                                +--+                              
                                   +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 38 36 6 60 8 2 44.0
                                   +----- Buldowskia_iwakawai **        
  +--------------------------------+                                 
  |                                |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **        
  |                                +--+                              
  |                                   +-- Anemina_euscaphys **          
  |                                                                  
  |                             +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **         
  |                          +--+                                    
  |                          |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens **         
  |                          |  +--+                                 
--+                          |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **       
  |  +-----------------------+     +--+                              
  |  |                       |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **          
  |  |                       |                                       
  |  |                       |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **        
  |  |                       +--+                                    
  |  |                          |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai **       
  |  |                          +--+                                 
  |  |                             |  +-- Beringiana_japonica **        
  |  |                             +--+                              
  +--+                                +-- Beringiana_beringiana **      
     |                                                               
     |  +-------------------------------- Cristaria_plicata **          
     |  |                                                            
     |  |                             +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
     |  |                    +--------+                              
     |  |                    |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |                    |                                       
     |  |  +-----------------+     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
     +--+  |                 |  +--+                                 
        |  |                 |  |  |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
        |  |                 |  |  +--+                              
        |  |                 +--+     +-- Platynaias_compressa       
        |  |                    |                                    
        |  |                    |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |  |                    +--+                                 
        +--+                       |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
           |                       +--+                              
           |                          +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
           |                                                         
           |  +-------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
           |  |                                                      
           |  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
           |  |  +-----------------+                                 
           +--+  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
              |  |                 +--+                              
              |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
              |  |                                                   
              +--+                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
                 |  +--------------+                                 
                 |  |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
                 |  |              +--+                              
                 |  |                 +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
                 |  |                                                
                 +--+              +----- Unio_crassus               
                    |  +-----------+                                 
                    |  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
                    |  |           +--+                              
                    |  |              +-- Unio_pictorum              
                    +--+                                             
                       |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
                       |  +-----------+                              
                       |  |           +-- Nodularia_nipponensis      
                       |  |                                          
                       +--+           +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
                          |  +--------+                              
                          |  |        +-- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
                          +--+                                       
                             |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis   
                             +--+                                    
                                |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2]
                                +--+                                 
                                   |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus      
                                   +--+                              
                                      +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1]

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 12 9 3 1 0 0 19.0
  +----------------------- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
  |                                                  
--+  +-------------------- Cristaria_truncata **        
  |  |                                               
  +--+                 +-- Sinanodonta_angula **        
     |  +--------------+                             
     |  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **        
     +--+                                            
        |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **     
        |  |                                         
        +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos **     
           |  +--------+                             
           |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **        
           +--+                                      
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **   
              |  |                                   
              +--+-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **       
                 |                                   
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **     
                 +--+                                
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **         
                    +--+                             
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **   

Froufe et al., 2017 [Publ 3802], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 7 4 2 2 1 19.0
                       +-- Anodonta_anatina       
  +--------------------+                          
  |                    +-- Anodonta_cygnea        
--+                                               
  |  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **    
  |  |                                            
  +--+                 +-- Cristaria_plicata **      
     |  +--------------+                          
     |  |              +-- Cristaria_radiata **      
     +--+                                         
        |  +-------------- Beringiana_beringiana **  
        |  |                                      
        +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
           |  |                                   
           +--+  +-------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
              |  |                                
              +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
                 |  |                             
                 +--+  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
                    |  |                          
                    +--+-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
                       |                          
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 8 4 2 0 0 22.0
                 +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **     
  +--------------+                         
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  |                                        
--+  +-------------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis **
  |  |                                     
  |  |           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **   
  +--+  +--------+                         
     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys **     
     |  |                                  
     +--+        +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **   
        |  +-----+                         
        |  |     +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai **    
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Buldowskia_shadini **    
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica **  
              +--+                         
                 +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta **

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 7 5 27 0 0 22.0
              +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **  
  |                                    
--+        +----- Beringiana_fukuharai ** 
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     |  +-- Beringiana_japonica **  
  |  |     +--+                        
  +--+        +-- Beringiana_beringiana **
     |                                 
     |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **    
           +--+                        
              +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **   

