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Page last updated
Wed 15 May 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Ortmanniana

species Ortmanniana ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819): synonymy
     9 specimens available.

Unio crassus Say, 1817
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 150, fig. 5.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth. 2: pl. 249, fig. 1 [as Unio sp.].
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1817, Nich. Encyc. 2: [11], pl. 1, fig. 8.
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc. 4: [16], pl. 1, fig. 8.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 49.
(homonym of Unio crassus Retzius, 1788)

Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 71, sp. 3, var. c. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819)

Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 72, sp. 7.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MPL_0039, rapporte de l’Ohio.

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 40.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20222, Kentucky River.

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. alternata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. cuprea Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. nigrofasciata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 259, pl. 11, fig. 10.

Unio ellipticus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 259, pl. 13, fig. 19.
(homonym of Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820)

Mya gravis Wood, 1828
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 3, pl. 1, sp. 6.
Hanley in Wood & Hanley, 1856, Index Testac.: 199, pl. 1, fig. 6.

Unio cariosus Wood, 1828
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 57, pl. 1, sp. 6.
(misidentified reference to Unio cariosus Say, 1817)

Obliquaria pallens Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20240, [no locality available - North America].

Obliquaria (Sintoxia) calendis Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.

Unio ellipsarius Say, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: 224.
(misidentified reference to Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) ellipsaria Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio fasciatus Conrad, 1835
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(1): 3, pl. 1.
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 249.
(reference to Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio pinguis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 84.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 78, pl. 15, fig. 58.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85008, St. Peters River, Upper Mississippi.

Unio delodontus Sowerby, 1867
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 57, sp. 288.
(misidentified reference to Unio delodonta Lamarck, 1819)

Unio luteolus Sowerby, 1867
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 58, fig. 293a. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio luteola Lamarck, 1819)

Unio crassidens Sowerby, 1868
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 62, sp. 312.
(reference to Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819)

Unio ligamentinoides Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 164.

Unio pictus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 63, sp. 316.
(misidentified reference to Unio pictus Lea, 1834)

Unio venustus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 64, sp. 326.
(misidentified reference to Unio venustus Lea, 1838)

Unio upsonii Marsh, 1887
Marsh, 1887, Conch. Exchange 1(9-10): 51.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MCZ_5551, Kishwaukee River, Winnebago Co., Illinois.

Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentina var. gibbus Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 540.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_160597, Black Rock, Arkansas.

Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentina var. nigrescens Simpson, 1914
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_150410, Kankakee R., Ill.

Lampsilis (s.s.) sowerbyana Frierson, 1927
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 63, sp. 316 [as ‘Unio pictus’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 69, sp. 308.

Unio elypticus Haas, 1930
‘Say’ Haas, 1930, Senckenbergiana 12(6): 328. [MS]
(intro'd as syn of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Actinonaias carinata orbis Morrison, 1942
Morrison, 1942, Bulletin Bur. Amer. Ethnol. 129: 361.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84998, Florence, Alabama.

Page updated: 16:07:15 Wed 15 May 2019

 
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