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Page last updated
Wed 18 Jan 2023

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Anodontini | Alasmidontina

genus Pyganodon Crosse & Fischer, 1894: cladomics
     5 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 5

analyzed in 157 cladograms in 93 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 8, mean = 1.42

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 31
maximum number of included species = 8, mean = 3.13
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.77


Cyr et al., 2007, fig. 2C

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 2 8 1 0 0 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

        +-- Pyganodon_grandis **     
  +-----+                         
  |     +-- Pyganodon[1] **          
  |                               
--+  +----- Pyganodon[3] **          
  |  |                            
  |  |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta[1] **
  +--+  |                         
     |  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis[1] ** 
     |  |                         
     +--+-- Pyganodon[2] **          
        |                         
        +-- Pyganodon_cataracta[2] **
        |                         
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis[2] ** 

Smith et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 15 7 --

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis        
  +--------------+                                   
  |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis **               
  |                                                  
  |              +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus      
  |     +--------+                                   
  |     |        +-- Anodontoides_denigratus         
--+  +--+                                            
  |  |  |  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus            
  |  |  +--+                                         
  |  |     |  +----- Strophitus_pascagoulaensis      
  |  |     +--+                                      
  |  |        |  +-- Strophitus_radiatus             
  +--+        +--+                                   
     |           +-- Strophitus_williamsi            
     |                                               
     |           +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata         
     |  +--------+                                   
     |  |        +-- Lasmigona_etowaensis            
     |  |                                            
     +--+        +-- Pseudodontoideus_connasaugaensis
        |  +-----+                                   
        |  |     +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus       
        |  |                                         
        +--+     +-- Utterbackiana_couperiana        
           |  +--+                                   
           |  |  +-- Utterbackiana_heardi            
           +--+                                      
              |  +-- Utterbackiana_hartfieldorum     
              +--+                                   
                 +-- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata     

Zanatta et al., 2007, fig. 1A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 0 5 11 9 3 8.0
     +-- Utterbackia_peggyae   
  +--+                         
  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |                            
--+  +-- Pyganodon_gibbosa **     
  |  |                         
  |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **   
  |  |                         
  +--+-- Pyganodon_fragilis **    
     |                         
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **     
     |                         
     +-- Pyganodon_lacustris **   

Zanatta et al., 2007, fig. 1B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 5 11 9 3 7.0
              +-- Utterbackia_peggyae   
  +-----------+                         
  |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
--+                                     
  |  +----------- Pyganodon_lacustris **   
  +--+                                  
     |  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis **     
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Pyganodon_fragilis **    
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Pyganodon_gibbosa **     
           +--+                         
              +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **   

Hoeh, 1990, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 5 11 9 3 7.0
              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  +-----------+                         
  |           +-- Utterbackia_peggyae   
--+                                     
  |  +----------- Pyganodon_lacustris **   
  +--+                                  
     |  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis **     
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Pyganodon_fragilis **    
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **   
           +--+                         
              +-- Pyganodon_gibbosa **     

Hoeh, 1990, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 16 2 5 11 9 3 18.0
  +----- Pyganodon_fragilis **         
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackia_peggyae        
  |                                 
  +----- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                                 
  +----- Anodonta_kennerlyi         
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackiana_couperiana[1]
  |                                 
--+----- Utterbackiana_couperiana[2]
  |                                 
  +----- Utterbackiana_suborbiculata
  |                                 
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata          
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Utterbackiana_implicata    
  |                                 
  |  +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
  |  |                              
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |  |                              
  |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **        
  +--+                              
     +-- Pyganodon_gibbosa **          
     |                              
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **          
     |                              
     +-- Pyganodon_lacustris **        

Hoeh, 1990, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 5 11 9 3 9.0
           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  +--------+                         
  |        +-- Utterbackia_peggyae   
--+                                  
  |  +-------- Pyganodon_fragilis **    
  |  |                               
  +--+     +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **   
     |  +--+                         
     |  |  +-- Pyganodon_gibbosa **     
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Pyganodon_lacustris **   
        +--+                         
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis **     

Cyr et al., 2007, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 1 0 0 5.0
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis **  
  |                            
--+-------- Pyganodon[2] **       
  |                            
  |  +----- Pyganodon[1] **       
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **
     +--+                      
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis ** 

Cyr et al., 2007, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 1 0 0 5.0
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis **  
  +-----+                      
  |     +-- Pyganodon[1] **       
--+                            
  |  +----- Pyganodon[2] **       
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **
     +--+                      
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis ** 

Cyr et al., 2007, fig. 2D

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 0 0 0 5.0
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis **  
  |                            
--+-------- Pyganodon[2] **       
  |                            
  |  +----- Pyganodon[1] **       
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **
     +--+                      
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis ** 