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 7 4 195 11 2 18.0
     +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
     |                                             
  +--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |  |  |                                          
  |  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
  |     |  |                                       
  |     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula **      
  |        |  +--------+                           
  |        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] ** 
  |           +--+                                 
  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
  |              +--+                              
--+                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **   
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] ** 
  |                                                
  |              +-------- Alasmidonta_marginata   
  |              |                                 
  |              +-------- Lasmigona_costata       
  |              |                                 
  |              +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |              |                                 
  |              +-------- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
  |              |                                 
  +--------------+-------- Strophitus_undulatus    
                 |                                 
                 |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
                 +--+                              
                 |  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
                 |  +--+                           
                 |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
                 |                                 
                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 7 4 192 11 2 18.0
     +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
     |                                             
  +--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |  |  |                                          
  |  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
  |     |  |                                       
  |     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula **      
  |        |  +--------+                           
  |        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] ** 
  |           +--+                                 
  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
--+              +--+                              
  |                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **   
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] ** 
  |                                                
  |                    +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
  |           +--------+                           
  |           |        +-- Lasmigona_costata       
  |           |                                    
  |           |     +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |           +-----+                              
  |           |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  +-----------+     +--+                           
              |        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
              |                                    
              |     +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
              |  +--+                              
              |  |  |  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
              |  |  +--+                           
              +--+     +-- Strophitus_undulatus    
                 |                                 
                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 44 21 4 193 11 2 52.0
  +----------------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                             
  +----------------- Alasmidonta_marginata      
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina           
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **        
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                                             
  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata **          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
  |                                             
  +----------------- Lasmigona_costata          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                             
  +----------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
  |                                             
  +----------------- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
  |                                             
  +----------------- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |                                             
  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus     
  |                                             
  |              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |        +--+                                 
--+           |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Unio_tumidus               
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus               
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus             
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Unio_pictorum              
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  |        |                                    
  +--------+     +-- Aculamprotula_coreana      
  |        |  +--+                              
  |        |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_scripta      
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_heudei           
  |        |                                    
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |        |                                    
  +--------+-------- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
  |        |                                    
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens        
  |        |                                    
  |        |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae      
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis **        
  |  |                                          
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula **         
     |  +--------+                              
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **         
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **    
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **        
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **      
              +--+                              
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **    

Bolotov et al., 2020 [Publ 4084], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 7 6 27 3 1 18.0
              +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +-----------+                              
  |           |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                                          
--+        +-------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis **  
  |  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica **    
  +--+        +--+                           
     |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini **      
     |                                       
     |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana **   
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **   
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
              +--+                           
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    

Sano et al., 2017 [Publ 3799], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 5 19 0 0 19.0
              +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai **  
--+                                    
  |  +----------- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **    
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai ** 
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Beringiana_japonica **  
           +--+                        
              +-- Beringiana_beringiana **

Vikhrev et al., 2017 [Publ 3810], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 2 2 0 0 18.0
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **    
--+                                            
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  +--+                                         
     |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     +--+                                      
        |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
        +--+                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
           +--+                                
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
              +--+                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **

Bespalaya et al., 2018 [Publ 3811], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 2 2 0 0 18.0
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **    
--+                                            
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  +--+                                         
     |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     +--+                                      
        |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        +--+                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
           +--+                                
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
              +--+                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 28 26 3 36 0 0 38.0
  +-------------------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **        
  |                                                            
  |  +----------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |  |                                                         
--+  |                          +-- Sinanodonta_angula **         
  |  |                 +--------+                              
  |  |                 |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **         
  |  |  +--------------+                                       
  |  |  |              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **        
  +--+  |              +--+                                    
     |  |                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **    
     |  |                 +--+                                 
     |  |                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **      
     |  |                    +--+                              
     |  |                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **    
     |  |                                                      
     +--+              +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
        |  +-----------+                                       
        |  |           |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta      
        |  |           +--+                                    
        |  |              |  +----- Aculamprotula_coreana      
        |  |              +--+                                 
        |  |                 |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
        |  |                 +--+                              
        |  |                    +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        +--+                                                   
           |           +----------- Cristaria_plicata **          
           |  +--------+                                       
           |  |        |  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
           |  |        +--+                                    
           |  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii         
           |  |           +--+                                 
           |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
           +--+              +--+                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
              |                                                
              |  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
              |  |                                             
              |  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
              +--+  +-----------+                              
                 |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus     
                 |  |                                          
                 +--+        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1]    
                    |  +-----+                                 
                    |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2]    
                    |  |     +--+                              
                    +--+        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae      
                       |                                       
                       |  +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens        
                       +--+                                    
                          |  +----- Tchangsinaia_piscicula     
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei           
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      

Kondakov et al., 2018 [Publ 3914], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 2 0 0 0 18.0
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **    
--+                                            
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  +--+                                         
     |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     +--+                                      
        |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        +--+                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
           +--+                                
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
              +--+                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-aa

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 4 89 12 2 20.0
           +----- Cristaria_plicata **       
     +-----+                              
     |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
     |     +--+                           
  +--+        +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |  |                                    
  |  |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai **    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                       
  |           +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |     +-----+                           
  |     |     +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |  +--+                              
  |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  |     +--+                           
  |  |        +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
  +--+                                    
     |     +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     |  |  +--+                           
     |  |     +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                                 
        |     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Platynaias_compressa    
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
           +--+                           
              +-- Lasmigona_complanata    

