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Page last updated
Fri 02 Dec 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

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The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Margaritiferidae | Margaritiferinae

genus Margaritifera Schumacher, 1816: cladomics
     26 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 26

analyzed in 171 cladograms in 101 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 10, mean = 2.37

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 82
maximum number of included species = 10, mean = 3.85
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.94


Takeuchi et al., 2015, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 4 10 5 3 2 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

  +-------------------- Pseudunio_auricularius[1]    
  |                                                  
  +-------------------- Pseudunio_auricularius[2]    
--+                                                  
  |  +----------------- Cumberlandia_monodonta       
  |  |                                               
  +--+              +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **  
     |  +-----------+                                
     |  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **       
     +--+                                            
        |  +----------- Margaritifera_falcata **        
        |  |                                         
        +--+  +-------- Margaritifera_laevis[3] **      
           |  |                                      
           +--+  +----- Margaritifera_marrianae **      
              |  |                                   
              |  |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis[1] **      
              +--+  |                                
                 |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis[2] **      
                 |  |                                
                 +--+-- Margaritifera_middendorffi[1] **
                    |                                
                    +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi[2] **
                    |                                
                    +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi[3] **

Lyubas et al., 2019, fig. 10

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 9 6 2 7.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

           +-------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
           |                                    
  +--------+  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |        |  |                                 
  |        +--+  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |           |  |                              
  |           |  +-- Pseudunio_flabellata       
  |           +--+                              
--+              +-- Pseudunio_flabellatiformis 
  |              |                              
  |              +-- Pseudunio_homsensis        
  |                                             
  |              +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--+                                          
     |  +----------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
              +--+                              
                 +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      

Huff et al., 2004, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 10 2 8 4 2 2 9.0
  +-------- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |                                    
  |  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+  |                                 
  |  |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |  |  |                              
  +--+  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis[1] **    
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis[2] **    
     +--+                              
        +-- Margaritifera_falcata[1] **   
        |                              
        +-- Margaritifera_falcata[2] **   
        |                              
        +-- Margaritifera_falcata[3] **   
        |                              
        +-- Margaritifera_falcata[4] **   

Huff et al., 2004, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 9 3 7 7 2 2 6.0
  +-------- Margaritifera_dahurica **        
  |                                       
  +-------- Margaritifera_margaritifera[1] **
  |                                       
  +-------- Margaritifera_margaritifera[2] **
  |                                       
--+-------- Margaritifera_margaritifera[3] **
  |                                       
  |     +-- Pseudunio_auricularius        
  +-----+                                 
  |     +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta        
  |                                       
  |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **         
  +--+                                    
     |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **          
     +--+                                 
        +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **       

Bolotov et al., 2015, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 9 5 7 3 2 2 8.0
  +----------- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |                                       
  |     +----- Margaritifera_dahurica[1] **  
  |     |                                 
  +-----+----- Margaritifera_dahurica[2] **  
--+     |                                 
  |     |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Takeuchi et al., 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 3 7 5 3 2 5.0
  +----------------- Pseudunio_auricularius       
  |                                               
--+  +-------------- Cumberlandia_monodonta       
  |  |                                            
  +--+           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **       
     |  +--------+                                
     |  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **  
     +--+                                         
        |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **        
        |  |                                      
        +--+  +----- Margaritifera_laevis[2] **      
           |  |                                   
           +--+  +-- Margaritifera_laevis[1] **      
              |  |                                
              +--+-- Margaritifera_middendorffi[1] **
                 |                                
                 +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi[2] **

Araujo et al., 2016, fig. 1,2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 6 3 2 5.0
           +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
--+                                          
  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     |  |                                    
     +--+     +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      