Hoeh et al., 1995, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 1 4 3 3 1 6.0
     +----- Utterbackia_peggyae     
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_lacustris **     
  |  |                              
  +--+----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
     |                              
     |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **     
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **      

Inoue et al., 2014, fig. 3B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 7 2 4 4 3 2 8.0
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis **   
  |                             
  +-------- Pyganodon_cataracta ** 
  |                             
--+-------- Pyganodon_fragilis **  
  |                             
  +-------- Pyganodon **           
  |                             
  |  +----- Lasmigona_subviridis
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Arcidens_confragosus
     +--+                       
        +-- Arcidens_wheeleri   

Krebs et al., 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 0 0 0 5.0
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **  
--+                         
  |  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis ** 
  +--+                      
     +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 28 3 3 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa  
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **   

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 28 3 3 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa  
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **   

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 13 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 13 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 13 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 36 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 13 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 7 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 7 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

Hoeh et al., 1996, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 3 0 0 --
  +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **
--+                     
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis ** 

King et al., 1999, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 7 7 3 --
              +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  +-----------+                        
  |           +-- Pyganodon_fragilis **   
  |                                    
--+        +----- Lasmigona_costata    
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     |  +-- Lasmigona_complanata 
  |  |     +--+                        
  +--+        +-- Lasmigona_alabamensis
     |                                 
     |  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Alasmidonta_heterodon
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis 
           +--+                        
              +-- Lasmigona_compressa  

Rosenberg et al., 1994, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 10 0 2 17 1 1 11.0
  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **   
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **     
  |                         
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_teres       
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_straminea   
--+                         
  +-- Megalonaias_nervosa   
  |                         
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |                         
  +-- Theliderma_cylindrica 
  |                         
  +-- Quadrula_quadrula     
  |                         
  +-- Uniomerus_tetralasmus 

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 17 0 2 21 1 1 18.0
  +-- Gonidea_angulata      
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **     
  |                         
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_straminea   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_teres       
  |                         
  +-- Megalonaias_nervosa   
  |                         
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |                         
--+-- Theliderma_cylindrica 
  |                         
  +-- Quadrula_quadrula     
  |                         
  +-- Uniomerus_tetralasmus 
  |                         
  +-- Amblema_plicata       
  |                         
  +-- Elliptio_complanata   
  |                         
  +-- Fusconaia_cerina      
  |                         
  +-- Plectomerus_dombeyanus
  |                         
  +-- Pleurobema_cordatum   
  |                         
  +-- Unio_pictorum         

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 17 0 2 21 1 1 18.0
  +-- Gonidea_angulata      
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **     
  |                         
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_straminea   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_teres       
  |                         
  +-- Megalonaias_nervosa   
  |                         
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |                         
--+-- Theliderma_cylindrica 
  |                         
  +-- Quadrula_quadrula     
  |                         
  +-- Uniomerus_tetralasmus 
  |                         
  +-- Amblema_plicata       
  |                         
  +-- Elliptio_complanata   
  |                         
  +-- Fusconaia_cerina      
  |                         
  +-- Plectomerus_dombeyanus
  |                         
  +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa
  |                         
  +-- Unio_pictorum         

Breton et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 10 4 --
           +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
        +--+                              
        |  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis       
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
--+                                       
  |        +-- Pyganodon_lacustris **        
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **          
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
        +--+                              
           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 4 0 2 8 2 2 10.0
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis[2] **    
  |                              
--+  +-- Lasmigona_costata       
  |  |                           
  +--+-- Pyganodon_grandis[1] **    
     |                           
     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 56 3 3 --
  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                              
--+  +----- Lasmigona_compressa  
  |  |                           
  +--+----- Alasmidonta_marginata
     |                           
     |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta **  
     +--+                        
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 10 4 --
              +-- Pyganodon_lacustris **        
        +-----+                              
        |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **          
  +-----+                                    
  |     |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |        +--+                              
--+           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                                          
  |           +-- Lasmigona_costata          
  |  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus       
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
           +--+                              
              +-- Lasmigona_subviridis       

Inoue et al., 2018, fig. 1, 3a-c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 21 0 2 202 15 6 23.0
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
  |                              
  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon      
  |                              
  +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
  |                              
  +-- Beringiana_beringiana      
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_kennerlyi         
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_confragosus       
  |                              
  +-- Arcidens_wheeleri          
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
  |                              
--+-- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_costata          
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_decorata         
  |                              
  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis       
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **          
  |                              
  +-- Pyganodon_lacustris **        
  |                              
  +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus  
  |                              
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |                              
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
--+                           
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  +--+                        
     +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Graf, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 1, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus
--+                       
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **   

Graf, 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 1 1 --
  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
--+                        
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus
--+                       
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **   

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **   
--+                       
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **   
--+                       
  +-- Strophitus_undulatus

