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Page last updated
Sun 06 Nov 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini

genus Elliptio Rafinesque, 1819: cladomics
     42 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 42

analyzed in 58 cladograms in 36 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 20, mean = 2.12

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 19
maximum number of included species = 20, mean = 4.42
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.84


Inoue et al., 2018, fig. 1, 3a-c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
20 155 50 20 184 136 8 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram *** *** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

  +----------------------------------------- Elliptoideus_sloatianus  
  |                                                                   
  |                                      +-- Elliptio_lanceolata **      
  |  +-----------------------------------+                            
  |  |                                   +-- Parvaspina_collina       
  |  |                                                                
  |  |  +----------------------------------- Plethobasus_cyphyus      
  |  |  |                                                             
  |  |  +----------------------------------- Eurynia_dilatata         
  |  |  |                                                             
  |  |  +----------------------------------- Hemistena_lata           
  |  |  |                                                             
  |  |  |                                +-- Elliptio_complanata **      
--+  |  |                                |                            
  |  |  |                                +-- Elliptio_hopetonensis **    
  |  |  |                                |                            
  |  |  |                                +-- Elliptio_producta[1] **     
  |  |  |                                |                            
  |  |  |                                +-- Elliptio_shepardiana **     
  |  |  |                                |                            
  |  |  |                                +-- Elliptio_angustata **       
  |  |  |                                |                            
  |  |  |                                +-- Elliptio_arca **            
  |  |  |                                |                            
  |  |  |                                +-- Elliptio_arctata **         
  |  |  |                                |                            
  +--+  |                                +-- Elliptio_jayensis **        
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_crassidens **      
     |  |                                |                            
     |  +--------------------------------+-- Elliptio_dariensis **       
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_fisheriana **      
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_folliculata **     
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_fumata **          
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_icterina **        
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_mcmichaeli **      
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_producta[2] **     
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_pullata **         
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_purpurella **      
     |  |                                |                            
     |  |                                +-- Elliptio_congaraea **       
     |  |                                                             
     +--+                                +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana    
        |                                |                            
        |  +-----------------------------+-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides 
        |  |                             |                            
        |  |                             +-- Pleuronaia_gibber        
        |  |                                                          
        |  |     +-------------------------- Pleurobema_plenum        
        |  |     |                                                    
        |  |     |  +----------------------- Pleurobema_stabile       
        |  |     |  |                                                 
        |  |     |  |                 +----- Pleurobema_pyriforme     
        |  |  +--+  |              +--+                               
        |  |  |  |  |              |  |  +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2] 
        |  |  |  |  |              |  +--+                            
        |  |  |  |  |  +-----------+     +-- Pleurobema_athearni      
        |  |  |  |  |  |           |                                  
        |  |  |  +--+  |           |  +----- Pleurobema_decisum       
        |  |  |     |  |           |  |                               
        |  |  |     |  |           +--+  +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1] 
        |  |  |     |  |              |  |                            
        |  |  |     |  |              +--+-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[1]
        |  |  |     |  |                 |                            
        |  |  |     |  |                 +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[2]
        |  |  |     |  |                                              
        |  |  |     +--+     +-------------- Pleurobema_beadleianum[2]
        |  |  |        |     |                                        
        |  |  |        |  +--+  +----------- Pleurobema_strodeanum[2] 
        |  |  |        |  |  |  |                                     
        |  |  |        |  |  +--+----------- Pleurobema_rubellum      
        |  |  |        |  |     |                                     
        |  |  |        |  |     |  +-------- Pleurobema_beadleianum[1]
        |  |  |        |  |     +--+                                  
        |  |  |        |  |        |  +----- Pleurobema_taitianum     
        |  |  |        |  |        +--+                               
        |  |  |        |  |           |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum     
        |  |  |        +--+           +--+                            
        |  |  |           |              +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum[1] 
        |  |  |           |                                           
        |  |  |           |           +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[6]   
        |  |  |           |           |                               
        |  |  |           |        +--+----- Pleurobema_clava[3]      
        |  |  |           |        |  |                               
        |  |  |           |        |  |  +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[5]   
        |  |  |           |        |  +--+                            
        +--+  |           +--------+     +-- Pleurobema_clava[2]      
           |  |                    |                                  
           |  |                    |  +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[2]   
           |  |                    |  |                               
           |  |                    |  +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[3]   
           |  |                    +--+                               
           |  |                       +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[4]   
           |  |                       |                               
           |  |                       |  +-- Pleurobema_clava[1]      
           |  |                       +--+                            
           |  |                          +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[1]   
           |  |                                                       
           |  |  +-------------------------- Pleurobema_cordatum      
           |  |  |                                                    
           |  |  |                    +----- Fusconaia_subrotunda     
           |  |  |  +-----------------+                               
           |  +--+  |                 |  +-- Fusconaia_cor            
           |  |  |  |                 +--+                            
           |  |  |  |                    +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus       
           |  |  |  |                                                 
           |  |  |  |  +-------------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis     
           |  |  +--+  |                                              
           |  |     |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_escambia       
           |  |     |  |  +--------------+                            
           |  |     |  |  |              +-- Fusconaia_burkei         
           |  |     |  |  |                                           
           |  |     |  |  |           +----- Fusconaia_mitchelli      
           |  |     +--+  |           |                               
           |  |        |  |           +----- Fusconaia_flava[27]      
           |  |        |  |           |                               
           |  |        |  +-----------+  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[1]      
           |  |        |  |           |  |                            
           |  |        |  |           |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[2]      
           |  |        |  |           |  |                            
           |  |        |  |           |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[3]      
           |  |        +--+           +--+                            
           |  |           |              +-- Fusconaia_askewi[4]      
           |  |           |              |                            
           |  |           |              +-- Fusconaia_askewi[5]      
           |  |           |              |                            
           |  |           |              +-- Fusconaia_chunii         
           |  |           |                                           
           |  |           |  +-------------- Fusconaia_masoni         
           +--+           |  |                                        
              |           |  |  +----------- Fusconaia_flava[26]      
              |           |  |  |                                     
              |           |  |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cerina[8]      
              |           +--+  |  +-----+                            
              |              |  |  |     +-- Fusconaia_flava[25]      
              |              |  |  |                                  
              |              |  |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[5]       
              |              |  |  |  |                               
              |              |  |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[6]       
              |              +--+  |  |                               
              |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[7]       
              |                 |  |  |                               
              |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[8]       
              |                 |  |  |                               
              |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[4]      
              |                 |  |  |                               
              |                 |  |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[9]       
              |                 |  |  |                               
              |                 +--+  +----- Fusconaia_flava[10]      
              |                    |  |                               
              |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[11]      
              |                    |  |                               
              |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[12]      
              |                    |  |                               
              |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[13]      
              |                    |  |                               
              |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[14]      
              |                    |  |                               
              |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[15]      
              |                    |  |                               
              |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[16]      
              |                    |  |                               
              |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[17]      
              |                    +--+                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[18]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[19]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[20]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[21]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[22]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[23]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_flava[24]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_cerina[5]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_cerina[6]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       +----- Fusconaia_cerina[7]      
              |                       |                               
              |                       |  +-- Fusconaia_flava[1]       
              |                       |  |                            
              |                       |  +-- Fusconaia_flava[2]       
              |                       |  |                            
              |                       |  +-- Fusconaia_flava[3]       
              |                       |  |                            
              |                       +--+-- Fusconaia_flava[4]       
              |                          |                            
              |                          +-- Fusconaia_cerina[1]      
              |                          |                            
              |                          +-- Fusconaia_cerina[2]      
              |                          |                            
              |                          +-- Fusconaia_cerina[3]      
              |                                                       
              |           +----------------- Pleurobema_riddellii     
              |           |                                           
              |           |  +-------------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[21]  
              |           |  |                                        
              |           |  |  +----------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[19]  
              |           |  |  |                                     
              |           |  |  +----------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[20]  
              |           |  |  |                                     
              +-----------+  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia[18]  
                          |  |  |     |                               
                          |  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_rubrum[19]    
                          |  |  |     |                               
                          |  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_rubrum[20]    
                          |  |  +-----+                               
                          |  |  |     +----- Pleurobema_rubrum[21]    
                          |  |  |     |                               
                          |  |  |     |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[17]    
                          +--+  |     |  |                            
                             |  |     |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[16]  
                             |  |     +--+                            
                             |  |        +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[17]  
                             |  |        |                            
                             |  |        +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[18]    
                             |  |                                     
                             |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[4]            
                             |  |  |                                  
                             |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[5]            
                             |  |  |                                  
                             |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[1]   
                             |  |  |                                  
                             |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[8]            
                             |  |  |                                  
                             |  |  +-------- Pleurobema[9]            
                             +--+  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema[10]           
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[3]   
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[4]   
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[5]   
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[6]   
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[7]   
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[8]   
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[9]   
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[10]  
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[11]  
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[12]  
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[13]  
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[14]  
                                |  |                                  
                                |  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia[15]  
                                |  |                                  
                                +--+-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[4]     
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[5]     
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[6]     
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[7]     
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[8]     
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[9]     
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[10]    
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[11]    
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[12]    
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[13]    
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[14]    
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[15]    
                                   |                                  
                                   +-------- Pleurobema_rubrum[16]    
                                   |                                  
                                   |     +-- Pleurobema[6]            
                                   +-----+                            
                                   |     +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]     
                                   |                                  
                                   |     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia[2]   
                                   +-----+                            
                                   |     +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]     
                                   |                                  
                                   |     +-- Pleurobema[7]            
                                   +-----+                            
                                   |     +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[3]     
                                   |                                  
                                   |  +----- Pleurobema[3]            
                                   +--+                               
                                      |  +-- Pleurobema[1]            
                                      +--+                            
                                         +-- Pleurobema[2]            

