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Page last updated
Fri 02 Dec 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

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The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

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Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Cristariina

genus Sinanodonta Modell, 1945: cladomics
     9 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 9

analyzed in 121 cladograms in 66 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 29, mean = 2.4

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 54
maximum number of included species = 29, mean = 4.15
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.74


Huang et al., 2019, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
29 29 15 29 79 22 2 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

                       +-- Sinanodonta_angula **      
  +--------------------+                           
  |                    +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |                                                
  |              +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[11] **
  |              |                                 
  |  +-----------+  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[5] ** 
  |  |           |  |                              
--+  |           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica[1] **
  |  |           +--+  |                           
  |  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[3] ** 
  |  |              |  |                           
  |  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[4] ** 
  |  |              +--+                           
  |  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[8] ** 
  +--+                 |                           
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[9] ** 
     |                 |                           
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[14] **
     |                                             
     |  +----------------- Sinanodonta[6] **          
     |  |                                          
     |  |     +----------- Sinanodonta[7] **          
     |  |     |                                    
     |  |  +--+  +-------- Sinanodonta[5] **          
     +--+  |  |  |                                 
        |  |  +--+  +----- Sinanodonta[1] **          
        |  |     |  |                              
        |  |     +--+----- Sinanodonta[3] **          
        |  |        |                              
        |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta[2] **          
        +--+        +--+                           
           |           +-- Sinanodonta[4] **          
           |                                       
           |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] ** 
           |  |                                    
           |  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_elliptica[2] **
           |  |  |                                 
           |  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] ** 
           +--+  |                                 
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[7] ** 
              |  |                                 
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[10] **
              |  |                                 
              +--+-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[13] **
                 |                                 
                 |     +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica[3] **
                 +-----+                           
                 |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[12] **
                 |                                 
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica[4] **
                 |  |                              
                 +--+----- Sinanodonta_elliptica[6] **
                    |                              
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica[5] **
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[6] ** 

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 5 10 113 14 6 27.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

  +-------------------- Pletholophus_tenuis    
  |                                            
  |           +-------- Beringiana_japonica    
  |  +--------+                                
--+  |        |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana  
  |  |        +--+                             
  |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai   
  |  |           +--+                          
  +--+              +-- Beringiana_gosannensis 
     |                                         
     |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula **     
     |  +-----------+                          
     |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
     |  |                                      
     +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
        |  |                                   
        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos **  
        |  +--------+                          
        +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **     
           |                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
           |  |                                
           +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
              |  |                             
              +--+----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
                 |                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 10

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 5 10 4 2 1 27.0
                 +-- Beringiana_japonica    
  +--------------+                          
  |              +-- Beringiana_beringiana  
  |                                         
--+              +-- Sinanodonta_angula **     
  |  +-----------+                          
  |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  |  |                                      
  +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     |  |                                   
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos **  
     |  +--------+                          
     +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **     
        |                                   
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        |  |                                
        +--+-------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
           |                                
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica **  
           +--+                             
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
              +--+                          
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 29 4 9 28 21 2 20.5
  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata       
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |  |                                    
  |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[5] **    
  |  |        |                           
--+  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[6] **    
  |  |        |                           
  |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[15] 
  |  |        |                           
  |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[16] 
  |  |  +-----+                           
  |  |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[17] 
  +--+  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[18] 
     |  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[19] 
     |  |     |                           
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[20] 
     |  |                                 
     |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[1]  
     |  |  |                              
     |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[2]  
     |  |  |                              
     +--+  +----- Beringiana_japonica[3]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[4]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[5]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **    
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[6]  
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **    
        |  |                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1] **
        |  |                              
        +--+----- Beringiana_japonica[7]  
           |                              
           +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[4] **    
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[8]  
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[9]  
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[10] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[11] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[12] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[13] 
           |                              
           +----- Beringiana_japonica[14] 
           |                              
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3] **    
           +--+                           
              +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2] **

Kondakov et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 8 1 1 1 27.0
  +----------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
--+                                               
  |  +-------------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  +--+                                            
     |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     +--+                                         
        |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        +--+                                      
           |  +----------- Sinanodonta_jourdyi **    
           +--+                                   
              |  +-------- Sinanodonta[2] **         
              +--+                                
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
                 +--+                             
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Sinanodonta[1] **         

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 11 8 8 67 8 4 25.0
  +----------------- Pletholophus_tenuis     
  |                                          
  |        +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |  +-----+                                 
--+  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **    
  |  |        +--+                           
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
     |                                       
     |           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3] **    
     |  +--------+                           
     |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[3]  
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Beringiana_japonica[2]  
        |  |                                 
        +--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **    
           |  +--+                           
           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1] **
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Beringiana_japonica[1]  
              +--+                           
                 +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2] **