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-nt

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 4 90 12 2 20.0
        +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                       
  +-----+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     |  +--------+                           
  |     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai **    
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |           +--+                              
--+              |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |              +--+                           
  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                             
  |  +----------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |  |                                          
  |  +----------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  |                                       
     |  |           +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
     |  +-----------+                           
     |  |           +-- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                                       
        |        +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        |  +-----+                              
        |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
        |  |     +--+                           
        +--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           |                                    
           |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Platynaias_compressa    

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8a, S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 4 85 12 2 20.0
        +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                       
  +-----+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     |  +--------+                           
  |     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai **    
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |           +--+                              
  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
--+              +--+                           
  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                             
  |           +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |  +--------+                                 
  |  |        |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |           |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  |           +--+                           
  +--+              +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
     |                                          
     |  +-------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
     |  |                                       
     |  |        +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
     +--+  +-----+                              
        |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
        |  |     +--+                           
        +--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           |                                    
           |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Platynaias_compressa    

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8b, S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 4 85 12 2 20.0
        +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                       
  +-----+           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     |  +--------+                           
  |     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +-------- Beringiana_fukuharai **    
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |           +--+                              
--+              |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |              +--+                           
  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                             
  |  +----------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |  |                                          
  |  |        +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |  |  +-----+                                 
  +--+  |     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
     |  |     +--+                              
     |  |        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  |        +--+                           
     +--+           +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
        |                                       
        |        +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        |  +-----+                              
        |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
        |  |     +--+                           
        +--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           |                                    
           |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Platynaias_compressa    

Bolotov et al., 2016 [Publ 3732], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 1 2 0 0 19.0
  +-------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
--+                                      
  |  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
  +--+                                   
     |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
     +--+                                
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
           +--+                          
              +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 3 135 9 2 20.0
                 +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
        +--------+                           
        |        +-- Cristaria_radiata **       
  +-----+                                    
  |     |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |        +--+                              
  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
--+           +--+                           
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
  |                                          
  |  +-------------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |                                       
  |  |        +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +--+  +-----+                              
     |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |  |     +--+                           
     |  |        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
     +--+                                    
        |        +-- Lasmigona_costata       
        |  +-----+                           
        |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
              +--+                           
                 +-- Strophitus_undulatus    

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 3 135 9 2 20.0
           +-- Cristaria_plicata **  
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cristaria_radiata **  
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida ** 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **  
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3764], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 18 0 3 125 9 2 33.0
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |                           
  +-- Lasmigona_costata       
  |                           
  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |                           
  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
  |                           
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus    
--+                           
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
  |                           
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |                           
  +-- Cristaria_radiata **       
  |                           
  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
  |                           
  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |                           
  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola    
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]   
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]   

Wu et al., 2018 [Publ 3836], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 3 47 7 2 18.0
           +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis **  
           |                              
           +-------- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +--------+                              
  |        |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
  |        |  +--+                        
  |        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **
  |        +--+                           
--+           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **   
  |           +--+                        
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula **   
  |                                       
  |  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea      
  |  |                                    
  +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina     
     |  |                                 
     +--+  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus 
        |  |                              
        +--+  +----- Platynaias_compressa 
           |  |                           
           +--+----- Alasmidonta_marginata
              |                           
              |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta  
              +--+                        
                 +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 2 2 0 0 22.0
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  +--------+                         
  |        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **    
--+                                  
  |  +-------- Beringiana_gosannensis **
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai **  
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Beringiana_beringiana ** 
        +--+                         
           +-- Beringiana_japonica **   

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 3 1 0 0 23.0
           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **       
  +--------+                             
  |        +-- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
--+                                      
  |  +-------- Cristaria_radiata **         
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Cristaria_clessini **        
     +--+                                
        |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **         
        +--+                             
           +-- Cristaria_truncata **        

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 31 23 6 34 4 2 43.0
                             +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **         
  +--------------------------+                               
  |                          +-- Amuranodonta_kijaensis **      
  |                                                          
  |                       +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **         
  |  +--------------------+                                  
  |  |                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **         
--+  |                    +--+                               
  |  |                       +-- Beringiana_beringiana **       
  |  |                                                       
  |  |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola        
  |  |  |                                                    
  |  |  +----------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis        
  +--+  |                                                    
     |  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati      
     |  |                                                    
     |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_oxyrhyncha      
     |  |                                                    
     |  +----------------------- Cristaria_plicata **           
     |  |                                                    
     |  |                    +-- Alasmidonta_marginata       
     +--+                 +--+                               
        |                 |  +-- Lasmigona_costata           
        +-----------------+                                  
        |                 |  +-- Anodonta_anatina            
        |                 +--+                               
        |                    +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata    
        |                                                    
        |  +-------------------- Aculamprotula_fibrosa       
        |  |                                                 
        |  |              +----- Middendorffinaia_mongolica  
        |  |  +-----------+                                  
        +--+  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae        
           |  |           +--+                               
           |  |              +-- Nodularia_breviconcha       
           |  |                                              
           |  |              +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis       
           +--+  +-----------+                               
              |  |           +-- Cuneopsis_heudei            
              |  |                                           
              |  |           +-- Diaurora_aurorea            
              |  |        +--+                               
              |  |        |  +-- Diaurora_laeve              
              |  +--------+                                  
              +--+        |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus   
                 |        +--+                               
                 |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus      
                 |                                           
                 |           +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis
                 |  +--------+                               
                 |  |        +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata    
                 |  |                                        
                 +--+        +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis    
                    |  +-----+                               
                    |  |     +-- Inversiunio_reinianus       
                    +--+                                     
                       |  +----- Tchangsinaia_piscicula      
                       +--+                                  
                          |  +-- Unio_pictorum               
                          +--+                               
                             +-- Unio_crassus                

