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Page last updated
Wed 01 Dec 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Fusconaia

species Fusconaia flava (Rafinesque, 1820): nominal species
     9 specimens available.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) flava Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) flava’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 305, pl. 81, figs. 13-14 [also as ‘U. flava’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 49.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20230, small creeks in Kentucky.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) flavaRafinesque (1820)
Unio (Plagiola) flavaRafinesque (1819)
Unio flavusFerussac (1835), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853), Küster (1862)
Unio flavaConrad (1837)
Pleurobema flavusAgassiz (1852)
Fusconaia flavaUtterback (1915), Ortmann (1919), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), ..., Hewitt et al. (2019), Smith et al. (2020), Lor et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Quadrula flavaVanatta (1915)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flavaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia flava flavaHaas (1969)

Unio undatus Barnes, 1823
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci. 6 (1-2): 121, pl. 4, figs. 4a-b.

Unio undatusBarnes (1823), Hildreth (1828), Lea (1834), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1853)
Unio mytiloidesLea (1829), Jay (1835)
Unio pyramidatusRavenel (1834)
Margarita (Unio) obliquaLea (1836)
Margarita (Unio) obliquusLea (1838)
Unio (s.s.) undatusSwainson (1840)
Unio obliquusHanley (1843), Call (1895)
Pleurobema undatusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) obliquusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio trigonusSowerby (1868)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) obliquaSimpson (1900)
Fusconaia undataOrtmann (1912), Utterback (1915), F.C. Baker (1928), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), ITIS (2012)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) undataSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia undatusOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undataFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia undata undataHaas (1969)
Fusconaia lateralisMorrison (1969)
Fusconaia flavaClarke (1973), Mathiak (1979), Vidrine (1993), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), IUCN (2011)
Fusconaia f. undataGordon et al. (1979)

Unio hebetatus Conrad, 1854
Conrad, 1854, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 296, pl. 26, fig. 5.

Unio hebetatusConrad (1854), B.H. Wright (1888)
Margaron (Unio) habetatusLea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) hebetataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia hebetataUtterback (1915), Haas (1969), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012)
Quadrula (Fusconia) hebetataFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia flavaBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Graf & Cummings (2021)

Obliquaria (Sintoxia) lateralis Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 310 [also as ‘U. lateralis’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 53.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20247, Riv. Kentucky.

Obliquaria (Sintoxia) lateralisRafinesque (1820)
Unio lateralisFerussac (1835)
Unio (Limnium sec. Sintoxia) lateralisFischer (1887)
Quadrula obliquaVanatta (1915)
Pleurobema cordataOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undataFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia undata undataHaas (1969)
Fusconaia lateralisMorrison (1969)
Pleurobema cordatumBurch (1975)
Fusconaia undataR.I. Johnson (1980)
Fusconaia flavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Fusconaia selecta Wheeler, 1914
Wheeler, 1914, Nautilus 28(7): 76, pl. 4.
Type(s): PARATYPE FMNH_22816, Cache River, at Nemo, Craighead Co., Arkansas.

Fusconaia selectaWheeler (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undata-selectaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia undata selectaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia undataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)
Fusconaia flavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio rubiginosus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 427 [41], pl. 8, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84556, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio rubiginosusLea (1829), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Reeve (1865), B.H. Wright (1888), Singley (1893), Pilsbry & Rhoads (1896), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio flavusFerussac (1835), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) rubiginosusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio flavaConrad (1837)
Unio (Cunicula) rubiginosaSwainson (1840)
Pleurobema rubiginosusAgassiz (1852)
Margaron (Unio) rubiginosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) rubiginosusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (Limnium sec. Cunicula) rubiginosusFischer (1887)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) rubiginosaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) rubiginosusCall (1900)
Quadrula rubiginosaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910)
Fusconaia rubiginosaOrtmann (1912)
Fusconaia flavaUtterback (1915), Ortmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Murray & Leonard (1962), ..., Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009), IUCN (2011)
Quadrula flavaVanatta (1915)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flavaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia flava flavaHaas (1969)

Unio trigonus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 110 [120], pl. 16, fig. 40.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84629, Louisville, KY.

Unio trigonusLea (1831), Jay (1835), Hanley (1843), Conrad (1853), Lapham (1860), Sowerby (1868), B.H. Wright (1888), Call (1895), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio undatusFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) trigonusLea (1838)
Margaron (Unio) trigonusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) trigonusAdams & Adams (1857)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) trigonaSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) trigonusCall (1900)
Quadrula rubiginosa var. trigonaOrtmann (1910)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) undataSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia undata trigonaUtterback (1915), F.C. Baker (1928), Haas (1969), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia flava trigonaOrtmann (1919)
Fusconaia undatusOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undata-trigonaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia trigonusThiele (1934)
Fusconaia flavaClarke (1973), Vidrine (1993), Howells et al. (1996), Strayer & Jirka (1997), ..., IUCN (2011), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Williams et al. (2014), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Fusconaia undataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)

Fusconaia flava var. parvula Grier, 1918
Grier, 1918, Nautilus 32(1): 11.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria (Quadrula) flava Rafinesque, 1820)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) CM_61.4513, “Big Bend” Presque Isle Bay, Erie, Erie County, Pennsylvania.

