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Page last updated
Tue 24 Mar 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini | Ortmanniana

species Ortmanniana ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819): synonymy
     9 specimens available.

Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 72, sp. 7.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MPL_0039, rapporte de l’Ohio.

Unio ligamentinaLamarck (1819), Ferussac (1835)
Unio crassusLea (1834), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866)
Margarita (Unio) crassusLea (1836)
Unio herosHanley (1843)
Unio ligamentinusKüster (1848), Conrad (1853), Paetel (1890), Call (1895), Henderson (1935)
Margaron (Unio) ligamentinusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Elliptio) ligamentinusMörch (1853)
Unio (Hyridella) ligamentinaAdams & Adams (1857)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ligamentinusCall (1900)
Lampsilis ligamentinaOrtmann (1909)
Nephronaias ligamentinaOrtmann (1912), Utterback (1916)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Actinonaias carinataOrtmann & Walker (1922), Mathiak (1979)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)
Actinonaias carinatusF.C. Baker (1928)
Actinonaias carinata carinataMurray & Leonard (1962)
Actinonaias ligamentinaR.I. Johnson (1969), R.I. Johnson (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), Vidrine (1993), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Bogan & Hoeh (2000), Hoeh et al. (2001), Graf (2002), Hoeh et al. (2002), Hoeh et al. (2002), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Sietman (2003), Roe & Hoeh (2003), Jones et al. (2005), Campbell et al. (2005), Walker et al. (2006), Zanatta & Murphy (2006), Graf & Cummings (2007), Chapman et al. (2008), Williams et al. (2008), Chapman et al. (2008), Elderkin et al. (2008), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Boyer et al. (2011), Grobler et al. (2011), IUCN (2011), Haag (2012), McMurray et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Szumowski et al. (2012), Krebs et al. (2013), Bogan (2013), Jones (2015), Chong et al. (2016), Lopes-Lima et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2017), Williams et al. (2017), Bolotov et al. (2018), Porto-Hannes et al. (2019), Huang et al. (2019), Inoue et al. (2019), Smith et al. (2019), Bolotov et al. (2020)
Ellipsaria ligamentinaMorrison (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentina carinataOesch (1984)
Actinonaias ligamentina ligamentinaWatters et al. (2009)
Ortmanniana ligamentinaPfeiffer et al. (2019)

Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 259, pl. 11, fig. 10.

Unio carinatusBarnes (1823)
Unio cariosusLea (1829)
Unio fasciatusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1835), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) crassusLea (1836)
Unio crassusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) ligamentinusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio ligamentinusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Actinonaias carinataOrtmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), Mathiak (1979), Gordon et al. (1979), Davis & Fuller (1981), Graf & Ó Foighil (2000), Graf & Cummings (2006), Jadhav & Jamkhedkar (2009), Hoeh et al. (2009)
Actinonaias carinatusOrtmann (1925), F.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Lampsilis (sec. Ortmanniana) carinataThiele (1934)
Actinonaias carinata carinataMurray & Leonard (1962), Burch (1975), ITIS (2012)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata carinataHaas (1969)
Ellipsaria ligamentinaMorrison (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaR.I. Johnson (1980), Vidrine (1993), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Actinonaias ligamentina carinataOesch (1984), Watters et al. (2009)

Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentina var. gibbus Simpson, 1900
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 540.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_160597, Black Rock, Arkansas.

Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentina var. gibbusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinus var. gibbusSimpson (1900)
Nephronaias ligamentinaOrtmann (1912)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentina var. gibbaSimpson (1914)
Nephronaias ligamentina gibbaUtterback (1916)
Actinonaias carinata var. gibbaOrtmann (1924)
Actinonaias carinatus gibbaOrtmann (1925)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata-calendisFrierson (1927)
Actinonaias carinata gibbaMurray & Leonard (1962), Burch (1975), Gordon et al. (1979), ITIS (2012)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata calendisHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaR.I. Johnson (1980), Vidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Actinonaias ligamentina ligamentinaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 40.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20222, Kentucky River.

Unio (Elliptio) fasciataRafinesque (1820)
Potamilus fasciatusRafinesque (1818)
Unio fasciatusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1835), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853)
Actinonaias carinataOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) fasciataFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Ligumia siliquoidea siliquoideaHaas (1969)
Lampsilis siliquoideaVidrine (1993)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Obliquaria (Sintoxia) calendis Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.

Obliquaria (Sintoxia) calendisRafinesque (1831)
Unio cyclipsFerussac (1835)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata-calendisFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata calendisHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio pinguis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 84.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 6]: 78, pl. 15, fig. 58.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85008, St. Peters River, Upper Mississippi.

Unio pinguisLea (1857)
Margaron (Unio) pinguisLea (1870)
Unio ligamentinusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) pinguisSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata-pinguisFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata pinguisHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaVidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio upsonii Marsh, 1887
Marsh, 1887, Conch. Exchange 1(9-10): 51.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MCZ_5551, Kishwaukee River, Winnebago Co., Illinois.

Unio upsoniiMarsh (1887)
Unio ligamentinusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata-upsoniFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata upsoniiHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Lampsilis (s.s.) sowerbyana Frierson, 1927
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 63, sp. 316 [as ‘Unio pictus’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 69, sp. 308.

