MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
Taxonomy
 
 
Geography
 
 
 

Page last updated
Mon 06 May 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Alasmidontina

genus Alasmidonta Say, 1818: cladomics
     11 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 12

analyzed in 51 cladograms in 33 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 8, mean = 1.45

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 8
maximum number of included terminals = 8, mean = 3.88
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.62


Pairwise Cladogram Clustering

The graphs below depict in two dimensions all pair-wise ingroup distances within the cladome. See the Cladmoics FARQ for more information.


PCoA Ordination


NJ tree


Whelan et al., 2023 [Publ 4287], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 9 7 8 36 28 12 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram *** *** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

     +----------------- Pressodonta_viridis          
     |                                               
  +--+              +-- Anodontoides_denigratus      
  |  |  +-----------+                                
  |  |  |           +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus   
  |  +--+                                            
  |     |  +----------- Strophitus_undulatus         
  |     +--+                                         
  |        |  +-------- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis[2]
  |        +--+                                      
  |           |  +----- Strophitus_radiatus          
--+           +--+                                   
  |              |  +-- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis[1]
  |              +--+                                
  |                 +-- Strophitus_williamsi         
  |                                                  
  |              +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon      
  |  +-----------+                                   
  |  |           |  +-- Platynaias_subviridis        
  |  |           +--+                                
  |  |              +-- Platynaias_compressa         
  +--+                                               
     |              +-- Alasmidonta_holstonia **        
     |  +-----------+                                
     |  |           +-- Alasminota_etowaensis        
     |  |                                            
     +--+           +-- Alasmidonta_raveneliana **      
        |  +--------+                                
        |  |        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **        
        |  |                                         
        +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **         
           |  +-----+                                
           |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_uwharriensis **     
           +--+                                      
              |  +----- Alasmidonta_undulata **         
              +--+                                   
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata **      
                 +--+                                
                    +-- Alasmidonta_arcula **           

Whelan et al., 2023 [Publ 4287], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 7 22 21 11 2.0
     +-------------------- Alasminota_etowaensis           
     |                                                     
     |              +----- Pressodonta_viridis             
  +--+  +-----------+                                      
  |  |  |           |  +-- Platynaias_subviridis           
  |  |  |           +--+                                   
  |  |  |              +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon         
  |  +--+                                                  
  |     |              +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus      
  |     |  +-----------+                                   
  |     |  |           +-- Anodontoides_denigratus         
  |     +--+                                               
  |        |  +----------- Strophitus_undulatus            
  |        +--+                                            
  |           |  +-------- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis[2]   
  |           +--+                                         
--+              |  +----- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis[1]   
  |              +--+                                      
  |                 |  +-- Strophitus_radiatus             
  |                 +--+                                   
  |                    +-- Strophitus_williamsi            
  |                                                        
  |                    +-- Arcidens_confragosus            
  |                 +--+                                   
  |                 |  +-- Arcidens_wheeleri               
  |        +--------+                                      
  |        |        |  +-- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis
  |        |        +--+                                   
  |        |           +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus       
  +--------+                                               
           |           +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **           
           |  +--------+                                   
           |  |        +-- Alasmidonta_raveneliana **         
           |  |                                            
           +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **            
              |  +-----+                                   
              |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_uwharriensis **        
              +--+                                         
                 |  +----- Alasmidonta_undulata **            
                 +--+                                      
                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata **         
                    +--+                                   
                       +-- Alasmidonta_arcula **              

Whelan et al., 2023 [Publ 4287], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 24 22 10 5.0
                 +----- Utterbackiana_couperiana           
                 |                                         
     +-----------+  +-- Utterbackiana_heardi               
     |           |  |                                      
     |           +--+-- Utterbackiana_hartfieldorum        
     |              |                                      
  +--+              +-- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata        
  |  |                                                     
  |  |  +-------------- Alasminota_etowaensis              
  |  |  |                                                  
  |  +--+           +-- Arcidens_confragosus               
  |     |  +--------+                                      
  |     |  |        +-- Arcidens_wheeleri                  
  |     +--+                                               
  |        |  +-------- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis[3]
  |        +--+                                            
  |           |  +----- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis[2]
  |           +--+                                         
--+              |  +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus          
  |              +--+                                      
  |                 +-- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis[1]
  |                                                        
  |              +----- Alasmidonta_raveneliana **            
  |              |                                         
  |              |  +-- Alasmidonta_uwharriensis **           
  |  +-----------+--+                                      
  |  |           |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **               
  |  |           |                                         
  |  |           |  +-- Alasmidonta_arcula **                 
  |  |           +--+                                      
  +--+              +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata **            
     |                                                     
     |  +-------------- Platynaias_subviridis              
     |  |                                                  
     |  |     +-------- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis         
     |  |  +--+                                            
     +--+  |  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus               
        |  |  +--+                                         
        |  |     |  +-- Strophitus_radiatus                
        |  |     +--+                                      
        +--+        +-- Strophitus_williamsi               
           |                                               
           |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis                  
           |  +-----+                                      
           |  |     +-- Pyganodon_cataracta                
           +--+                                            
              |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis           
              +--+                                         
                 |  +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus         
                 +--+                                      
                    +-- Anodontoides_denigratus            