Perkins et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 12 14 23 21 6 155.0
                             +-- Parvaspina_collina      
  +--------------------------+                           
  |                          +-- Parvaspina_steinstansana
  |                                                      
--+                          +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  |  +-----------------------+                           
  |  |                       +-- Hemistena_lata          
  +--+                                                   
     |  +----------------------- Elliptio_producta[2] **    
     |  |                                                
     +--+  +-------------------- Elliptio_producta[1] **    
        |  |                                             
        +--+  +----------------- Elliptio_spinosa **        
           |  |                                          
           |  |  +-------------- Elliptio_icterina **       
           +--+  |                                       
              |  |     +-------- Elliptio_roanokensis **    
              |  |  +--+                                 
              +--+  |  |  +----- Elliptio_complanata **     
                 |  |  +--+                              
                 |  |     |  +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
                 |  |     +--+                           
                 +--+        +-- Elliptio_pullata **        
                    |                                    
                    |        +-- Elliptio_congaraea **      
                    |  +-----+                           
                    |  |     +-- Elliptio_hopetonensis **   
                    |  |                                 
                    +--+     +-- Elliptio_folliculata **    
                       |  +--+                           
                       |  |  +-- Elliptio_jayensis **       
                       +--+                              
                          |  +-- Elliptio_arca **           
                          +--+                           
                             +-- Elliptio_arctata **        