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 6 34 4 2 19.0
              +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
           +--+                           
           |  +-- Lasmigona_costata       
  +--------+                              
  |        |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |        +--+                           
--+           +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |  |                                    
  +--+        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Amuranodonta_kijaensis **  
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
           +--+                           
              +-- Beringiana_beringiana **   

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 9a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 0 0 0 19.0
  +----------- Buldowskia_flavotincta **
--+                                  
  |  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana ** 
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii ** 
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **     
        +--+                         
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 9c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 0 0 0 22.0
  +----------- Buldowskia_flavotincta ** 
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
        +--+                          
           +-- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  

Xue et al., 2016 [Publ 3659], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 6 4 3 11 1 1 23.0
        +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Platynaias_compressa
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis ** 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3745], fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 4 76 9 2 20.0
     +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
  |        +--+                           
--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |                                       
  |        +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |        |                              
  |  +-----+  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |     |  |                           
  |  |     +--+-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  |        |                           
  +--+        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
     |                                    
     |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus    
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
           +--+                           
              +-- Lasmigona_costata       

Fonseca et al., 2016 [Publ 3775], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 27 5 2 22.0
        +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |     |  +--+                           
  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3792], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 28 5 2 22.0
     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |     |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
           +--+                           
              +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       

Huang et al., 2018 [Publ 3828], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 38 5 2 22.0
     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |     |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
           +--+                           
              +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017 [Publ 3837], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 19 6 2 22.0
        +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     |  +--+                           
  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+        +--+                           
  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |                                       
  |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  +--------+                           
  |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 52 6 2 22.0
           +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
           |                                 
  +--------+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |        |  +--+                           
  |        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |        +--+                              
--+           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |                                          
  |  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea         
  +--+                                       
     |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Lasmigona_costata       
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
              +--+                           
                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wang et al., 2018 [Publ 3846], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 27 3 2 22.0
        +----- Anodonta_anatina    
  +-----+                          
  |     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis   
  |     +--+                       
--+        +-- Platynaias_compressa
  |                                
  |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |  |                             
  +--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys **   
     |  +--+                       
     |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis ** 
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
        +--+                       
           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Aunins et al., 2018 [Publ 3863], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 36 7 2 22.0
        +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     |  +--+                           
  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |        +--+                           
--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |                                       
  |           +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  +--------+                           
  |  |        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  |                                    
  +--+        +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2019 [Publ 3864], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 42 5 2 22.0
     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |     |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
           +--+                           
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    

Wang et al., 2018 [Publ 3865], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 27 3 2 22.0
        +----- Anodonta_anatina    
  +-----+                          
  |     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis   
  |     +--+                       
--+        +-- Platynaias_compressa
  |                                
  |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |  |                             
  +--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys **   
     |  +--+                       
     |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis ** 
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
        +--+                       
           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Cha et al., 2018 [Publ 3916], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 34 5 2 22.0
     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |     |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
           +--+                           
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 40 5 2 22.0
        +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     |  +--+                           
  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 40 5 2 22.0
     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |     |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
           +--+                           
              +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 2 0 0 21.0
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
--+                             
  |  +----- Cristaria_clessini **  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
     +--+                       
        +-- Cristaria_radiata **   

Riccardi et al., 2019 [Publ 4089], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 15 9 2 22.0
              +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
              |                                 
  +-----------+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |           |  +--+                           
  |           |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |           +--+                              
  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
--+              +--+                           
  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                             
  |  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |                                          
  |  |           +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +--+  +--------+                              
     |  |        |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
     |  |        +--+                           
     +--+           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
        |                                       
        |  +----------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
        +--+                                    
           |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Fukata & Iigo, 2020 [Publ 4106], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 49 6 2 22.0
     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
     |                                 
  +--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |  |  +--+                           
  |  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |  +--+                              
  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |                                    
  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  |                                 
  +--+     +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     |  +--+                           
     |  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
        +--+                           
           +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 