Fusconaia flava var. parvulaGrier (1918)
Fusconaia flava parvulaOrtmann (1919), F.C. Baker (1928), Haas (1969)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flava-parvulaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia flavaClarke (1973), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Fusconaia undata wagneri F.C. Baker, 1928
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey 70(2): 64, pl. 40, figs. 1-3.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio undatus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) UMMZ_209194, Lake Pepin, Lake City, Minnesota.

Fusconaia undata wagneriF.C. Baker (1928)
Fusconaia flavaClarke (1973), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)
Fusconaia undataBurch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980)

Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) chunii var. nasuta Simpson, 1914
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 877.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio chunii Lea, 1862)

Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) chunii var. nasutaSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flava-nasutaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia flava nasutaHaas (1969)

Fusconaia undata trigonoides Utterback, 1915
‘Frierson, MS’ Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(4): 107, pl. 15, figs. 30A-D; pl. 4, figs. 9a-b.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 55, sp. 232d.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio undatus Barnes, 1823)

Fusconaia undata trigonoidesUtterback (1915), Haas (1969)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undata-trigonoidesFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia undataR.I. Johnson (1980)
Fusconaia flavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio undatus Conrad, 1834
‘Barnes’ Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 72.
(reference to Unio undatus Barnes, 1823)

Unio undatusConrad (1834)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) trigonaSimpson (1900)
Fusconaia flavaWatters et al. (2009)

Unio cordatus Conrad, 1836
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(5): 48, pl. 25.
(misidentified reference to Obovaria cordata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio cordatusConrad (1836), Küster (1852), Sowerby (1868)
Margarita (Unio) obliquaLea (1836)
Margarita (Unio) obliquusLea (1838)
Unio obliquusHanley (1843), Call (1895)
Margaron (Unio) obliquusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) obliquaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio flavus Conrad, 1837
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1837, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(9): 74, pl. 41, fig. 2.
(reference to Obliquaria (Quadrula) flava Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio flavusConrad (1837), Küster (1852), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) rubiginosusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio rubiginosusReeve (1865)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) rubiginosaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Fusconaia flavaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio triangularis Küster, 1852
Küster, 1852, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 56, pl. 12, fig. 3.
(misidentified reference to Unio triangularis Barnes, 1823)

Unio triangularisKüster (1852)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) trigonaSimpson (1900)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) undataSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undataFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia undata undataHaas (1969)
Fusconaia flavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio coccineus Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 22, sp. 104.
(misidentified reference to Unio coccineus Lea, 1838)

Unio coccineusReeve (1865)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flavaFrierson (1927)

Unio pilaris Reeve, 1865
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 27, sp. 138.
(misidentified reference to Unio pilaris Lea, 1840)

Unio pilarisReeve (1865)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) trigonaSimpson (1900)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) undataSimpson (1914)
Fusconaia flavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio trigonus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 64, sp. 322; errata.
(reference to Unio trigonus Lea, 1831)

Unio trigonusSowerby (1868)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) rubiginosaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Margaron (Unio) habetatus Lea, 1870
‘Con.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 38.
(error for Unio hebetatus Conrad, 1854)

Margaron (Unio) habetatusLea (1870)

Unio validus var. continuus de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 51.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio validus Lea, 1871)

Unio validus var. continuusde Gregorio (1914)
Fusconaia flavaWatters et al. (2009)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) obliquaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) rubiginosaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) rubiginosusCall (1900)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) trigonaSimpson (1900)
Unio (s.s.) trigonusCall (1900)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) hebetataSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Quadrula rubiginosaOrtmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910)
Quadrula rubiginosa var. trigonaOrtmann (1910)
Fusconaia undataOrtmann (1912), Utterback (1915), F.C. Baker (1928), Burch (1975), R.I. Johnson (1980), ITIS (2012)
Fusconaia rubiginosaOrtmann (1912)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) undataSimpson (1914)
Unio rubiginosusde Gregorio (1914)
Unio trigonusde Gregorio (1914)
Fusconaia selectaWheeler (1914)
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) chunii var. nasutaSimpson (1914)
Unio validus var. continuusde Gregorio (1914)
Fusconaia flavaUtterback (1915), Ortmann (1919), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1924), ..., Hewitt et al. (2019), Smith et al. (2020), Lor et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021)
Quadrula flavaVanatta (1915)
Quadrula obliquaVanatta (1915)
Fusconaia undata trigonaUtterback (1915), F.C. Baker (1928), Haas (1969), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia hebetataUtterback (1915), Haas (1969), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012)
Fusconaia undata trigonoidesUtterback (1915), Haas (1969)
Fusconaia flava var. parvulaGrier (1918)
Fusconaia flava trigonaOrtmann (1919)
Fusconaia flava parvulaOrtmann (1919), F.C. Baker (1928), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema cordataOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Fusconaia undatusOrtmann & Walker (1922)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flavaFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undataFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undata-trigonaFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Fusconia) hebetataFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undata-selectaFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flava-nasutaFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Fusconia) undata-trigonoidesFrierson (1927)
Quadrula (Fusconia) flava-parvulaFrierson (1927)
Fusconaia undata wagneriF.C. Baker (1928)
Fusconaia trigonusThiele (1934)
Fusconaia flava flavaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia undata undataHaas (1969)
Fusconaia lateralisMorrison (1969)
Fusconaia undata selectaHaas (1969)
Fusconaia flava nasutaHaas (1969)
Pleurobema cordatumBurch (1975)
Fusconaia f. undataGordon et al. (1979)

Page updated: 16:41:37 Wed 01 Dec 2021

 
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