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 116 3 2 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **        
--+                               
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata        
  +--+                            
     +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 114 3 2 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Chong et al., 2008, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 7 4 --
-- Pyganodon_fragilis

Manendo et al., 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 1 1 --
  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis
--+                       
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **   

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 57 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Curole & Kocher, 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Curole & Kocher, 2005, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackiana_implicata
--+                          
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **      

Krebs et al., 2003, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 8 5 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Krebs, 2004, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 1 1 --
  +-- Lasmigona_costata
--+                    
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **

Krebs, 2004, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 1 1 --
  +-- Lasmigona_costata
--+                    
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
--+                           
  |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                        
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 3 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
--+                           
  |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                        
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 3 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
--+                           
  |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                        
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 5 3 --
  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
  |                           
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  |                           
--+  +-- Lasmigona_complanata 
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Lasmigona_costata    
  |                           
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa  
  +--+                        
     +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 8 6 --
  +-------- Utterbackia_imbecillis    
  |                                   
--+-------- Alasmidonta_marginata     
  |                                   
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **         
  +--+                                
     |  +-- Anodontoides_ferussacianus
     +--+                             
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa       

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa

Inoue et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Zanatta & Harris, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 2 2 --
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus
--+                          
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa 
  +--+                       
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **   

Inoue et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Marshall et al., 2014, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **
--+                    
  +-- Lasmigona_costata

Chen et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Huang et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2013, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                           
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Inoue et al., 2014, fig. 3A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 14 6 --
     +-------- Pyganodon_grandis **          
  +--+                                    
  |  |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |     +--+                              
--+        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
  |                                       
  |        +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis       
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
        +--+                              
           +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa       

Froufe et al., 2015, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Froufe et al., 2015, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Wei et al., 2016, fig. 0

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Plazzi et al., 2011, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Soroka, 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Soroka, 2008, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 3 3 --
  +----- Lasmigona_compressa  
  |                           
--+  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |  |                        
  +--+-- Alasmidonta_marginata
     |                        
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    

Sheng et al., 2014, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Zhou et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 2 1 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                              
  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  +--+                           
     +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 4 4 --
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
     +--+                        
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa  

Hewitt et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 5 3 --
  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis **   
  |                             
  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis
--+-----+                       
  |     +-- Strophitus_undulatus
  |                             
  |  +----- Lasmigona_costata   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Arcidens_wheeleri   
     +--+                       
        +-- Lasmigona_complanata

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 137 4 4 --
  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua 
--+                          
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **   
  +--+                       
     +-- Strophitus_undulatus

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 137 4 4 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  |                           
  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                           
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa  

Soroka & Burzynski, 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                           
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Soroka & Burzynski, 2018, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                           
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 124 4 4 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 4 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis    
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 4 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis    
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Burzynski et al., 2017, fig. 1 bottom

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Burzynski et al., 2017, fig. 1 top

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Araujo et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **
--+                    
  +-- Alasmidonta      

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 4 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_costata       
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3A-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                           
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3B-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 32 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Wen et al., 2017, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Feng et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 1 1 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Bolotov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 4 4 --
  +----------- Pyganodon_grandis **    
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
        +--+                        
           +-- Lasmigona_compressa  

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 42 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                           
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 23 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 198 6 5 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                              
  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  +--+                           
     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                           
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 196 6 5 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                              
  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  +--+                           
     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 198 6 5 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Aunins et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 4 2 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon   
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **  
--+                      
  +-- Lasmigona_compressa

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Cha et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 44 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Hewitt et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 121 4 4 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  |                           
  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                           
  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  |                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                        
     +-- Lasmigona_compressa  

Riccardi et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Fukata & Iigo, 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 53 3 2 --
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                           
  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                              
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
  +--+                           
     +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon   

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 49 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 5 3 --
     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon   
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
  |                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 5 3 --
     +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |                                 
  |  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
     +--+                           
        +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon   

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 5 3 --
     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa    
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon   
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
  |                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 2 1 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                              
  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  +--+                           
     +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 2 1 --
  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
--+                              
  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  +--+                           
     +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 4 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 4 2 --
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Chen et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 5 3 --
  +----- Lasmigona_compressa   
--+                            
  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  +--+                         
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis **     

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 48 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-M, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 2e

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 1 1 --
  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                           
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis **       

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 73 3 2 --
  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
--+                                 
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **       
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022, fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 4 --
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua  
--+                              
  |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus 
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
     +--+                        
        +-- Lasmigona_compressa  

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022, fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 4 4 --
        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa  
--+                              
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis **    
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
     +--+                        
        +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua  

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022, fig. S5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 0 0 --
-- Pyganodon_grandis

Page updated: 08:56:50 Wed 18 Jan 2023

 
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