Wu et al., 2020 [Publ 4121], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 45 5 2 22.0
     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |     |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
           +--+                           
              +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       

Zieritz et al., 2021 [Publ 4231], fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 44 5 2 22.0
     +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |     +--+                              
--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |     |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
        |  +--+                           
        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
           +--+                           
              +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 34 6 2 22.0
        +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |     |  +--+                           
  |     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
--+        +--+                           
  |           +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |                                       
  |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  +--------+                           
  |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 69 6 2 22.0
        +-------- Cristaria_plicata **       
        |                                 
  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |     |  +--+                           
  |     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
--+        +--+                           
  |           +-- Anemina_euscaphys **       
  |                                       
  |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  +--------+                           
  |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 71 9 2 19.0
     +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
  |        +--+                           
--+           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |  |  +--+                              
  |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |     +--+                           
  +--+        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |                                    
     |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus    
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
           +--+                           
              +-- Lasmigona_costata       

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 71 9 2 19.0
     +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis **     
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |     +--+                              
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **     
  |        +--+                           
--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **       
  |                                       
  |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |  +--+                              
  |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |  |     +--+                           
  +--+        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     |                                    
     |        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Lasmigona_costata       
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus    
           +--+                           
              +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022 [Publ 4263], fig. S5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 34 2 2 22.0
           +-- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--------+                       
  |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis   
--+                                
  |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **   
  |  |                             
  +--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis ** 
     |  +--+                       
     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **   
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
        +--+                       
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Bogan et al., 2023 [Publ 4295], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 1 0 0 24.0
  +----------- Cristaria_truncata **        
--+                                      
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **       
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Pletholophus_honglinhensis **
     +--+                                
        |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **       
        +--+                             
           +-- Pletholophus_reinianus **    

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 9b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 0 0 0 20.0
  +-------- Buldowskia_flavotincta **
--+                               
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii ** 
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **     
     +--+                         
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  

Klishko et al., 2014 [Publ 3666], fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 0 0 0 22.0
     +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Cristaria_radiata **    
--+                           
  |  +-- Beringiana_beringiana **
  +--+                        
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 

Klishko et al., 2016 [Publ 3733], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 0 0 0 22.0
     +-- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Cristaria_radiata **    
--+                           
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
  +--+                        
     +-- Beringiana_beringiana **

Sayenko et al., 2017 [Publ 3760], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 0 0 0 20.0
  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana **
--+                              
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
     +--+                        
        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **    

Feng et al., 2016 [Publ 3800], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 11 3 2 22.0
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis ** 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Bolotov et al., 2018 [Publ 3826], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 81 6 2 20.0
           +-------- Cristaria_plicata **    
  +--------+                              
  |        |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis **  
  |        +--+                           
  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **  
--+           +--+                        
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **    
  |                                       
  |  +-------------- Anodonta_anatina     
  +--+                                    
     |  +----------- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                                 
        |  +-------- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
        +--+                              
           |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
           +--+                           
              |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
              +--+                        
                 +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 2 0 0 22.0
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **     
--+                               
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii ** 
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **   
     +--+                         
        +-- Pletholophus_reinianus **

Bulakhova et al., 2023 [Publ 4325], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 0 0 0 22.0
     +-- Beringiana_beringiana ** 
  +--+                         
  |  +-- Beringiana_japonica **   
--+                            
  |  +-- Beringiana_gosannensis **
  +--+                         
     +-- Beringiana_fukuharai **  

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 15 5 2 21.0
     +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  +--+                                 
  |  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |  +--+                              
  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                    
  |        +-- Platynaias              
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     +-- Platynaias_compressa    
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
        +--+                           
           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         

Ouyang et al., 2011 [Publ 3408], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 10 0 0 21.0
  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis **  
--+                           
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **
  +--+                        
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 