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 4 8 66 34 8 151.0
                 +-- Eurynia_dilatata    
  +--------------+                       
  |              +-- Parvaspina_collina  
  |                                      
--+              +-- Hemistena_lata      
  |  +-----------+                       
  |  |           +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus 
  |  |                                   
  +--+  +----------- Elliptio_shepardiana **
     |  |                                
     |  |  +-------- Elliptio_complanata ** 
     +--+  |                             
        |  |  +----- Elliptio_purpurella ** 
        |  +--+                          
        |  |  |  +-- Elliptio_arca **       
        +--+  +--+                       
           |     +-- Elliptio_arctata **    
           |                             
           |     +-- Elliptio_mcmichaeli ** 
           |     |                       
           +-----+-- Elliptio_pullata **    
                 |                       
                 +-- Elliptio_crassidens ** 

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 5 8 66 34 8 152.0
  +-------------------------------- Elliptoideus_sloatianus 
  |                                                         
  |                             +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  |  +--------------------------+                           
  |  |                          +-- Parvaspina_collina      
  |  |                                                      
  |  |                          +-- Hemistena_lata          
  |  +--------------------------+                           
  |  |                          +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
--+  |                                                      
  |  |                 +----------- Elliptio_shepardiana **    
  |  |                 |                                    
  |  |                 |     +----- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  |  +-----------------+  +--+                              
  |  |                 |  |  |  +-- Elliptio_mcmichaeli **     
  |  |                 |  |  +--+                           
  |  |                 +--+     +-- Elliptio_pullata **        
  |  |                    |                                 
  |  |                    |  +----- Elliptio_complanata **     
  +--+                    |  |                              
     |                    +--+  +-- Elliptio_purpurella **     
     |                       |  |                           
     |                       +--+-- Elliptio_arca **           
     |                          |                           
     |                          +-- Elliptio_arctata **        
     |                                                      
     |                       +----- Pleuronaia_gibber       
     |  +--------------------+                              
     |  |                    |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana   
     |  |                    +--+                           
     |  |                       +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides
     |  |                                                   
     |  |           +-------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
     |  |           |                                       
     |  |           |        +----- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
     |  |  +--------+  +-----+                              
     +--+  |        |  |     |  +-- Fusconaia_cor           
        |  |        |  |     +--+                           
        |  |        |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
        |  |        +--+                                    
        |  |           |        +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
        |  |           |  +-----+                           
        |  |           |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
        |  |           +--+                                 
        |  |              |  +----- Fusconaia_masoni        
        +--+              +--+                              
           |                 |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina        
           |                 +--+                           
           |                    +-- Fusconaia_flava         
           |                                                
           |              +-------- Pleurobema_riddellii    
           |  +-----------+                                 
           |  |           |  +----- Pleurobema_cordatum     
           |  |           +--+                              
           |  |              |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum       
           |  |              +--+                           
           +--+                 +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
              |                                             
              |  +----------------- Pleurobema_stabile      
              |  |                                          
              |  |     +----------- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
              |  |  +--+                                    
              +--+  |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_rubellum     
                 |  |  +--+                                 
                 |  |     |  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
                 |  |     +--+                              
                 |  |        |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
                 +--+        +--+                           
                    |           +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    
                    |                                       
                    |           +-- Pleurobema_clava        
                    |  +--------+                           
                    |  |        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
                    +--+                                    
                       |  +-------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
                       |  |                                 
                       +--+     +-- Pleurobema_athearni     
                          |  +--+                           
                          |  |  +-- Pleurobema_georgianum   
                          +--+                              
                             |  +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
                             +--+                           
                                +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  