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 12 9 8 67 8 4 25.0
           +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |        +--+                              
  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
--+           +--+                           
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3] **    
  |                                          
  |  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis     
  |  |                                       
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **    
     |  +--------+                           
     |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[1]  
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Beringiana_japonica[3]  
        |  |                                 
        +--+     +-- Beringiana_japonica[2]  
           |  +--+                           
           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2] **
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **    
              +--+                           
                 +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1] **

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 12 9 8 67 8 4 25.0
           +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +----- Sinanodonta_tumens **      
  |        +--+                              
  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **    
  |           +--+                           
--+              +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **    
  |                                          
  |  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis     
  |  |                                       
  |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **    
  +--+  +--------+                           
     |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[1]  
     |  |                                    
     +--+        +-- Beringiana_japonica[3]  
        |  +-----+                           
        |  |     +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2] **
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[2]  
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3] **    
              +--+                           
                 +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1] **

Vikhrev et al., 2017, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 7 3 1 1 26.0
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
--+                                            
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  +--+                                         
     |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     +--+                                      
        |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        +--+                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[4] **
           +--+                                
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
              +--+                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[3] **

Bespalaya et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 7 3 1 1 26.0
  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis    
--+                                            
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  +--+                                         
     |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **  
     +--+                                      
        |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[4] **
        +--+                                   
           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[3] **
           +--+                                
              |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
              +--+                             
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
                 +--+                          
                    +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **      

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 32 4 7 39 9 4 22.0
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[1]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[2]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica[1]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica[2]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1] **   
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2] **   
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[1]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[2]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[1] **      
  |                                    
--+-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[2] **      
  |                                    
  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[3]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[3]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_angula **         
  |                                    
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati     
  |                                    
  |     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae       
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis      
  |                                    
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa     
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Acuticosta_chinensis       
  |                                    
  |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus  
  |  |                                 
  |  |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[1]   
  +--+  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[2]   
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[1]
     +--+                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[2]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[3]
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[4]

Sano et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 9 6 6 36 5 4 28.0
              +-- Cristaria_plicata     
  +-----------+                         
  |           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |                                     
  |     +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis   
--+  +--+                               
  |  |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  |  |  +--+                            
  |  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3] **  
  |  |     +--+                         
  +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **    
     |                                  
     |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **  
     |  +-----+                         
     |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[2]
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **  
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Beringiana_japonica[1]
           +--+                         
              +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos ** 

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 194 3 3 25.0
  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata      
  |                                         
--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis    
  |  |                                      
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula **     
     |  +--------+                          
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
     +--+                                   
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        +--+                                
           |  +----- Sinanodonta[2] **         
           +--+                             
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
              +--+                          
                 +-- Sinanodonta[1] **         

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 192 3 3 25.0
  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata      
  |                                         
--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis    
  |  |                                      
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula **     
     |  +--------+                          
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
     +--+                                   
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        +--+                                
           |  +----- Sinanodonta[2] **         
           +--+                             
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
              +--+                          
                 +-- Sinanodonta[1] **         

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 195 3 3 25.0
  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis    
  |                                      
--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula **     
  |  +--------+                          
  |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **     
  +--+                                   
     |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **
     +--+                                
        |  +----- Sinanodonta[1] **         
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
           +--+                          
              +-- Sinanodonta[2] **         

Sano et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 7 4 5 24 5 4 27.5
                 +-- Cristaria_plicata     
  +--------------+                         
  |              +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  |                                        
--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis   
  |  |                                     
  |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **    
  +--+  +--------+                         
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3] **  
     |  |                                  
     +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[2] **  
        |  +-----+                         
        |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[2]
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[1]
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos ** 
              +--+                         
                 +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[1] **  

Froufe et al., 2017, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 6 4 3 26.0
              +-- Cristaria_plicata    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Cristaria            
--+                                    
  |  +----------- Beringiana_beringiana
  +--+                                 
     |  +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida **   
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Sinanodonta[2] **       
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
           +--+                        
              +-- Sinanodonta[1] **       

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 54 6 2 25.0
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata     
  |                               
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  |  +--+                         
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica ** 
  +--+                            
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **    
--+  +--+                         
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_angula **    
  |                               
  |     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[1]
  |     |                         
  |     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[2]
  |     |                         
  +-----+-- Anemina_globosula[1]  
        |                         
        +-- Anemina_globosula[2]  
        |                         
        +-- Anemina_globosula[3]  

Soroka, 2010, fig. 9a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 3 3 3 28.0
  +-------------- Buldowskia_flavotincta 
--+                                      
  |  +----------- Beringiana_beringiana  
  +--+                                   
     |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[3] **
     +--+                                
        |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis    
           +--+                          
              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **

Soroka, 2010, fig. 9c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 2 2 2 28.0
  +----------- Buldowskia_flavotincta 
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[3] **
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis    
        +--+                          
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 37 2 2 26.0
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                          
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_angula **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Bolotov et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 33 6 5 29.0
  +----------- Cristaria_plicata    
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **    
        +--+                        
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 

