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Page last updated
Wed 15 May 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Quadrulini | Cyclonaias

species Cyclonaias pustulosa (Lea, 1831): synonymy
     16 specimens available.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) bullata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 307.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 51.
(homonym of Obliquaria (Quadrula) flexuosa var. bullata Rafinesque, 1820)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20250, Kentucky River.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) retusa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus retusus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) retusa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 306, pl. 81, figs. 19-20.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 50.
(renamed Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20220, Green River.

Unio verrucosa Valenciennes, 1827
Valenciennes, 1827, Recueil Observ. Zool. Anat. Comp. 2(11-12): 231, pl. 53, fig. 2.
(homonym of Unio verrucosus Barnes, 1823)

Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.
(new name for Obliquaria (Quadrula) retusa Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio pustulosus Lea, 1831
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4 [O. 1]: 76 [86], pl. 7, fig. 7.

Unio nodulosus Say, 1834
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: ??.
(misidentified reference to Mya nodulosa Wood, 1815)

Unio prasinus Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 44, pl. 3, fig.1.
Conrad, 1837, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(9): 79, pl. 44, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 255.

Unio schoolcraftensis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 37 [149], pl. 3, fig. 9.

Unio dorfuillianus Lea, 1836
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda. [nomen nudum]
(incorrect original spelling of Unio dorfeuillianus Lea, 1838)

Unio mortoni Conrad, 1836
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(2): 11, pl. 6, fig. 1.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 252.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_10287A, Bayou Teche, Louisiana.

Unio bullatus Conrad, 1838
‘Rafinesque’ of Authors.
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(10): 82, pl. 45, fig. 2.
Lapham, 1852, Trans. WI Agri. Soc. 2: 369.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 12, sp. 43.
(reference to Obliquaria (Quadrula) bullata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio dorfeuillianus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: addenda [as ‘dorfuillianus’]. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 73, pl. 17, fig. 54.
(correct name for Unio dorfuillianus Lea, 1836)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84215, Wabash River, Ind.

Unio turgidus Lea, 1838
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 16. [nomen nudum]
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 6 [O. 2]: 11, pl. 5, fig. 11.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84277, near New Orleans, La.

Unio nodiferus Conrad, 1841
Conrad, 1841, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 19.
Conrad, 1850, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 1: 277, pl. 38, figs. 4, 8.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 253.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_10285, Jackson, La.

Unio pernodosus Lea, 1845
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 4: 163.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 10 [O. 4]: 71 [45], pl. 3, fig. 8.
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_84298, N.C.

Unio aureus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 112.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 9]: 195 [17], pl. 26, fig. 264.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84572, Texas.

Unio houstonensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 155.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 358 [40], pl. 60, fig. 183.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85768, Rutersville, Texas.

Unio pauperculus Lea, 1861
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 13: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 8]: 99 [103], pl. 15, fig. 247.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85763, Columbus, Miss.

Unio refulgens Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 145.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 317 [77], pl. 51, fig. 130.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84290, Enterprise, Lauderdale Co., Miss. [Alabama].

Unio sphaericus Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 20: 145 [as ‘sphæricus’].
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 319 [79], pl. 51, fig. 132 [as ‘sphæricus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84271, Pearl River, Jackson, Miss.

Unio vallatus Lea, 1868
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 315.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 12]: 315 [75], pl. 50, fig. 128.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84275, Alabama R., Ala.

Margaron (Unio) spaericus Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33 [as ‘spæricus’].
(error for Unio sphaericus Lea, 1868)

Unio schoolcraftii Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
(error for Unio schoolcraftensis Lea, 1834)

Unio cahabensis Lea, 1871
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 23: 190.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8 [O. 13]: 17 [21], pl. 5, fig. 14.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84204, Cahaba R., Ala.

Unio nodiferous Singley, 1893
‘Conrad’ Singley, 1893, Geol. Surv. Texas (1892): 319.
(error for Unio nodiferus Conrad, 1841)

Unio turgidis Singley, 1893
‘Lea’ Singley, 1893, Geol. Surv. Texas (1892): 319.
(error for Unio turgidus Lea, 1838)

Unio pustulosus Call, 1895
‘Lea’ Call, 1895, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 7: 42, pl. 15, figs. 3-4.
(reference to Unio pustulosus Lea, 1831)

Quadrula archeri Frierson, 1905
Frierson, 1905, Nautilus 19(2): 13, pl. 1, figs. 1-2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE UMMZ_113538, Tallapoosa River, Tallassee, Elmore, Alabama.

Quadrula pustulosa asperatus Utterback, 1915
‘Lea’ Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(4): 134, pl. 17, figs. 42a-b.
(misidentified reference to Unio asperatus Lea, 1861)

Unio petrinus Frierson, 1927
‘Call (Mss)’ Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 49.
(intro'd as syn of Unio aureus Lea, 1859)

Page updated: 16:05:52 Wed 15 May 2019

 
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