Perkins et al., 2017, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 21 8 4 24 22 6 151.0
                    +-- Parvaspina_steinstansana
                    |                           
                    +-- Parvaspina_collina[1]   
                    |                           
  +-----------------+-- Parvaspina_collina[2]   
  |                 |                           
  |                 +-- Parvaspina_collina[3]   
  |                 |                           
  |                 +-- Parvaspina_collina[4]   
  |                                             
--+  +----------------- Elliptio_arca **           
  |  |                                          
  |  +----------------- Hemistena_lata          
  |  |                                          
  |  |              +-- Elliptio_arctata **        
  |  +--------------+                           
  |  |              +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  +--+                                          
     |  +-------------- Eurynia_dilatata        
     |  |                                       
     |  |  +----------- Pleurobema_oviforme     
     |  |  |                                    
     |  |  +----------- Pleurobema_clava        
     |  |  |                                    
     +--+  +----------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
        |  |                                    
        |  +----------- Pleurobema_georgianum   
        |  |                                    
        |  +----------- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
        |  |                                    
        |  +----------- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
        +--+                                    
           +----------- Pleurobema_decisum      
           |                                    
           |     +----- Pleurobema_rubellum     
           +-----+                              
           |     |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
           |     +--+                           
           |        +-- Pleurobema_rubrum       
           |                                    
           |  +-------- Elliptio_spinosa **        
           |  |                                 
           +--+  +----- Fusconaia_escambia      
              |  |                              
              |  +----- Fusconaia_flava         
              +--+                              
                 +----- Fusconaia_cerina        
                 |                              
                 |  +-- Pleuronaia_gibber       
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 26 23 7 153.0
  +----- Elliptio_arca **      
--+                         
  |  +-- Elliptio_crassidens **
  +--+                      
     +-- Elliptio_arctata **   

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 28 5 3 27 24 7 152.0
           +-- Elliptio_arctata **         
  +--------+                            
  |        +-- Elliptio_crassidens **      
  |                                     
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_decisum       
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_rubellum      
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_georgianum[2] 
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_stabile       
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_pyriforme     
  |  |                                  
--+  +-------- Pleurobema_oviforme[2]   
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[2]
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleuronaia_gibber        
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_georgianum[3] 
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_cordatum      
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Pleurobema_beadleianum   
  |  |                                  
  |  +-------- Hemistena_lata           
  +--+                                  
     +-------- Fusconaia_flava          
     |                                  
     +-------- Fusconaia_cerina         
     |                                  
     +-------- Eurynia_dilatata         
     |                                  
     +-------- Elliptio_arca **            
     |                                  
     +-------- Cyrtonaias_tampicoensis  
     |                                  
     |     +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus      
     +-----+                            
     |     +-- Parvaspina_collina       
     |                                  
     |     +-- Pleurobema_athearni      
     |     |                            
     +-----+-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1] 
     |     |                            
     |     +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[1]
     |                                  
     |  +----- Pleurobema_oviforme[1]   
     |  |                               
     +--+----- Pleurobema_clava         
        |                               
        |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum        
        +--+                            
           +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia      

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 115 37 8 --
                          +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus      
  +-----------------------+                               
  |                       |  +-- Elliptio_arca **            
  |                       +--+                            
  |                          +-- Elliptio_crassidens **      
  |                                                       
  |                          +-- Eurynia_dilatata         
  |  +-----------------------+                            
  |  |                       +-- Parvaspina_collina       
  |  |                                                    
  |  |                    +----- Pleuronaia_gibber        
  |  +--------------------+                               
  |  |                    |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana    
--+  |                    +--+                            
  |  |                       +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides 
  |  |                                                    
  |  |              +----------- Fusconaia_subrotunda     
  |  |              |                                     
  |  |              |        +-- Fusconaia_cor            
  |  +--------------+  +-----+                            
  |  |              |  |     +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus       
  |  |              |  |                                  
  |  |              |  |     +-- Fusconaia_cerina[1]      
  |  |              +--+     |                            
  |  |                 |  +--+-- Fusconaia_cerina[2]      
  +--+                 |  |  |                            
     |                 |  |  +-- Fusconaia_flava          
     |                 +--+                               
     |                    |  +-- Fusconaia_burkei[1]      
     |                    |  |                            
     |                    |  +-- Fusconaia_burkei[2]      
     |                    +--+                            
     |                       +-- Fusconaia_burkei[3]      
     |                       |                            
     |                       +-- Fusconaia_escambia       
     |                                                    
     |                       +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]     
     |                    +--+                            
     |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_cordatum      
     |  +-----------------+                               
     |  |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]     
     |  |                 +--+                            
     |  |                    +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia      
     +--+                                                 
        |  +-------------------- Pleurobema_pyriforme     
        |  |                                              
        |  |                 +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2] 
        |  |                 |                            
        +--+  +--------------+-- Pleurobema_georgianum[3] 
           |  |              |                            
           |  |              +-- Pleurobema_athearni      
           |  |                                           
           |  |           +----- Pleurobema_decisum       
           +--+           |                               
              |  +--------+  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[1]
              |  |        |  |                            
              |  |        +--+-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[2]
              |  |           |                            
              |  |           +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1] 
              +--+                                        
                 |           +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[1]   
                 |           |                            
                 |  +--------+-- Pleurobema_oviforme[2]   
                 |  |        |                            
                 +--+        +-- Pleurobema_clava         
                    |                                     
                    |  +-------- Pleurobema_strodeanum    
                    +--+                                  
                       |  +----- Pleurobema_rubellum      
                       +--+                               
                          |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum     
                          +--+                            
                             +-- Pleurobema_taitianum     