Wu et al., 2016 [Publ 3711], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 7 5 3 18 4 2 26.0
  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
--+                                          
  |  +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  +--+                                       
     |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
              +--+                           
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019 [Publ 4042], fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 3 3 1 23.0
     +----- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--+                          
  |  |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata 
  |  +--+                       
--+     +-- Anodonta_cygnea     
  |                             
  |  +----- Cristaria_radiata **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis ** 
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Wu et al., 2018 [Publ 4143], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 7 5 3 19 4 2 26.0
  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
--+                                          
  |  +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  +--+                                       
     |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
              +--+                           
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Wu et al., 2020 [Publ 4147], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 27 4 2 22.0
        +----- Cristaria_plicata **       
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
        +--+                           
           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Chen et al., 2020 [Publ 4170], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 34 32 3 31 8 2 53.0
                       +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon   
                    +--+                                
                    |  |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa      
                    |  +--+                             
                    |     +-- Anemina_euscaphys **         
  +-----------------+                                   
  |                 |     +-- Lamprotula_caveata        
  |                 |  +--+                             
  |                 |  |  +-- Chamberlainia_somsakpanhai
  |                 +--+                                
  |                    |  +-- Pseudodon_vondembuschianus
  |                    +--+                             
  |                       +-- Pilsbryoconcha_exilis     
  |                                                     
  |                 +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus 
  |           +-----+                                   
  |           |     |  +----- Lepidodesma_languilati    
  |           |     +--+                                
--+           |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana     
  |           |        +--+                             
  |  +--------+           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa    
  |  |        |                                         
  |  |        |        +----- Platynaias_compressa      
  |  |        |  +-----+                                
  |  |        |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis    
  |  |        |  |     +--+                             
  |  |        +--+        +-- Pyganodon_grandis         
  |  |           |                                      
  |  |           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **        
  |  |           +--+                                   
  |  |              |  +----- Cristaria_plicata **         
  |  |              +--+                                
  +--+                 |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea           
     |                 +--+                             
     |                    +-- Anodonta_anatina          
     |                                                  
     |     +----------------- Gibbosula_crassa          
     |  +--+                                            
     |  |  |  +-------------- Quadrula_quadrula         
     |  |  +--+                                         
     |  |     |  +----------- Toxolasma_parvum          
     |  |     +--+                                      
     |  |        |  +-------- Lampsilis_ornata          
     |  |        +--+                                   
     |  |           |  +----- Potamilus_leptodon        
     +--+           +--+                                
        |              |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea     
        |              +--+                             
        |                 +-- Lampsilis_powellii        
        |                                               
        |                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis  
        |  +--------------+                             
        |  |              +-- Potamilus_alatus          
        +--+                                            
           |  +-------------- Lamprotula_leaii          
           |  |                                         
           +--+           +-- Sinohyriopsis_cumingii    
              |  +--------+                             
              |  |        +-- Sinohyriopsis_schlegelii  
              +--+                                      
                 |  +-------- Parvasolenaia_rivularis   
                 +--+                                   
                    |  +----- Sinosolenaia_carinata     
                    +--+                                
                       |  +-- Sinosolenaia_iridinea     
                       +--+                             
                          +-- Sinosolenaia_oleivora     

Kano et al., 2019 [Publ 4194], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 7 0 0 23.0
  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta **  
--+                         
  |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis **
  +--+                      
     +-- Beringiana_japonica **

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022 [Publ 4263], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 33 2 2 23.0
        +-- Anodonta_anatina  
  +-----+                     
  |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis 
--+                           
  |  +----- Cristaria_plicata ** 
  +--+                        
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **
     +--+                     
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys ** 

Dai et al., 2023 [Publ 4285], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 50 4 2 22.0
        +----- Cristaria_plicata **     
  +-----+                            
  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **   
  |     +--+                         
--+        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  |                                  
  |  +-------- Anodonta_cygnea       
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Platynaias_compressa  
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
        +--+                         
           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis

Dai et al., 2024 [Publ 4358], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 49 4 2 22.0
        +----- Cristaria_plicata **     
  +-----+                            
  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **   
  |     +--+                         
--+        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  |                                  
  |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina      
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Platynaias_compressa  
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
        +--+                         
           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 32 5 1 --
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  +-----------+                           
  |           +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
--+                                       
  |  +----------- Utterbackiana_couperiana
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Strophitus_radiatus     
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata 
           +--+                           
              +-- Lasmigona_costata       

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 32 5 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Zhou et al., 2007 [Publ 2658], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 21 0 0 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Zhou et al., 2007 [Publ 2658], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 21 0 2 19 0 0 41.0
  +-------------------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **       
  |                                                      
  |  +----------------------- Cristaria_plicata **          
  |  |                                                   
--+  |                 +----- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |  |        +--------+                                 
  |  |        |        |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  |  |        |        +--+                              
  |  |  +-----+           +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  +--+  |     |                                          
     |  |     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
     |  |     +--+                                       
     |  |        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta      
     |  |        +--+                                    
     |  |           |  +----- Aculamprotula_fibrosa      
     |  |           +--+                                 
     |  |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_zonata       
     +--+              +--+                              
        |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis
        |                                                
        |           +-------- Lamprotula_leaii           
        |  +--------+                                    
        |  |        |  +----- Lamprotula_cornuumlunae    
        |  |        +--+                                 
        |  |           |  +-- Gibbosula_rochechouartii   
        |  |           +--+                              
        +--+              +-- Lamprotula_caveata         
           |                                             
           |              +-- Theliderma_intermedia      
           |  +-----------+                              
           |  |           +-- Theliderma_sparsa          
           +--+                                          
              |  +----------- Quadrula_quadrula          
              +--+                                       
                 |  +-------- Pustulosa_infucata         
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +----- Quadrula_verrucosa         
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Pustulosa_kieneriana       
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Pustulosa_succissa         