Inoue et al., 2014 [Publ 3635], fig. 3A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 18 12 7 6.0
     +-------- Pyganodon_grandis          
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |     +--+                              
--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |                                       
  |        +-- Platynaias_compressa       
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Platynaias_subviridis      
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Alasmidonta_undulata **       
        +--+                              
           +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **       

Chong et al., 2008 [Publ 2668], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 21 0 2 19 6 6 26.0
  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea          
  |                                           
  +----------------- Pyganodon_fragilis       
  |                                           
  +----------------- Alasmidonta_holstonia **    
  |                                           
  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina         
  |                                           
  +----------------- Unio_tumidus             
  |                                           
  |              +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
  +--------------+                            
  |              +-- Anodonta_californiensis  
  |                                           
--+              +-- Beringiana_beringiana    
  +--------------+                            
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |                                           
  |              +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus
  |              |                            
  +--------------+-- Alasmidonta_marginata **    
  |              |                            
  |              +-- Lasmigona_complanata     
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
  |  |                                        
  |  |        +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
  |  +--------+                               
  +--+        |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon  
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Platynaias_compressa     
     |                                        
     |  +----------- Anodonta_oregonensis[4]  
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Anodonta_oregonensis[3]  
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Anodonta_oregonensis[2]  
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis[1]  
              +--+                            
                 +-- Anodonta_kennerlyi       

Breton et al., 2011 [Publ 3376], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 10 5 --
           +-- Platynaias_compressa       
        +--+                              
        |  +-- Platynaias_subviridis      
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **      
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata **       
--+                                       
  |        +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
        +--+                              
           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Chase et al., 2018 [Publ 3847], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 10 5 --
           +-- Lasmigona_costata    
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Lasmigona_complanata 
  |                                 
--+        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata ** 
  |  +-----+                        
  |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Platynaias_compressa 
        +--+                        
           +-- Platynaias_subviridis

Inoue et al., 2018 [Publ 3858], fig. 1, 3a-c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 21 0 2 195 15 8 26.0
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **      
  |                              
  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon    
  |                              
  +-- Alasmidonta_undulata **       
  |                              
  +-- Beringiana_beringiana      
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_kennerlyi         
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_confragosus       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_wheeleri          
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
  |                              
--+-- Platynaias_compressa       
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_costata          
  |                              
  +-- Platynaias_decorata        
  |                              
  +-- Platynaias_subviridis      
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
  |                              
  +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus  
  |                              
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]

Graf & Cummings, 2006 [Publ 1968], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_costata    
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000 [Publ 2648], fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 4 3 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_costata    
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis   

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000 [Publ 2648], fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 4 3 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_costata    
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis   

Graf, 2002 [Publ 2651], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 1 1 --
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
--+                        
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Lydeard et al., 1996 [Publ 2656], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 5 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_radiatus    
--+                             
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata      
  +--+                          
     +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata **

Lydeard et al., 1996 [Publ 2656], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_radiatus    
--+                             
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata      
  +--+                          
     +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata **

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_radiatus    
--+                             
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata **
  +--+                          
     +-- Lasmigona_costata      

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 4 4 --
  +----- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |                              
--+----- Utterbackiana_couperiana
  |                              
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata ** 
  +--+                           
     +-- Lasmigona_costata       

Campbell et al., 2005 [Publ 2660], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 115 3 3 --
-- Alasmidonta_holstonia

Campbell et al., 2005 [Publ 2660], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 113 3 3 --
-- Alasmidonta_holstonia