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 113 34 8 --
  +-------------------------------- Elliptoideus_sloatianus  
  |                                                          
  |  +----------------------------- Plethobasus_cyphyus      
  |  |                                                       
  |  +----------------------------- Parvaspina_collina       
--+  |                                                       
  |  |                          +-- Elliptio_arca **            
  |  +--------------------------+                            
  |  |                          +-- Elliptio_crassidens **      
  |  |                                                       
  |  |  +-------------------------- Eurynia_dilatata         
  +--+  |                                                    
     |  +-------------------------- Hemistena_lata           
     |  |                                                    
     |  |                       +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]     
     |  |                    +--+                            
     |  |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia      
     |  |  +-----------------+                               
     |  |  |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]     
     |  |  |                 +--+                            
     +--+  |                    +-- Pleurobema_cordatum      
        |  |                                                 
        |  |        +-------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda     
        |  |        |                                        
        |  |        |           +-- Fusconaia_cor            
        |  +--------+  +--------+                            
        |  |        |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus       
        |  |        |  |                                     
        |  |        +--+        +-- Fusconaia_cerina         
        |  |           |  +-----+                            
        |  |           |  |     +-- Fusconaia_flava          
        +--+           +--+                                  
           |              |  +----- Fusconaia_burkei[2]      
           |              +--+                               
           |                 |  +-- Fusconaia_escambia       
           |                 +--+                            
           |                    +-- Fusconaia_burkei[1]      
           |                                                 
           |                 +----- Pleuronaia_gibber        
           |  +--------------+                               
           |  |              |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana    
           |  |              +--+                            
           |  |                 +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides 
           |  |                                              
           |  |           +-------- Pleurobema_rubellum      
           +--+  +--------+                                  
              |  |        |  +----- Pleurobema_strodeanum    
              |  |        +--+                               
              |  |           |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum     
              |  |           +--+                            
              |  |              +-- Pleurobema_taitianum     
              +--+                                           
                 |              +-- Pleurobema_oviforme[1]   
                 |              |                            
                 |  +-----------+-- Pleurobema_oviforme[2]   
                 |  |           |                            
                 |  |           +-- Pleurobema_clava         
                 +--+                                        
                    |  +----------- Pleurobema_pyriforme     
                    |  |                                     
                    +--+        +-- Pleurobema_athearni      
                       |  +-----+                            
                       |  |     +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2] 
                       +--+                                  
                          |  +----- Pleurobema_decisum       
                          |  |                               
                          +--+  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[1]
                             |  |                            
                             +--+-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum[2]
                                |                            
                                +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1] 

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 26 24 7 --
  +-------- Pleuronaia_gibber  
  |                            
  |  +----- Eurynia_dilatata   
--+  |                         
  |  +----- Hemistena_lata     
  |  |                         
  +--+----- Plethobasus_cyphyus
     |                         
     +----- Parvaspina_collina 
     |                         
     |  +-- Elliptio_arca **      
     +--+                      
        +-- Elliptio_crassidens **

Campbell et al., 2008, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 27 25 7 --
                             +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  +--------------------------+                              
  |                          |  +-- Elliptio_arca **           
  |                          +--+                           
  |                             +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  |                                                         
--+                             +-- Fusconaia_cerina        
  |  +--------------------------+                           
  |  |                          +-- Fusconaia_flava         
  |  |                                                      
  |  |                          +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  +--+  +-----------------------+                           
     |  |                       +-- Pleuronaia_gibber       
     |  |                                                   
     |  |                       +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
     +--+                    +--+                           
        |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[1]    
        |  +-----------------+                              
        |  |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum[2]    
        |  |                 +--+                           
        +--+                    +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
           |                                                
           |  +-------------------- Pleurobema_stabile      
           |  |                                             
           +--+  +----------------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
              |  |                                          
              |  |           +----- Pleurobema_decisum      
              +--+  +--------+                              
                 |  |        |  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
                 |  |        +--+                           
                 |  |           +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[2]
                 +--+                                       
                    |           +-- Pleurobema_georgianum[1]
                    |  +--------+                           
                    |  |        +-- Pleurobema_athearni     
                    |  |                                    
                    +--+        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
                       |  +-----+                           
                       |  |     +-- Pleurobema_clava        
                       |  |                                 
                       +--+  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
                          |  |                              
                          |  +----- Pleurobema_rubellum     
                          +--+                              
                             +----- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
                             |                              
                             |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
                             +--+                           
                                +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 42 25 8 --
        +-- Eurynia_dilatata   
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Hemistena_lata     
--+                            
  |  +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Elliptio_arca **      
     +--+                      
        +-- Elliptio_crassidens **

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 42 25 8 --
  +----------------------------- Elliptoideus_sloatianus 
  |                                                      
  |  +-------------------------- Hemistena_lata          
  |  |                                                   
  |  +-------------------------- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |  |                                                   
--+  |                       +-- Elliptio_arca **           
  |  +-----------------------+                           
  |  |                       +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  |  |                                                   
  |  |                       +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  |  +-----------------------+                           
  |  |                       +-- Parvaspina_collina      
  +--+                                                   
     |                    +----- Pleuronaia_gibber       
     |  +-----------------+                              
     |  |                 |  +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana   
     |  |                 +--+                           
     |  |                    +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides
     |  |                                                
     |  |                    +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
     |  |           +--------+                           
     |  |           |        +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
     |  +-----------+                                    
     |  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_stabile      
     +--+           +--+                                 
        |              |  +----- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
        |              +--+                              
        |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_clava        
        |                 +--+                           
        |                    +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
        |                                                
        |                 +----- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
        |  +--------------+                              
        |  |              |  +-- Fusconaia_cor           
        |  |              +--+                           
        +--+                 +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
           |                                             
           |  +----------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
           |  |                                          
           +--+              +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
              |  +-----------+                           
              |  |           +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
              +--+                                       
                 |  +----------- Fusconaia_masoni        
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +-------- Fusconaia_cerina[2]     
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[1]     
                       +--+                              
                          |  +-- Fusconaia_flava         
                          +--+                           
                             +-- Fusconaia_askewi        