Chong et al., 2008 [Publ 2668], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 19 18 2 --
  +-- Beringiana_beringiana **
--+                        
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 

Zhang et al., 2004 [Publ 2735], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 12 0 0 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 7 3 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **   

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 3a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 4 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **   

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 3b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 7 3 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **   

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 3b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 4 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 6 3 1 --
  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                                 
--+     +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  +--+                           
  |  |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
     +--+                           
        +-- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **   

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 6 3 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
--+                        
  +-- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013 [Publ 3531], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 33 3 1 --
        +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                             
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Platynaias_compressa
     +--+                       
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Huang et al., 2013 [Publ 3629], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 14 4 1 --
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  +--------+                           
  |        +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
--+                                    
  |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
        +--+                           
           +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Zhou et al., 2016 [Publ 3710], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 6 0 2 18 4 1 26.0
  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                       
  |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Platynaias_compressa    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Xia et al., 2016 [Publ 3712], fig. 7B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 3 0 2 1 0 0 23.0
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
--+                            
  |  +-- Cristaria_plicata **     
  +--+                         
     +-- Sinohyriopsis_cumingii

Guerra et al., 2017 [Publ 3772], fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 8 0 2 23 6 2 28.0
  +----------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                          
--+  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata **       
  |  |                                       
  +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
     |  |                                    
     +--+        +-- Platynaias_subviridis   
        |  +-----+                           
        |  |     +-- Platynaias_compressa    
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
              +--+                           
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2017 [Publ 3772], fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 23 6 2 --
              +-- Cristaria_plicata **       
  +-----------+                           
  |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                       
  |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |                                    
  +--+        +-- Platynaias_subviridis   
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Platynaias_compressa    
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Zhou et al., 2017 [Publ 3788], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 15 0 0 --
  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **
--+                      
  +-- Anemina_euscaphys **  

Wen et al., 2017 [Publ 3795], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 14 1 1 --
  +----- Anodonta_anatina    
--+                          
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +--+                       
     +-- Cristaria_plicata **   

Pfeiffer et al., 2019 [Publ 3937], fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 55 2 2 --
     +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +--+                       
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                          
  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea     
  +--+                       
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Pfeiffer et al., 2019 [Publ 3937], fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 55 2 2 --
     +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +--+                       
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                          
  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea     
  +--+                       
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Riccardi et al., 2019 [Publ 4089], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 4 4 1 --
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis **     
  |                                 
--+     +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  +--+                           
  |  |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
     +--+                           
        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         

Tomilova et al., 2020 [Publ 4097], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 6 4 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Zhang et al., 2013 [Publ 4214], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 4 0 2 2 0 0 24.0
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **          
--+                                    
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta **          
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera
     +--+                              
        +-- Lamprotula_leaii           

Pfarrer et al., 2022 [Publ 4305], fig. 2-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 3 1 --
        +-- Cristaria_plicata **   
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                             
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anodonta_cygnea     

Nagel et al., 1998 [Publ 1946], fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 5 1 --
  +----------- Anodonta_cygnea     
--+                                
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Anodonta[2]         
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
        +--+                       
           +-- Anodonta[1]         

Mock et al., 2004 [Publ 2686], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 --
  +-- Anodonta            
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Mock et al., 2004 [Publ 2686], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 --
  +-- Anodonta            
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Gustafson & Iwamoto, 2005 [Publ 2741], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 2 1 --
  +----- Beringiana_beringiana **
--+                           
  |  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis 
  +--+                        
     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana 

Plazzi & Passamonti, 2010 [Publ 3354], fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Breton et al., 2011 [Publ 3376], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 12 1 --
  +-------------------- Cristaria_plicata **          
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
--+  +--------------+                              
  |  |              +-- Lasmigona_costata          
  |  |                                             
  +--+  +-------------- Strophitus_undulatus       
     |  |                                          
     |  |           +-- Platynaias_compressa       
     |  |        +--+                              
     +--+        |  +-- Platynaias_subviridis      
        |  +-----+                                 
        |  |     |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
        |  |     +--+                              
        |  |        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
        +--+                                       
           |        +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
           |  +-----+                              
           |  |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Nagel et al., 1996 [Publ 3400], fig. 351

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 5 1 --
  +----------- Anodonta_cygnea     
--+                                
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Anodonta[2]         
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
        +--+                       
           +-- Anodonta[1]         

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 3 1 --
-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 1 1 --
-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 3 1 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                              
  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  +--+                           
     +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 4-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 --
  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 5a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 --
  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 5b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 --
  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 8a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 2 1 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                          
  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--+                       
     +-- Anodonta_cygnea     

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 8a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 8b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 2 1 --
-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Soroka, 2010 [Publ 3404], fig. 8b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Jiang et al., 2010 [Publ 3438], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Chen et al., 2012 [Publ 3624], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis
--+                    
  +-- Cristaria_plicata **