Krebs et al., 2003 [Publ 2691], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 8 6 --
-- Alasmidonta_triangulata

Hoeh et al., 2009 [Publ 2716], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_costata    
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Hoeh et al., 2009 [Publ 2716], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_costata    
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Hoeh et al., 2009 [Publ 2716], fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 3 3 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_costata    
--+                              
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Boyer et al., 2011 [Publ 2718], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 5 4 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  |                           
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis    
  |                           
--+  +-- Lasmigona_complanata 
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata    
  |                           
  |  +-- Platynaias_compressa 
  +--+                        
     +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Boyer et al., 2011 [Publ 2718], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 8 7 --
        +----- Lasmigona_complanata      
  +-----+                                
  |     |  +-- Lasmigona_costata         
  |     +--+                             
--+        +-- Arcidens_confragosus      
  |                                      
  |  +-------- Utterbackia_imbecillis    
  |  |                                   
  +--+-------- Alasmidonta_marginata **     
     |                                   
     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis         
     +--+                                
        |  +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus
        +--+                             
           +-- Platynaias_compressa      

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009 [Publ 3697], fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 3 3 --
  +----- Lasmigona_costata    
  |                           
--+  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |  |                        
  +--+-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
     |                        
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017 [Publ 3745], fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 140 4 4 --
        +-- Lasmigona_costata    
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
--+                              
  |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
     +--+                        
        +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3761], fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 140 4 4 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis    
  |                           
  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                           
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Bolotov et al., 2017 [Publ 3764], fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 130 4 4 --
-- Alasmidonta_marginata

Araujo et al., 2018 [Publ 3779], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
--+                        
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **

Smith et al., 2018 [Publ 3790], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 17 7 --
           +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata **         
  +--------+                                   
  |        +-- Alasminota_etowaensis           
  |                                            
--+        +-- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis
  |  +-----+                                   
  |  |     +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus       
  |  |                                         
  +--+     +-- Utterbackiana_couperiana        
     |  +--+                                   
     |  |  +-- Utterbackiana_heardi            
     +--+                                      
        |  +-- Utterbackiana_hartfieldorum     
        +--+                                   
           +-- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata     

Bolotov et al., 2018 [Publ 3826], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Wu et al., 2018 [Publ 3836], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 52 4 3 --
  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                              
--+  +----- Platynaias_compressa 
  |  |                           
  +--+----- Alasmidonta_marginata **
     |                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta  
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 203 6 5 --
-- Alasmidonta_marginata

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 200 6 5 --
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
--+                        
  +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 201 6 5 --
-- Alasmidonta_marginata

Aunins et al., 2018 [Publ 3863], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 4 3 --
        +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020 [Publ 4080], fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 121 4 4 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis    
  |                           
  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                           
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Fukata & Iigo, 2020 [Publ 4106], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 53 3 3 --
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                           
  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                              
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **    
  +--+                           
     +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 72 5 4 --
     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa **    
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Platynaias_compressa    
  |                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 5 4 --
     +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |                                 
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa **    
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Platynaias_compressa    
     +--+                           
        +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 

Sano et al., 2020 [Publ 4138], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 71 5 4 --
     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa **    
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon 
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Platynaias_compressa    
  |                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Chen et al., 2020 [Publ 4170], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 5 4 --
-- Alasmidonta_varicosa

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 4 --
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022 [Publ 4260], fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 4 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_costata    
--+                              
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis    
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua  

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 1 1 --
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
--+                        
  +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Chen et al., 2023 [Publ 4302], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 1 1 --
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata **
--+                        
  +-- Lasmigona_costata    

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-aa

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 95 6 5 --
     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **   
  +--+                          
  |  +-- Platynaias_compressa   
--+                             
  |  +-- Prolasmidonta_heterodon
  +--+                          
     +-- Lasmigona_complanata   

Wu et al., 2023 [Publ 4339], fig. 4, S5-nt

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 96 6 5 --
  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon
--+                             
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **   
  +--+                          
     +-- Platynaias_compressa   

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8a, S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 91 6 5 --
  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon
--+                             
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **   
  +--+                          
     +-- Platynaias_compressa   

Wu et al., 2024 [Publ 4350], fig. 8b, S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 91 6 5 --
  +----- Prolasmidonta_heterodon
--+                             
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa **   
  +--+                          
     +-- Platynaias_compressa   

Page updated: 08:53:02 Mon 06 May 2024

 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."