Soroka, 2010, fig. 9b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 3 0 2 2 2 2 29.0
  +-------- Buldowskia_flavotincta 
--+                                
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2] **
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis    
     +--+                          
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1] **

Ouyang et al., 2011, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 11 1 1 --
  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis  
--+                           
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica **
  +--+                        
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 

Xue et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 14 3 2 --
     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                       
  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
--+                          
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 2 0 0 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 79 3 3 --
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis 
--+                             
  |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Sayenko et al., 2017, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 3 0 2 2 2 2 29.0
  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana
--+                              
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
     +--+                        
        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis  

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 3 0 2 138 4 3 28.0
           +-- Cristaria_plicata  
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cristaria          
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida ** 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Sinanodonta **        
        +--+                      
           +-- Anemina            

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 3 0 2 138 4 3 28.0
           +-- Cristaria_plicata  
  +--------+                      
  |        +-- Cristaria          
--+                               
  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                            
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida ** 
     +--+                         
        |  +-- Anemina            
        +--+                      
           +-- Sinanodonta **        

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 18 0 2 125 4 3 29.0
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata   
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                           
  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
  |                           
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
  |                           
  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |                           
  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua     
  |                           
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus    
--+                           
  +-- Anemina                 
  |                           
  +-- Cristaria_plicata       
  |                           
  +-- Cristaria               
  |                           
  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis     
  |                           
  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **      
  |                           
  +-- Sinanodonta **             
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola    
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]   
  |                           
  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]   

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 30 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 31 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Feng et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 13 2 1 --
     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                       
  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
--+                          
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 41 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 22 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 55 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 30 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Aunins et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 39 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Wu et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 45 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 30 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  

Cha et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 43 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 42 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 8 3 --
                 +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **     
  +--------------+                         
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  |                                        
--+  +-------------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis
  |  |                                     
  |  |           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  +--+  +--------+                         
     |  |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys     
     |  |                                  
     +--+        +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai   
        |  +-----+                         
        |  |     +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai    
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Buldowskia_shadini    
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica  
              +--+                         
                 +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 6 4 1 --
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **  
  +--------+                         
  |        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens **    
--+                                  
  |  +-------- Beringiana_gosannensis
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Beringiana_fukuharai  
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Beringiana_beringiana 
        +--+                         
           +-- Beringiana_japonica   

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 5 3 1 --
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
--+                             
  |  +----- Cristaria_clessini  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Cristaria_plicata   
     +--+                       
        +-- Cristaria_radiata   

Riccardi et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 18 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys   
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
     +--+                       
        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Tomilova et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 6 0 0 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Fukata & Iigo, 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 52 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 48 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta **   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 47 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 72 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata   
  |                             
--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
  |  +--+                       
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida **  
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
     +--+                       
        +-- Anemina_euscaphys   

Nagel et al., 1998, fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   

Zhou et al., 2007, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   

Zhou et al., 2007, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Chong et al., 2008, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 1 1 --
  +-- Beringiana_beringiana
--+                        
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 

Mock et al., 2004, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Mock et al., 2004, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Zhang et al., 2004, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   

Plazzi & Passamonti, 2010, fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Nagel et al., 1996, fig. 351

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 4-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 5a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 5b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Huang et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   

Klishko et al., 2014, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 3 2 --
     +-- Cristaria_plicata    
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Cristaria            
--+                           
  |  +-- Beringiana_beringiana
  +--+                        
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 

Zieritz et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Soroka, 2008, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Mezhzherin et al., 2014, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Mezhzherin et al., 2014, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Zhou et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Wu et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 2 2 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Xia et al., 2016, fig. 7B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Klishko et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 3 2 --
     +-- Cristaria_plicata    
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Cristaria            
--+                           
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana ** 
  +--+                        
     +-- Beringiana_beringiana

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Wen et al., 2017, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   

Froufe et al., 2017, fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bolotov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 3 3 --
  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis
--+                         
  |  +-- Sinanodonta **        
  +--+                      
     +-- Anemina            

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 1 1 --
  +-- Cristaria_plicata   
--+                       
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 2 2 --
  +----- Cristaria_plicata   
--+                          
  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 
  +--+                       
     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 3 2 --
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata     
--+                               
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii ** 
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis   
     +--+                         
        +-- Pletholophus_reinianus

Riccardi et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 1 1 --
  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana **
--+                       
  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis 

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 2 2 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 2 2 --
  +----- Cristaria_plicata  
--+                         
  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida ** 
  +--+                      
     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Chen et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 2 2 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Kano et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 2 2 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta **  
--+                         
  |  +-- Pletholophus_tenuis
  +--+                      
     +-- Beringiana_japonica

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-M, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 2e

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Page updated: 11:39:16 Fri 02 Dec 2022

 
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