Araujo et al., 2016, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 4 3 2 5.0
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  |  |                                    
  +--+     +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 3, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 22 3 2 7.0
              +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  +-----------+                                 
  |           |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
--+                                             
  |              +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--+                                          
     |  +----------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
              +--+                              
                 +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 21 4 2 5.0
        +-------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  +-----+                                    
  |     |  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |        +--+                              
--+           +-- Pseudunio_homsensis        
  |                                          
  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     |  |                                    
     +--+     +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 21 4 2 7.0
           +-------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |           +--+                              
--+              +-- Pseudunio_homsensis        
  |                                             
  |              +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--+                                          
     |  +----------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
              +--+                              
                 +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 3 7 193 4 2 8.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                       
  |     +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |     +--+                              
--+        +-- Pseudunio_homsensis        
  |                                       
  |        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |  |                                    
  +--+  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
     |  |                                 
     |  |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+--+                              
        |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
        |                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 191 4 2 5.0
        +-------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  +-----+                                    
  |     |  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |        +--+                              
--+           +-- Pseudunio_homsensis        
  |                                          
  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     |  |                                    
     +--+     +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 3 7 194 4 2 6.0
  +-------------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                          
  |        +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
--+  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        +-- Pseudunio_homsensis        
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     |  |                                    
     |  |     +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
     |  +-----+                              
     +--+     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
        |                                    
        |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        |  |                                 
        +--+----- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
           |                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 27 3 2 5.0
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  |  |                                    
  +--+     +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 

Wu et al., 2020, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 27 3 2 5.0
           +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |        +--+                              
  |           +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
--+                                          
  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     |  |                                    
     +--+     +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 68 3 2 7.0
              +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 68 3 2 7.0
              +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 7 68 3 2 5.0
           +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  |  |                                    
  +--+     +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 24 3 2 6.0
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 24 3 2 6.0
           +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 134 3 2 6.0
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 134 3 2 6.0
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Vikhrev et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 7 4 2 6.0
        +-------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  +-----+                                    
  |     |  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |        +--+                              
--+           +-- Pseudunio_homsensis        
  |                                          
  |           +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Huff et al., 2004, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 6 2 2 5.0
  +----------- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |                                       
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                       
  |        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Huff et al., 2004, fig. 5-6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 7 2 2 5.0
           +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                       
--+        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Inoue et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 4 3 2 5.0
  +-------------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                          
  |           +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
--+  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Bolotov et al., 2015, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 5 4 3 2 5.0
  +-------------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                          
  |           +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
--+  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 
           +--+                              
              +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       

Araujo et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 4 3 2 6.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                       
  |        +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
--+  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |  |                                    
  +--+     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 34 2 2 6.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                       
--+  +-------- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  |  |                                    
  +--+     +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       

Sano et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 25 0 0 7.0
  +-------- Margaritifera_laevis[2] **   
--+                                   
  |  +----- Margaritifera_laevis[1] **   
  +--+                                
     |  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **
     +--+                             
        +-- Margaritifera_laevis[3] **   

Bolotov et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 0 4 32 0 0 8.0
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
  |                              
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 

Bolotov et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 5 0 4 118 0 0 9.0
  +-- Gibbosula_laosensis        
  |                              
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
  |                              
--+-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |                              
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       
  |                              
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi ** 

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 3 12 1 1 9.0
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                 
--+  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  |  |                              
  +--+-- Margaritifera_dahurica[1] **  
     |                              
     +-- Margaritifera_dahurica[2] **  

Breton et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 36 1 1 7.0
  +-------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                    
  |  +----- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                              
        +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    

Mock et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 0 0 0 7.0
  +----- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                 
  |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                              
     +-- Margaritifera_laevis **       

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 15 13 3 13 0 0 17.0
  +-------------------- Margaritifera_margaritifera[2] **
  |                                                   
  |                 +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera[1] **
  |  +--------------+                                 
--+  |              +-- Margaritifera_falcata **         
  |  |                                                
  |  |              +-- Lasmigona_costata             
  |  |        +-----+                                 
  +--+        |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa           
     |  +-----+                                       
     |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis             
     |  |     +--+                                    
     |  |        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis      
     |  |        +--+                                 
     +--+           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis        
        |                                             
        |        +----- Fusconaia_flava               
        |  +-----+                                    
        |  |     |  +-- Pronodularia_japanensis       
        |  |     +--+                                 
        +--+        +-- Sinosolenaia_carinata         
           |                                          
           |  +-------- Quadrula_quadrula             
           +--+                                       
              |  +----- Toxolasma_parvum              
              +--+                                    
                 |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis   
                 +--+                                 
                    +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea         