Lampsilis (s.s.) sowerbyanaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Actinonaias pectorosaR.I. Johnson (1980)

Actinonaias carinata orbis Morrison, 1942
Morrison, 1942, Bulletin Bur. Amer. Ethnol. 129: 361.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84998, Florence, Alabama.

Actinonaias carinata orbisMorrison (1942)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata orbisHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaR.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Actinonaias ligamentina carinataWatters et al. (2009)

Unio crassus Say, 1817
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 150, fig. 5.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth. 2: pl. 249, fig. 1 [as Unio sp.].
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1817, Nich. Encyc. 2: [11], pl. 1, fig. 8.
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc. 4: [16], pl. 1, fig. 8.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 49.
(homonym of Unio crassus Retzius, 1788)

Unio crassusSay (1817), Say (1819), Lea (1834), Jay (1835), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866), Sowerby (1868)
Unio crassidensLamarck (1819), Menke (1830)
Unio (Elliptio) crassaRafinesque (1820)
Unio peruvianaBory de St. Vincent (1827)
Unio cariosusLea (1829)
Margarita (Unio) crassusLea (1836)
Unio ligamentinusKüster (1848), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) ligamentinusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio fasciatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Elliptio) ligamentinusMörch (1853)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) ligamentinusCall (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Actinonaias carinataOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Actinonaias carinatusF.C. Baker (1928)
Actinonaias carinata carinataBurch (1975)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)
Actinonaias ligamentina ligamentinaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 71, sp. 3, var. c. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819)

Unio crassidensLamarck (1819), Menke (1830), Sowerby (1868)
Unio crassusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836)
Mysca crassidensSchlüter (1838)
Unio ligamentinusKüster (1848)
Unio (Elliptio) ligamentinusMörch (1853)
Actinonaias ligamentinaR.I. Johnson (1969)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. alternata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. alternataRafinesque (1820)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. cuprea Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. cupreaRafinesque (1820)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. nigrofasciata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. nigrofasciataRafinesque (1820)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio ellipticus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 259, pl. 13, fig. 19.
(homonym of Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio ellipticusBarnes (1823)
Unio cariosusLea (1829)
Unio crassusFerussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866)
Margarita (Unio) crassusLea (1836)
Unio ligamentinusKüster (1848), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) ligamentinusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio fasciatusConrad (1853)
Unio (Elliptio) ligamentinusMörch (1853)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Actinonaias carinataOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)
Actinonaias carinatusF.C. Baker (1928)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata carinataHaas (1969)
Actinonaias carinata carinataBurch (1975)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Mya gravis Wood, 1828
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 3, pl. 1, sp. 6.
Hanley in Wood & Hanley, 1856, Index Testac.: 199, pl. 1, fig. 6.

Mya gravisWood (1828)
Unio cariosusWood (1828)
Unio crassusFerussac (1835), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1866)
Margarita (Unio) crassusLea (1836)
Margaron (Unio) ligamentinusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata carinataHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio cariosus Wood, 1828
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 57, pl. 1, sp. 6.
(misidentified reference to Unio cariosus Say, 1817)

Unio cariosusWood (1828)
Unio crassusFerussac (1835)

Obliquaria pallens Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20240, [no locality available - North America].

Obliquaria pallensRafinesque (1831)
Unio pallensFerussac (1835)

Unio ellipsarius Say, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: 224.
(misidentified reference to Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) ellipsaria Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio ellipsariusSay (1834)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata carinataHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio fasciatus Conrad, 1835
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(1): 3, pl. 1.
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 249.
(reference to Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio fasciatusConrad (1835), Küster (1848)
Margarita (Unio) crassusLea (1836)
Unio crassusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) ligamentinusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio ligamentinusCall (1895)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)

Unio delodontus Sowerby, 1867
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 57, sp. 288.
(misidentified reference to Unio delodonta Lamarck, 1819)

Unio delodontusSowerby (1867)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio luteolus Sowerby, 1867
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 58, fig. 293a. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Unio luteola Lamarck, 1819)

Unio luteolusSowerby (1867)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) luteolaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio crassidens Sowerby, 1868
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 62, sp. 312.
(reference to Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819)

Unio crassidensSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio ligamentinoides Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 164.

Unio ligamentinoidesLea (1868)
Unio ligamentinusHenderson (1935)

Unio pictus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 63, sp. 316.
(misidentified reference to Unio pictus Lea, 1834)

Unio pictusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (s.s.) sowerbyanaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Actinonaias pectorosaR.I. Johnson (1980)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Unio venustus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 64, sp. 326.
(misidentified reference to Unio venustus Lea, 1838)

Unio venustusSowerby (1868)
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentinusSimpson (1900)
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentinaSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinataFrierson (1927)
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis pleasiiOesch (1984)
Actinonaias ligamentinaParmalee & Bogan (1998)

Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentina var. nigrescens Simpson, 1914
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_150410, Kankakee R., Ill.

Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentina var. nigrescensSimpson (1914)
Lampsilis (Ortmanniana) carinata carinataHaas (1969)
Actinonaias ligamentinaR.I. Johnson (1980), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008)

Unio elypticus Haas, 1930
‘Say’ Haas, 1930, Senckenbergiana 12(6): 328. [MS]
(intro'd as syn of Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio elypticusHaas (1930)
Lampsilis (Ligumia) fasciataHaas (1930)

Page updated: 15:42:14 Tue 24 Mar 2020

 
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