Wei et al., 2016 [Publ 3665], fig. 0

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 1 1 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Zieritz et al., 2012 [Publ 3673], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 3 1 --
-- Sinanodonta_woodiana

Plazzi et al., 2011 [Publ 3676], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 4 2 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Peng et al., 2012 [Publ 3689], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Soroka, 2008 [Publ 3695], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 2 2 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                          
  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--+                       
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Soroka, 2008 [Publ 3695], fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 2 2 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                          
  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--+                       
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Sheng et al., 2014 [Publ 3704], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 1 1 --
-- Cristaria_plicata

Mezhzherin et al., 2014 [Publ 3705], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 3 1 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                           
        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         

Mezhzherin et al., 2014 [Publ 3705], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 3 1 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
     +--+                           
        +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata

Smith et al., 2018 [Publ 3790], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 18 1 --
  +-------------------- Cristaria_plicata **               
  |                                                     
  |                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis        
  |  +--------------+                                   
  |  |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis               
--+  |                                                  
  |  |              +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus      
  |  |     +--------+                                   
  |  |     |        +-- Anodontoides_denigratus         
  |  |     |                                            
  +--+  +--+     +----- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis      
     |  |  |  +--+                                      
     |  |  |  |  |  +-- Strophitus_radiatus             
     |  |  |  |  +--+                                   
     |  |  +--+     +-- Strophitus_williamsi            
     |  |     |                                         
     |  |     |  +----- Strophitus_howellsi[2]          
     |  |     +--+                                      
     +--+        |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus            
        |        +--+                                   
        |           +-- Strophitus_howellsi[1]          
        |                                               
        |           +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata         
        |  +--------+                                   
        |  |        +-- Alasminota_etowaensis           
        |  |                                            
        +--+        +-- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis
           |  +-----+                                   
           |  |     +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus       
           |  |                                         
           +--+     +-- Utterbackiana_couperiana        
              |  +--+                                   
              |  |  +-- Utterbackiana_heardi            
              +--+                                      
                 |  +-- Utterbackiana_hartfieldorum     
                 +--+                                   
                    +-- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata     

Amaro et al., 2017 [Publ 3791], fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 3 1 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |                              
--+  +-- Lasmigona_costata       
  |  |                           
  +--+-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
     |                           
     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Froufe et al., 2017 [Publ 3802], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 3 1 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata **  
--+                            
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina   
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea    
     +--+                      
        +-- Anodonta_exulcerata

Froufe et al., 2017 [Publ 3802], fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 3 1 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                             
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anodonta_cygnea     

Huang et al., 2018 [Publ 3828], fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Chase et al., 2018 [Publ 3847], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 14 2 --
  +-------------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **       
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |  +--------------+                              
--+  |              +-- Anodonta_anatina           
  |  |                                             
  |  |              +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
  |  |        +-----+                              
  +--+        |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |  +-----+                                    
     |  |     |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
     |  |     +--+                                 
     |  |        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
     |  |        +--+                              
     +--+           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
        |                                          
        |           +-- Lasmigona_costata          
        |  +--------+                              
        |  |        +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
        |  |                                       
        +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
           |  +-----+                              
           |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus       
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Platynaias_compressa       
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Platynaias_subviridis      

Inoue et al., 2018 [Publ 3858], fig. 1, 3a-c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 204 20 2 --
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
  |                              
  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
  |                              
  +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
  |                              
  +-- Beringiana_beringiana **      
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_kennerlyi         
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_confragosus       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_wheeleri          
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
  |                              
--+-- Platynaias_compressa       
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_costata          
  |                              
  +-- Platynaias_decorata        
  |                              
  +-- Platynaias_subviridis      
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
  |                              
  +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus  
  |                              
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018 [Publ 3862], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018 [Publ 3862], fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 3 2 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                              
--+----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                              
  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  +--+                           
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018 [Publ 3862], fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Froufe et al., 2019 [Publ 3936], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Liu et al., 2017 [Publ 3939], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 0 0 --
-- Anemina_arcaeformis

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 6 2 --
  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                       
--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |                                    
  +--+        +-- Platynaias_compressa    
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Platynaias_subviridis   
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 6 2 --
  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |                                       
--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |                                    
  +--+        +-- Platynaias_compressa    
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Platynaias_subviridis   
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2019 [Publ 4168], fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 3 2 --
     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  +--+                           
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
--+                              
  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                           
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    

Zieritz et al., 2021 [Publ 4231], fig. 3-M, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Wu et al., 2022 [Publ 4238], fig. 2e

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 3 2 --
  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Smith, 2021 [Publ 4331], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 2 1 --
  +----- Cristaria_plicata **       
--+                              
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                           
     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Page updated: 10:58:30 Sat 17 Feb 2024

 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."