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 40 2 2 7.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 54 2 2 7.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 36 1 1 9.0
  +-------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                    
  |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Margaritifera_marrianae **    
     +--+                              
        +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 7 2 2 7.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 38 3 2 7.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                       
--+        +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 38 3 2 7.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
  |                                       
--+        +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 71 2 2 7.0
  +----------- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Margaritifera_falcata **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **     
        +--+                              
           +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Lydeard et al., 1996, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 25 1 1 --
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                 
  |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                              
     +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      

Lydeard et al., 1996, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 26 1 1 --
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                 
  |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                              
     +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      

Krebs et al., 2003, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 32 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      

Rosenberg et al., 1994, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 17 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 21 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 21 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 30 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
--+                         
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 31 1 1 --
  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus   
--+                            
  |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
  +--+                         
     +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **

Wen et al., 2017, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 14 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **
--+                         
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 

Sano et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 40 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Feng et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 13 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **
--+                         
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 

Konopleva et al., 2017, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 29 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **
--+                         
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **  

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 56 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **
--+                         
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 

Aunins et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 39 1 1 --
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta
--+                            
  |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
  +--+                         
     +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **

Wu et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 45 1 1 --
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta
--+                            
  |  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **
  +--+                         
     +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 

Cha et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 1 1 --
  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus   
--+                            
  |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
  +--+                         
     +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 43 1 1 --
  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus   
--+                            
  |  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **
  +--+                         
     +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 55 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 55 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_hembeli **      

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 10

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 12 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 12

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 7 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 13

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 8 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 14

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 4 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 16

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 7 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 17

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 13 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 121 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 7 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 6 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **  
--+                         
  +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 5 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 4 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 48 1 1 --
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta
--+                            
  |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
  +--+                         
     +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 44 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_middendorffi **
--+                             
  +-- Margaritifera_laevis **      

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 12 0 0 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **      

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 47 1 1 --
  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus   
--+                            
  |  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
  +--+                         
     +-- Margaritifera_dahurica **

Nagel et al., 1998, fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Graf, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 1 1 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Zhou et al., 2007, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 116 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 114 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Curole & Kocher, 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Curole & Kocher, 2005, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Källersjö et al., 2005, fig. 1A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Källersjö et al., 2005, fig. 1B-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Machordom et al., 2003, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     

Machordom et al., 2003, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 2 2 --
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                 
  |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                              
     +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     

Hoeh et al., 1998, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Hoeh et al., 1998, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Taylor et al., 2007, fig. 1-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Curole & Kocher, 2002, fig. 1-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Turner et al., 2000, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Campbell, 2000, fig. 1-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Gustafson & Iwamoto, 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Prie et al., 2012, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Reis et al., 2013, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Reis et al., 2013, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Graf et al., 2014, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Graf et al., 2015, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Bieler et al., 2014, fig. 26, 27, 29, 30

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bieler et al., 2014, fig. 28

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Giribet & Distel, 2003, fig. 3.5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Zieritz et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Zhou et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 1 1 --
  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Hewitt et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
--+                         
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
--+                         
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3A-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 3B-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Välilä et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     

Froufe et al., 2017, fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Vikhrev et al., 2017, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bespalaya et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Pfeiffer et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 1 1 --
  +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
--+                              
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 107 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bogatov et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Bogatov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Klishko et al., 2019, fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Konopleva et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 51 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
--+                         
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 1 1 --
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta
--+                         
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
--+                         
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 1 1 --
  +-- Pseudunio_marocanus  
--+                        
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata **

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 2 2 --
  +----- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                                 
  |  +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        
  +--+                              
     +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Hewitt et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Klunzinger et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Lemer et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 2 2 --
  +----- Cumberlandia_monodonta     
--+                                 
  |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                              
     +-- Pseudunio_marocanus        

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 2 2 --
  +----- Pseudunio_marocanus        
--+                                 
  |  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
  +--+                              
     +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta     

Teiga-Teixeira et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_falcata ** 
--+                         
  +-- Cumberlandia_monodonta

Kano et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Zhang et al., 2013, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 1 1 --
  +-- Margaritifera_margaritifera **
--+                              
  +-- Pseudunio_auricularius     

Bolotov et al., 2022, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 49 0 0 --
No taxon cladogram to show.

Page updated: 11:38:44 Fri 02 Dec 2022

 
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