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 49 30 8 --
                                      +-- Elliptio_arca **           
  +-----------------------------------+                           
  |                                   +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  |                                                               
--+  +----------------------------------- Eurynia_dilatata        
  |  |                                                            
  |  |  +-------------------------------- Parvaspina_collina      
  |  |  |                                                         
  +--+  |                             +-- Hemistena_lata          
     |  +-----------------------------+                           
     |  |                             +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
     |  |                                                         
     +--+                          +----- Pleuronaia_barnesiana   
        |  +-----------------------+                              
        |  |                       |  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides
        |  |                       +--+                           
        |  |                          +-- Pleuronaia_gibber       
        |  |                                                      
        |  |                          +-- Pleurobema_stabile      
        +--+                    +-----+                           
           |                    |     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
           |  +-----------------+                                 
           |  |                 |  +----- Pleurobema_decisum      
           |  |                 +--+                              
           |  |                    |  +-- Pleurobema_clava        
           +--+                    +--+                           
              |                       +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
              |                                                   
              |  +----------------------- Pleurobema_cordatum     
              |  |                                                
              +--+  +-------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
                 |  |                                             
                 |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cor           
                 +--+  +--------------+                           
                    |  |              +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
                    |  |                                          
                    +--+  +-------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
                       |  |                                       
                       |  |           +-- Fusconaia_flava[4]      
                       |  |  +--------+                           
                       +--+  |        +-- Fusconaia_masoni        
                          |  |                                    
                          |  |        +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
                          |  |        |                           
                          +--+        +-- Fusconaia_burkei[1]     
                             |  +-----+                           
                             |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei[2]     
                             |  |     |                           
                             |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei[3]     
                             +--+                                 
                                |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[3]      
                                |  |                              
                                |  |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina        
                                +--+  |                           
                                   |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[1]     
                                   |  |                           
                                   +--+-- Fusconaia_askewi[2]     
                                      |                           
                                      +-- Fusconaia_flava[1]      
                                      |                           
                                      +-- Fusconaia_flava[2]      

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 42 25 8 --
                       +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus 
  +--------------------+                          
  |                    |  +-- Elliptio_arca **       
  |                    +--+                       
--+                       +-- Elliptio_crassidens ** 
  |                                               
  |  +----------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda
  |  |                                            
  +--+                    +-- Fusconaia_cor       
     |  +-----------------+                       
     |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus  
     +--+                                         
        |  +----------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis
        |  |                                      
        +--+              +-- Fusconaia_burkei    
           |  +-----------+                       
           |  |           +-- Fusconaia_escambia  
           +--+                                   
              |  +----------- Fusconaia_masoni    
              +--+                                
                 |  +-------- Fusconaia_cerina[2] 
                 +--+                             
                    |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina[1] 
                    +--+                          
                       |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi    
                       +--+                       
                          +-- Fusconaia_flava     

Burlakova et al., 2012, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 43 37 7 --
                             +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  +--------------------------+                              
  |                          |  +-- Elliptio_arca **           
  |                          +--+                           
  |                             +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  |                                                         
  |        +----------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
  |        |                                                
  |        |                    +-- Fusconaia_cor           
  |  +-----+  +-----------------+                           
  |  |     |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
  |  |     |  |                                             
  |  |     +--+  +----------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
--+  |        |  |                                          
  |  |        |  |        +-------- Fusconaia_askewi[4]     
  |  |        |  |  +-----+                                 
  |  |        +--+  |     |  +----- Fusconaia_askewi[3]     
  |  |           |  |     +--+                              
  |  |           |  |        |  +-- Fusconaia_lananensis    
  |  |           |  |        +--+                           
  |  |           +--+           +-- Fusconaia_askewi[2]     
  |  |              |                                       
  |  |              |           +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
  |  |              |  +--------+                           
  |  |              |  |        +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
  +--+              +--+                                    
     |                 |  +-------- Fusconaia_masoni        
     |                 +--+                                 
     |                    |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina        
     |                    +--+                              
     |                       |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[1]     
     |                       +--+                           
     |                          +-- Fusconaia_flava         
     |                                                      
     |                          +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
     |  +-----------------------+                           
     |  |                       +-- Hemistena_lata          
     |  |                                                   
     |  |                    +----- Pleuronaia_gibber       
     |  |              +-----+                              
     |  |              |     |  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides
     +--+              |     +--+                           
        |  +-----------+        +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana   
        |  |           |                                    
        |  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_riddellii    
        |  |           +--+                                 
        |  |              |  +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
        |  |              +--+                              
        +--+                 |  +-- Pleurobema_rubrum       
           |                 +--+                           
           |                    +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
           |                                                
           |  +-------------------- Pleurobema_stabile      
           |  |                                             
           +--+  +----------------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
              |  |                                          
              |  |           +----- Pleurobema_georgianum   
              +--+  +--------+                              
                 |  |        |  +-- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
                 |  |        +--+                           
                 |  |           +-- Pleurobema_decisum      
                 +--+                                       
                    |           +-- Pleurobema_clava        
                    |  +--------+                           
                    |  |        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
                    +--+                                    
                       |  +-------- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
                       |  |                                 
                       +--+     +-- Pleurobema_rubellum     
                          |  +--+                           
                          |  |  +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
                          +--+                              
                             |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
                             +--+                           
                                +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    

Burlakova et al., 2012, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 42 42 7 --
        +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Hemistena_lata     
--+                            
  |  +----- Eurynia_dilatata   
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Elliptio_arca **      
     +--+                      
        +-- Elliptio_crassidens **

Burlakova et al., 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 41 40 7 --
  +----------------------- Parvaspina_collina      
  |                                                
  |                 +----- Pleuronaia_gibber       
  +-----------------+                              
  |                 |  +-- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana   
  |                                                
  |                 +----- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  +-----------------+                              
  |                 |  +-- Elliptio_arca **           
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  |                                                
  |                    +-- Pleurobema_clava        
  |           +--------+                           
  |           |        +-- Pleurobema_oviforme     
  |           |                                    
  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_decisum      
--+-----------+  |                                 
  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
  |           |  |                                 
  |           |  +-------- Pleurobema_hanleyianum  
  |           +--+                                 
  |              +-------- Pleurobema_georgianum   
  |              |                                 
  |              |  +----- Pleurobema_rubellum     
  |              |  |                              
  |              |  +----- Pleurobema_beadleianum  
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +----- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
  |                 |                              
  |                 |  +-- Pleurobema_perovatum    
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Pleurobema_taitianum    
  |                                                
  |  +-------------------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
  |  |                                             
  |  |                 +-- Fusconaia_cor           
  +--+  +--------------+                           
     |  |              +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
     |  |                                          
     |  |  +-------------- Fusconaia_ozarkensis    
     +--+  |                                       
        |  |     +-------- Fusconaia_masoni        
        |  |     |                                 
        |  |     |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
        |  |  +--+-----+                           
        +--+  |  |     +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
           |  |  |                                 
           |  |  |  +----- Fusconaia_cerina        
           |  |  +--+                              
           |  |     |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi[1]     
           |  |     +--+                           
           +--+        +-- Fusconaia_flava         
              |                                    
              |        +-- Fusconaia_askewi[2]     
              |        |                           
              |        +-- Fusconaia_askewi[3]     
              |        |                           
              |        +-- Fusconaia_askewi[4]     
              +--------+                           
                       +-- Fusconaia_lananensis[1] 
                       |                           
                       +-- Fusconaia_lananensis[2] 
                       |                           
                       +-- Fusconaia_askewi[5]     

Pfeiffer et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 36 19 8 --
                       +-- Elliptio_fumata **         
  +--------------------+                           
  |                    +-- Elliptio_crassidens **     
  |                                                
  |  +-------------------- Parvaspina_collina      
  |  |                                             
  |  +-------------------- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
--+  |                                             
  |  |                 +-- Hemistena_lata          
  |  +-----------------+                           
  |  |                 +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
  |  |                                             
  |  |     +-------------- Fusconaia_askewi        
  +--+     |                                       
     |  +--+  +----------- Fusconaia_mitchelli     
     |  |  |  |                                    
     |  |  +--+        +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
     |  |     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
     |  |     +--+                                 
     |  |        |  +----- Fusconaia_flava[2]      
     |  |        +--+                              
     +--+           |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina        
        |           +--+                           
        |              +-- Fusconaia_flava[1]      
        |                                          
        |           +----- Pleurobema_riddellii    
        |        +--+                              
        |        |  |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia     
        |        |  +--+                           
        +--------+     +-- Pleurobema_cordatum     
                 |                                 
                 |  +----- Pleuronaia_dolabelloides
                 |  |                              
                 +--+  +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme    
                    |  |                           
                    +--+-- Pleurobema_strodeanum   
                       |                           
                       +-- Pleurobema_clava        

Graf, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Serb et al., 2003, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 4 3 --
  +-------- Hemistena_lata     
--+                            
  |  +----- Elliptio_complanata **
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Fusconaia_burkei   
     +--+                      
        +-- Fusconaia_flava    

Serb et al., 2003, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 4 3 --
  +-------- Hemistena_lata     
--+                            
  |  +----- Elliptio_complanata **
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Fusconaia_burkei   
     +--+                      
        +-- Fusconaia_flava    

Burdick & White, 2007, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 37 6 --
  +----- Eurynia_dilatata   
--+                         
  |  +-- Plethobasus_cyphyus
  +--+                      
     +-- Elliptio_crassidens **

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 3 3 --
     +-- Fusconaia_flava    
  +--+                      
  |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia
--+                         
  |  +-- Eurynia_dilatata   
  +--+                      
     +-- Elliptio_crassidens **

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 3 3 --
  +-------- Pleurobema_sintoxia
--+                            
  |  +----- Elliptio_crassidens **
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Fusconaia_flava    
     +--+                      
        +-- Eurynia_dilatata   

Rosenberg et al., 1994, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 2 2 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 2 2 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Campbell, 2000, fig. 1-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Kandl et al., 2001, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 11 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Kandl et al., 2001, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 11 2 --
  +----------------- Elliptio_crassidens **    
  |                                         
--+  +-------------- Fusconaia_flava        
  |  |                                      
  +--+  +----------- Pleurobema_sintoxia    
     |  |                                   
     |  |        +-- Pleurobema_clava       
     +--+  +-----+                          
        |  |     +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum  
        |  |                                
        +--+  +----- Pleurobema_pyriforme[6]
           |  |                             
           |  |  +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme[1]
           +--+  |                          
              |  +-- Pleurobema             
              |  |                          
              |  +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme[2]
              +--+                          
                 +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme[3]
                 |                          
                 +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme[4]
                 |                          
                 +-- Pleurobema_pyriforme[5]

Giribet & Distel, 2003, fig. 3.5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 2 2 --
  +----- Elliptio_complanata **
--+                         
  |  +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia
  +--+                      
     +-- Eurynia_dilatata   

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 139 2 2 --
  +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia
--+                         
  |  +-- Eurynia_dilatata   
  +--+                      
     +-- Elliptio_complanata **

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 139 2 2 --
  +----- Pleurobema_sintoxia
--+                         
  |  +-- Elliptio_complanata **
  +--+                      
     +-- Eurynia_dilatata   

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 126 2 2 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bolotov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 57 5 3 --
        +-- Elliptio_complanata **
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Eurynia_dilatata   
--+                            
  |  +----- Fusconaia_askewi   
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Fusconaia_cerina   
     +--+                      
        +-- Fusconaia_burkei   

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 199 4 4 --
     +-- Elliptio_complanata **
  +--+                      
  |  +-- Eurynia_dilatata   
--+                         
  |  +-- Fusconaia_flava    
  +--+                      
     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 197 4 4 --
     +-- Elliptio_complanata **
  +--+                      
  |  +-- Eurynia_dilatata   
--+                         
  |  +-- Fusconaia_flava    
  +--+                      
     +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 200 4 4 --
  +----------- Elliptoideus_sloatianus
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Elliptio_complanata **    
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Eurynia_dilatata       
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Fusconaia_flava        
        +--+                          
           +-- Pleurobema_sintoxia    

Johnson et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 5 4 --
  +-------------- Elliptoideus_sloatianus
--+                                      
  |  +----------- Elliptio_fumata **        
  +--+                                   
     |  +-------- Pleuronaia_barnesiana  
     +--+                                
        |  +----- Pleurobema_riddellii   
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Fusconaia_flava        
           +--+                          
              +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum  

Burlakova et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 32 1 1 --
  +-- Elliptio_crassidens **
--+                      
  +-- Pleurobema_rubellum

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 1 1 --
  +-- Pleurobema_riddellii
--+                       
  +-- Elliptio_crassidens ** 

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 2 2 --
  +----- Elliptoideus_sloatianus
--+                             
  |  +-- Elliptio_complanata **    
  +--+                          
     +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum  

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 2 2 --
  +----- Elliptoideus_sloatianus
--+                             
  |  +-- Elliptio_complanata **    
  +--+                          
     +-- Pleurobema_strodeanum  

Metzger et al., 2018, fig. 1C

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 122 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bolotov et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Fukata & Iigo, 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 53 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Smith et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 18 8 --
  +----------------------- Elliptoideus_sloatianus 
  |                                                
  |  +-------------------- Elliptio_crassidens **     
--+  |                                             
  |  +-------------------- Plethobasus_cyphyus     
  |  |                                             
  +--+  +----------------- Parvaspina_steinstansana
     |  |                                          
     |  |              +-- Hemistena_lata          
     |  +--------------+                           
     |  |              +-- Eurynia_dilatata        
     +--+                                          
        |              +-- Pleuronaia_barnesiana   
        |  +-----------+                           
        |  |           +-- Pleurobema_clava        
        |  |                                       
        |  |  +----------- Fusconaia_subrotunda    
        +--+  |                                    
           |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cor           
           |  +--------+                           
           |  |        +-- Fusconaia_cuneolus      
           +--+                                    
              |  +-------- Fusconaia_flava         
              |  |                                 
              |  +-------- Fusconaia_masoni        
              |  |                                 
              |  |     +-- Fusconaia_burkei        
              +--+-----+                           
                 |     +-- Fusconaia_escambia      
                 |                                 
                 |     +-- Fusconaia_iheringi      
                 |  +--+                           
                 |  |  +-- Fusconaia_mitchelli     
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Fusconaia_askewi        
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Fusconaia_chunii        

Teiga-Teixeira et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 1 1 --
  +-- Elliptio_complanata **
--+                      
  +-- Pleurobema_oviforme

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 73 1 1 --
  +-- Pleurobema_oviforme
--+                      
  +-- Elliptio_complanata **

Page updated: 10:57:11 Sun 06 Nov 2022

 
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